Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

FreeBSD 11.0 - man page for altera_sdcard (freebsd section 4)

ALTERA_SDCARD(4)					   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 					  ALTERA_SDCARD(4)

NAME
altera_sdcard -- driver for the Altera University Program Secure Data Card IP Core
SYNOPSIS
device altera_sdcard In /boot/device.hints: hint.altera_sdcardc.0.at="nexus0" hint.altera_sdcardc.0.maddr=0x7f008000 hint.altera_sdcardc.0.msize=0x400
DESCRIPTION
The altera_sdcard device driver provides support for the Altera University Program Secure Data Card (SD Card) IP Core device. A controller device, altera_sdcardcX, will be attached during boot. Inserted disks are presented as disk(9) devices, altera_sdcardX, corresponding to the controller number.
HARDWARE
The current version of the altera_sdcard driver supports the SD Card IP core as described in the August 2011 version of Altera's documenta- tion. The core supports only cards up to 2G (CSD 0); larger cards, or cards using newer CSD versions, will not be detected. The IP core has two key limitations: a lack of interrupt support, requiring timer-driven polling to detect I/O completion, and support for only single 512-byte block read and write operations at a time. The combined effect of those two limits is that the system clock rate, HZ, must be set to at least 200 in order to accomplish the maximum 100KB/s data rate supported by the IP core.
SEE ALSO
disk(9) Altera University Program Secure Data Card IP Core, Altera Corporation - University Program, ftp://ftp.altera.com/up/pub/Altera_Material/11.0/University_Program_IP_Cores/Memory/SD_Card_Interface_for_SoPC_Builder.pdf, August 2011.
HISTORY
The altera_sdcard device driver first appeared in FreeBSD 10.0.
AUTHORS
The altera_sdcard device driver and this manual page were developed by SRI International and the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory under DARPA/AFRL contract (FA8750-10-C-0237) (``CTSRD''), as part of the DARPA CRASH research programme. This device driver was written by Robert N. M. Watson.
BUGS
altera_sdcard contains a number of work-arounds for IP core bugs. Perhaps most critically, altera_sdcard ignores the CRC error bit returned in the RR1 register, which appears to be unexpectedly set by the IP core. altera_sdcard uses fixed polling intervals are used for card insertion/removal and I/O completion detection; an adaptive strategy might improve performance by reducing the latency to detecting completed I/O. However, in our experiments, using polling rates greater than 200 times a second did not improve performance. altera_sdcard supports only a nexus bus attachment, which is appropriate for system-on-chip busses such as Altera's Avalon bus. If the IP core is configured off of another bus type, then additional bus attachments will be required.
BSD
August 18, 2012 BSD

Featured Tech Videos