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casperd(8) [freebsd man page]

CASPERD(8)						    BSD System Manager's Manual 						CASPERD(8)

casperd -- Capability Services friendly daemon SYNOPSIS
casperd [-Fhv] [-D servconfdir] [-P pidfile] [-S sockpath] [-Fhv] [-D servconfdir] [-P pidfile] [-S sockpath] DESCRIPTION
The casperd daemon hosts various services that can be accessed through libcapsicum's capabilities by programs running in sandboxes. For example it is prohibited to send UDP packets to arbitrary destinations when operating in capability mode, which makes DNS resolution impossi- ble. To make it possible the casperd daemon provides the system.dns service that proxies DNS resolution requests through a dedicated, non- sandboxed process provided by casperd. The casperd daemon can be started with the following command line arguments: -D servconfdir Specify alternative location of the service configuration directory. The default location is /etc/casper/. -F Start the casperd daemon in the foreground. By default casperd starts in the background. -h Print the casperd usage message. -P pidfile Specify alternative location of a file where main process PID will be stored. The default location is /var/run/ -S sockpath Specify alternative location of the unix(4) domain socket used to connect to the casperd daemon. The default location is /var/run/casper. -v Print or log verbose/debugging information. This option can be specified multiple times to raise the verbosity level. FILES
/etc/casper/ The configuration directory for casperd services. /var/run/casper unix(4) domain socket used to connect to the casperd daemon. /var/run/ The default location of the casperd PID file. EXIT STATUS
The casperd daemon exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. SEE ALSO
cap_enter(2), libcapsicum(3), pidfile(3), capsicum(4), unix(4) AUTHORS
The casperd was implemented by Pawel Jakub Dawidek <> under sponsorship from the FreeBSD Foundation. BSD
October 26, 2013 BSD

Check Out this Related Man Page

LIBCAPSICUM(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 					    LIBCAPSICUM(3)

cap_init, cap_wrap, cap_unwrap, cap_sock, cap_clone, cap_close, cap_limit_get, cap_limit_set, cap_send_nvlist, cap_recv_nvlist, cap_xfer_nvlist, cap_service_open -- library for handling application capabilities LIBRARY
library ``libcapsicum'' SYNOPSIS
#include <libcapsicum.h> #include <nv.h> cap_channel_t * cap_init(void); cap_channel_t * cap_wrap(int sock); int cap_unwrap(cap_channel_t *chan); int cap_sock(const cap_channel_t *chan); cap_channel_t * cap_clone(const cap_channel_t *chan); void cap_close(cap_channel_t *chan); int cap_limit_get(const cap_channel_t *chan, nvlist_t **limitsp); int cap_limit_set(const cap_channel_t *chan, nvlist_t *limits); int cap_send_nvlist(const cap_channel_t *chan, const nvlist_t *nvl); nvlist_t * cap_recv_nvlist(const cap_channel_t *chan); nvlist_t * cap_xfer_nvlist(const cap_channel_t *chan, nvlist_t *nvl); #include <libcapsicum_service.h> cap_channel_t * cap_service_open(const cap_channel_t *chan, const char *name); DESCRIPTION
The libcapsicum library allows to manage application capabilities through the casperd(8) daemon. The application capability (represented by the cap_channel_t type) is a communication channel between the caller and the casperd(8) daemon or an instance of one of its services. A capability to the casperd(8) daemon obtained with the cap_init() function allows to create capabili- ties to casper's services via the cap_service_open() function. The cap_init() function opens capability to the casperd(8) daemon. The cap_wrap() function creates cap_channel_t based on the given socket. The function is used when capability is inherited through execve(2) or send over unix(4) domain socket as a regular file descriptor and has to be represented as cap_channel_t again. The cap_unwrap() function is the opposite of the cap_wrap() function. It frees the cap_channel_t structure and returns unix(4) domain socket associated with it. The cap_clone() function clones the given capability. The cap_close() function closes the given capability. The cap_sock() function returns unix(4) domain socket descriptor associated with the given capability for use with system calls like kevent(2), poll(2) and select(2). The cap_limit_get() function stores current limits of the given capability in the limitsp argument. If the function return 0 and NULL is stored in limitsp it means there are no limits set. The cap_limit_set() function sets limits for the given capability. The limits are provided as nvlist. The exact format depends on the ser- vice the capability represents. The cap_send_nvlist() function sends the given nvlist over the given capability. This is low level interface to communicate with casper ser- vices. Most services should provide higher level API. The cap_recv_nvlist() function receives the given nvlist over the given capability. The cap_xfer_nvlist() function sends the given nvlist, destroys it and receives new nvlist in response over the given capability. It does not matter if the function succeeds or fails, the nvlist given for sending will always be destroyed once the function returns. The cap_service_open() function opens casper service of the given name through casper capability obtained via the cap_init() function. The function returns capability that provides access to opened service. RETURN VALUES
The cap_clone(), cap_init(), cap_recv_nvlist(), cap_service_open(), cap_wrap() and cap_xfer_nvlist() functions return NULL and set the errno variable on failure. The cap_limit_get(), cap_limit_set() and cap_send_nvlist() functions return -1 and set the errno variable on failure. The cap_close(), cap_sock() and cap_unwrap() functions always succeed. EXAMPLES
The following example first opens capability to the casperd(8) daemon, then using this capability creates new capability to the system.dns casper service and uses the latter capability to resolve IP address. cap_channel_t *capcas, *capdns; nvlist_t *limits; const char *ipstr = ""; struct in_addr ip; struct hostent *hp; /* Open capability to the Casper daemon. */ capcas = cap_init(); if (capcas == NULL) err(1, "Unable to contact Casper daemon"); /* Enter capability mode sandbox. */ if (cap_enter() < 0 && errno != ENOSYS) err(1, "Unable to enter capability mode"); /* Use Casper capability to create capability to the system.dns service. */ capdns = cap_service_open(capcas, "system.dns"); if (capdns == NULL) err(1, "Unable to open system.dns service"); /* Close Casper capability, we don't need it anymore. */ cap_close(capcas); /* Limit system.dns to reverse DNS lookups and IPv4 addresses. */ limits = nvlist_create(0); nvlist_add_string(limits, "type", "ADDR"); nvlist_add_number(limits, "family", (uint64_t)AF_INET); if (cap_limit_set(capdns, limits) < 0) err(1, "Unable to limit access to the system.dns service"); /* Convert IP address in C-string to in_addr. */ if (!inet_aton(ipstr, &ip)) errx(1, "Unable to parse IP address %s.", ipstr); /* Find hostname for the given IP address. */ hp = cap_gethostbyaddr(capdns, (const void *)&ip, sizeof(ip), AF_INET); if (hp == NULL) errx(1, "No name associated with %s.", ipstr); printf("Name associated with %s is %s. ", ipstr, hp->h_name); SEE ALSO
cap_enter(2), execve(2), kevent(2), poll(2), select(2), cap_gethostbyaddr(3), err(3), gethostbyaddr(3), inet_aton(3), nv(3), capsicum(4), unix(4), casperd(8) AUTHORS
The libcapsicum library was implemented by Pawel Jakub Dawidek <> under sponsorship from the FreeBSD Foundation. BSD
April 14, 2014 BSD

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