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protocols(5) [freebsd man page]

PROTOCOLS(5)						      BSD File Formats Manual						      PROTOCOLS(5)

NAME
protocols -- protocol name data base DESCRIPTION
The protocols file contains information regarding the known protocols used in the DARPA Internet. For each protocol a single line should be present with the following information: official protocol name protocol number aliases Items are separated by any number of blanks and/or tab characters. A ``#'' indicates the beginning of a comment; characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted by routines which search the file. Protocol names may contain any printable character other than a field delimiter, newline, or comment character. FILES
/etc/protocols The protocols file resides in /etc. SEE ALSO
getprotoent(3) HISTORY
The protocols file format appeared in 4.2BSD. BUGS
A name server should be used instead of a static file. BSD
June 5, 1993 BSD

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protocols(4)							   File Formats 						      protocols(4)

NAME
protocols - protocol name database SYNOPSIS
/etc/inet/protocols /etc/protocols DESCRIPTION
The protocols file is a local source of information regarding the known protocols used in the DARPA Internet. The protocols file can be used in conjunction with or instead of other protocols sources, including the NIS maps ``protcols.byname'' and "protocols.bynumber" and the NIS+ table ``protocols''. Programs use the getprotobyname(3SOCKET) routine to access this information. The protocols file has one line for each protocol. The line has the following format: official-protocol-name protocol-number aliases Items are separated by any number of blanks and/or TAB characters. A `#' indicates the beginning of a comment; characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted by routines which search the file. Protocol names may contain any printable character other than a field delimiter, NEWLINE, or comment character. EXAMPLES
Example 1 A Sample Database The following is a sample database: # # Internet (IP) protocols # ip 0 IP # internet protocol, pseudo protocol number icmp 1 ICMP # internet control message protocol ggp 3 GGP # gateway-gateway protocol tcp 6 TCP # transmission control protocol egp 8 EGP # exterior gateway protocol pup 12 PUP # PARC universal packet protocol udp 17 UDP # user datagram protocol # # Internet (IPv6) extension headers # hopopt 0 HOPOPT # Hop-by-hop options for IPv6 ipv6 41 IPv6 # IPv6 in IP encapsulation ipv6-route 43 IPv6-Route # Routing header for IPv6 ipv6-frag 44 IPv6-Frag # Fragment header for IPv6 esp 50 ESP # Encap Security Payload for IPv6 ah 51 AH # Authentication Header for IPv6 ipv6-icmp 58 IPv6-ICMP # IPv6 internet control message protocol ipv6-nonxt 59 IPv6-NoNxt # No next header extension header for IPv6 ipv6-opts 60 IPv6-Opts # Destination Options for IPv6 FILES
/etc/nsswitch.conf configuration file for name-service switch SEE ALSO
getprotobyname(3SOCKET), nsswitch.conf(4) NOTES
/etc/inet/protocols is the official SVR4 name of the protocols file. The symbolic link /etc/protocols exists for BSD compatibility. SunOS 5.11 13 Jun 2002 protocols(4)

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