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iscsictl(8) [freebsd man page]

ISCSICTL(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 					       ISCSICTL(8)

iscsictl -- iSCSI initiator management utility SYNOPSIS
iscsictl -A -p portal -t target [-u user -s secret] iscsictl -A -d discovery-host [-u user -s secret] iscsictl -A -a [-c path] iscsictl -A -n nickname [-c path] iscsictl -M -i session-id [-p portal] [-t target] [-u user] [-s secret] iscsictl -M -i session-id [-n nickname [-c path]] iscsictl -R [-p portal] [-t target] iscsictl -R -a iscsictl -R -n nickname [-c path] iscsictl -L [-v] DESCRIPTION
The iscsictl utility is used to configure the iSCSI initiator. The following options are available: -A Add session. -M Modify session. -R Remove session. -L List sessions. -a When adding, add all sessions defined in the configuration file. When removing, remove all currently established sessions. -c Path to the configuration file. The default is /etc/iscsi.conf. -d Target host name or address used for SendTargets discovery. When used, it will add a temporary discovery session. After discovery is done, sessions will be added for each discovered target, and the temporary discovery session will be removed. -i Session ID, as displayed by iscsictl -v. -n The "nickname" of session defined in the configuration file. -p Target portal - host name or address - for statically defined targets. -s CHAP secret. -t Target name. -u CHAP login. -v Verbose mode. Certain parameters are necessary when adding a session. One can specify these either via command line (using the -t, -p, -u, and -s options), or configuration file (using the -a or -n options). Some functionality - for example mutual CHAP - is available only via configu- ration file. Since connecting to the target is performed in background, non-zero exit status does not mean that the session was successfully established. Use iscsictl -L to check the connection status. Note that in order for the iSCSI initiator to be able to connect to a target, the iscsid(8) daemon must be running. Also note that FreeBSD currently supports two different initiators: the old one, iscsi_initiator(4), with its control utility iscontrol(8), and the new one, iscsi(4), with iscsictl and iscsid(8). The only thing the two have in common is the configuration file, iscsi.conf(5). FILES
/etc/iscsi.conf iSCSI initiator configuration file. EXIT STATUS
The iscsictl utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. EXAMPLES
Attach to target, served by iscsictl -A -t -p Disconnect all iSCSI sessions: iscsictl -Ra SEE ALSO
iscsi(4), iscsi.conf(5), iscsid(8) HISTORY
The iscsictl command appeared in FreeBSD 10.0. AUTHORS
The iscsictl utility was developed by Edward Tomasz Napierala <> under sponsorship from the FreeBSD Foundation. BSD
September 12, 2014 BSD

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ISCSIADM(8)						   Linux Administrator's Manual 					       ISCSIADM(8)

iscsiadm - open-iscsi administration utility SYNOPSIS
iscsiadm -m discovery [ -hV ] [ -d debug_level ] [ -P printlevel ] [ -I iface -t type -p ip:port [ -l ] ] | [ -o operation ] [ -n name ] [ -v value ] iscsiadm -m node [ -hV ] [ -d debug_level ] [ -P printlevel ] [ -L all,manual,automatic ] [ -U all,manual,automatic ] [ -S ] [ [ -T target- name -p ip:port -I iface ] [ -l | -u | -R | -s] ] [ [ -o operation ] [ -n name ] [ -v value ] [ -p ip:port ] ] iscsiadm -m session [ -hV ] [ -d debug_level ] [ -P printlevel ] [ -r sessionid | sysfsdir [ -R ] [ -u | -s ] ] iscsiadm -m iface [ -hV ] [ -d debug_level ] [ -P printlevel ] [ -I ifacename ] [ [ -o operation ] [ -n name ] [ -v value ] ] iscsiadm -m fw [-l] iscsiadm -k priority DESCRIPTION
The iscsiadm utility is a command-line tool allowing discovery and login to iSCSI targets, as well as access and management of the open- iscsi database. Open-iscsi does not use the term node as defined by the iSCSI RFC, where a node is a single iSCSI initiator or target. Open-iscsi uses the term node to refer to a portal on a target. For session mode, a session id (sid) is used. The sid of a session can be found by running iscsiadm -m session -P 1. The session id and sysfs path are not currently persistent and is partially determined by when the session is setup. Note that many of the node and discovery operations require that the iSCSI daemon (iscsid) be running. OPTIONS
-d, --debug=debug_level print debugging information. Valid values for debug_level are 0 to 8. -h, --help display help text and exit -I, --interface[iface] The interface argument specifies the iSCSI interface to use for the operation. iSCSI interfaces (iface) are defined in /etc/iscsi/ifaces. For hardware or the iface config must have the hardware address (iface.hwaddress) and the driver/transport_name (iface.transport_name). The iface's name is then the filename of the iface config. For software iSCSI, the iface config must have either the hardware address (iface.hwaddress), or the network layer's interface name (iface.net_ifacename), and it must have the driver/transport_name The available drivers/iscsi_transports are tcp (software iSCSI over TCP/IP), iser (software iSCSI over infinniband), or qla4xxx (Qlogic 4XXXX HBAs). The hwaddress is the MAC address or for software iSCSI it may be the special value "default" which directs the initiator to not bind the session to a specific hardware resource and instead allow the network or infinniband layer to decide what to do. There is no need to create a iface config with the default behavior. If you do not specify a iface, then the default behavior is used. As mentioned above there is a special iface name default. There are three others -- cxgb3i, bnx2i and iser, which does not bind the session to a specific card, but will bind the session to the cxgb3i, bnx2i or iser transport. These are experimental and the use is not supported as a stable interface yet. In discovery mode multiple interfaces can be specific by passing in multiple -I/--interface instances. For example, "iscsiadm -m discovery -t st -p mytarget -I iface0 -I iface2" Will direct iscsiadm to setup the node db to create records which will create sessions though the two intefaces passed in. In node mode, only a single interface is supported in each call to iscsiadm. This option is valid for discovery, node and iface mode. -k, --killiscsid=[priority] Currently priority must be zero. This will immediately stop all iscsid operations and shutdown iscsid. It does not logout any ses- sions. Running this command is the same as doing "killall iscsid". Neither should normally not be used, because if iscsid is doing error recovery or if there is an error while iscsid is not running, the system may not be able to recover. This command and isc- sid's SIGTERM handling are experimental. -l, --login For node and fw mode, login to a specified record. For discovery mode, login to all discovered targets. This option is only valid for discovery and node modes. -L, --loginall==[all|manual|automatic] For node mode, login all sessions with the node or conn startup values passed in or all running sesssion, except ones marked onboot, if all is passed in. This option is only valid for node mode (it is valid but not functional for session mode). -m, --mode op specify the mode. op must be one of discovery, node, fw or session. If no other options are specified: for discovery and node, all of their respective records are displayed; for session, all active sessions and connections are displayed; for fw, all boot firmware values are displayed. -n, --name=name Specify a field name in a record. For use with the update operator. -o, --op=op Specifies a database operator op. op must be one of new, delete, update or show. This option is valid for all modes except fw. Delete should not be used on a running session. If it is iscsiadm will stop the ses- sion and then delete the record. new creates a new database record for a given portal (IP address and port number). In discovery mode, iscsiadm will create new records for portals returned by the target. delete deletes a specified recid. In discovery node, iscsiadm will delete records for portals that are no longer returned. update will update the recid with name to the specified value. In discovery node the recid, name and value arguments are not needed. The update operation will operate on the portals returned by the target, and will update the record with info from the con- fig file and command line. show is the default behaviour for node, discovery and iface mode. It is also used when there are no commands passed into session mode and a running sid is passed in. name and value are currently ignored when used with show. -p, --portal=ip[:port] Use target portal with ip-address ip and port, the default port value is 3260. This option is only valid for discovery, or for node operations with the new operator. This should be used along with --target in node mode, to specify what the open-iscsi docs refer to as a node or node record. Note: open-iscsi's use of the word node, does not match the iSCSI RFC's iSCSI Node term. -P, --print=printlevel If in node mode print nodes in tree format. If in session mode print sessions in tree format. If in discovery mode print the nodes in tree format. -T, --targetname=targetname Use target targetname. This should be used along with --portal in node mode, to specify what the open-iscsi docs refer to as a node or node record. Note: open-iscsi's use of the word node, does not match the iSCSI RFC's iSCSI Node term. -r, --sid=sid | sysfsdir Use session ID sid. The sid of a session can be found from running iscsiadm in session mode with the --info argument. Instead of sid, a sysfs path containing the session can be used. For example using one of the following: /sys/devices/plat- form/hostH/sessionS/targetH:B:I/H:B:I:L, /sys/devices/platform/hostH/sessionS/targetH:B:I, or /sys/devices/platform/hostH/sessionS, for the sysfsdir argument would result in the session with sid S to be used. sid | sysfsdir is only required for session mode. -R, --rescan In session mode, if sid is also passed in rescan the session. If no sid has been passed in rescan all running sessions. In node mode, rescan a session running through the target, portal, iface tuple passed in. -s, --stats Display session statistics. -S, --show When displaying records, do not hide masked values, such as the CHAP secret (password). This option is only valid for node and session mode. -t, --type=type type must be sendtargets (or abbreviated as st), slp, isns or fw. Currently only sendtargets, fw, and iSNS is supported, see the DISCOVERY TYPES section. This option is only valid for discovery mode. -u, --logout logout for a specified record. This option is only valid for node and session mode. -U, --logoutall==[all,manual,automatic] logout all sessions with the node or conn startup values passed in or all running sesssion, except ones marked onboot, if all is passed in. This option is only valid for node mode (it is valid but not functional for session mode). -v, --value=value Specify a value for use with the update operator. This option is only valid for node mode. -V, --version display version and exit DISCOVERY TYPES
iSCSI defines 3 discovery types: SendTargets, SLP, and iSNS. SendTargets A native iSCSI protocol which allows each iSCSI target to send a list of available targets to the initiator. SLP Optionally an iSCSI target can use the Service Location Protocol (SLP) to announce the available targets. The initiator can either implement SLP queries directly or can use a separate tool to acquire the information about available targets. iSNS iSNS (Internet Storage Name Service) records information about storage volumes within a larger network. To utilize iSNS, the address of the iSNS server must be set in iscsid.conf using the "isns.address" value, and iscsiadm must be run in discovery mode with the "isns" discovery type. iSNS support in open-iscsi is experimental. The iscsid.conf settings, iscsiadm syntax and node DB layout may change. fw Several NICs and systems contain a mini iSCSI initiator which can be used for boot. To get the values used for boot the fw option can be used. Doing fw discovery, does not store persistent records in the node or discovery DB, because the values are stored in the system's or NIC's resource. Performing fw discovery will print the portals, like with other discovery methods. To see other settings like CHAP values and ini- tiator settings, like you would in node mode, run "iscsiadm -m fw". fw support in open-iscsi is experimental. The settings and iscsiadm syntax and output format may change. iscsiadm supports the iSNS (isns) or SendTargets (st) discovery type. An SLP implementation is under development. EXAMPLES
Discover targets at a given IP address: iscsiadm --mode discovery --type sendtargets --portal Login, must use a node record id found by the discovery: iscsiadm --mode node --targetname --portal --login Logout: iscsiadm --mode node --targetname --portal --logout List node records: iscsiadm --mode node Display all data for a given node record: iscsiadm --mode node --targetname --portal FILES
/etc/iscsi/iscsid.conf The configuration file read by iscsid and iscsiadm on startup. /etc/iscsi/initiatorname.iscsi The file containing the iSCSI InitiatorName and InitiatorAlias read by iscsid and iscsiadm on startup. /etc/iscsi/nodes/ This directory contains the nodes with their targets. /etc/iscsi/send_targets This directory contains the portals. SEE ALSO
iscsid(8) AUTHORS
Open-iSCSI project <> Alex Aizman <> Dmitry Yusupov <> Sep 2006 ISCSIADM(8)
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