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strtonum(3) [freebsd man page]

STRTONUM(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 					       STRTONUM(3)

NAME
strtonum -- reliably convert string value to an integer SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> long long strtonum(const char *nptr, long long minval, long long maxval, const char **errstr); DESCRIPTION
The strtonum() function converts the string in nptr to a long long value. The strtonum() function was designed to facilitate safe, robust programming and overcome the shortcomings of the atoi(3) and strtol(3) family of interfaces. The string may begin with an arbitrary amount of whitespace (as determined by isspace(3)) followed by a single optional '+' or '-' sign. The remainder of the string is converted to a long long value according to base 10. The value obtained is then checked against the provided minval and maxval bounds. If errstr is non-null, strtonum() stores an error string in *errstr indicating the failure. RETURN VALUES
The strtonum() function returns the result of the conversion, unless the value would exceed the provided bounds or is invalid. On error, 0 is returned, errno is set, and errstr will point to an error message. On success, *errstr will be set to NULL; this fact can be used to dif- ferentiate a successful return of 0 from an error. EXAMPLES
Using strtonum() correctly is meant to be simpler than the alternative functions. int iterations; const char *errstr; iterations = strtonum(optarg, 1, 64, &errstr); if (errstr != NULL) errx(1, "number of iterations is %s: %s", errstr, optarg); The above example will guarantee that the value of iterations is between 1 and 64 (inclusive). ERRORS
[ERANGE] The given string was out of range. [EINVAL] The given string did not consist solely of digit characters. [EINVAL] The supplied minval was larger than maxval. If an error occurs, errstr will be set to one of the following strings: too large The result was larger than the provided maximum value. too small The result was smaller than the provided minimum value. invalid The string did not consist solely of digit characters. SEE ALSO
atof(3), atoi(3), atol(3), atoll(3), sscanf(3), strtod(3), strtol(3), strtoul(3) STANDARDS
The strtonum() function is a BSD extension. The existing alternatives, such as atoi(3) and strtol(3), are either impossible or difficult to use safely. HISTORY
The strtonum() function first appeared in OpenBSD 3.6. BSD
April 29, 2004 BSD

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STRTOL(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						 STRTOL(3)

NAME
strtol, strtoll, strtoimax, strtoq -- convert a string value to a long, long long, intmax_t or quad_t integer LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h> #include <limits.h> long strtol(const char * restrict nptr, char ** restrict endptr, int base); long long strtoll(const char * restrict nptr, char ** restrict endptr, int base); #include <inttypes.h> intmax_t strtoimax(const char * restrict nptr, char ** restrict endptr, int base); #include <sys/types.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <limits.h> quad_t strtoq(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base); DESCRIPTION
The strtol() function converts the string in nptr to a long value. The strtoll() function converts the string in nptr to a long long value. The strtoimax() function converts the string in nptr to an intmax_t value. The strtoq() function converts the string in nptr to a quad_t value. The conversion is done according to the given base, which must be between 2 and 36 inclusive, or be the special value 0. The string may begin with an arbitrary amount of white space (as determined by isspace(3)) followed by a single optional '+' or '-' sign. If base is zero or 16, the string may then include a ``0x'' prefix, and the number will be read in base 16; otherwise, a zero base is taken as 10 (decimal) unless the next character is '0', in which case it is taken as 8 (octal). The remainder of the string is converted to a long, long long, intmax_t or quad_t value in the obvious manner, stopping at the first charac- ter which is not a valid digit in the given base. (In bases above 10, the letter 'A' in either upper or lower case represents 10, 'B' repre- sents 11, and so forth, with 'Z' representing 35.) If endptr is not NULL, strtol() stores the address of the first invalid character in *endptr. If there were no digits at all, however, strtol() stores the original value of nptr in *endptr. (Thus, if *nptr is not '' but **endptr is '' on return, the entire string was valid.) RETURN VALUES
The strtol(), strtoll(), strtoimax() and strtoq() functions return the result of the conversion, unless the value would underflow or over- flow. If no conversion could be performed, 0 is returned and the global variable errno is set to EINVAL (the last feature is not portable across all platforms). If an overflow or underflow occurs, errno is set to ERANGE and the function return value is clamped according to the following table. Function underflow overflow strtol() LONG_MIN LONG_MAX strtoll() LLONG_MIN LLONG_MAX strtoimax() INTMAX_MIN INTMAX_MAX strtoq() LLONG_MIN LLONG_MAX ERRORS
[EINVAL] The value of base is not supported or no conversion could be performed (the last feature is not portable across all plat- forms). [ERANGE] The given string was out of range; the value converted has been clamped. SEE ALSO
atof(3), atoi(3), atol(3), strtod(3), strtonum(3), strtoul(3), wcstol(3) STANDARDS
The strtol() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (``ISO C90''). The strtoll() and strtoimax() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99''). The BSD strtoq() function is deprecated. BSD
November 28, 2001 BSD

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