FSEEK(3) BSD Library Functions Manual FSEEK(3)
fgetpos, fseek, fseeko, fsetpos, ftell, ftello, rewind -- reposition a stream
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
fseek(FILE *stream, long offset, int whence);
fgetpos(FILE * restrict stream, fpos_t * restrict pos);
fsetpos(FILE *stream, const fpos_t *pos);
fseeko(FILE *stream, off_t offset, int whence);
The fseek() function sets the file position indicator for the stream pointed to by stream. The new position, measured in bytes, is obtained
by adding offset bytes to the position specified by whence. If whence is set to SEEK_SET, SEEK_CUR, or SEEK_END, the offset is relative to
the start of the file, the current position indicator, or end-of-file, respectively. A successful call to the fseek() function clears the
end-of-file indicator for the stream and undoes any effects of the ungetc(3) and ungetwc(3) functions on the same stream.
The ftell() function obtains the current value of the file position indicator for the stream pointed to by stream.
The rewind() function sets the file position indicator for the stream pointed to by stream to the beginning of the file. It is equivalent
(void)fseek(stream, 0L, SEEK_SET)
except that the error indicator for the stream is also cleared (see clearerr(3)).
Since rewind() does not return a value, an application wishing to detect errors should clear errno, then call rewind(), and if errno is non-
zero, assume an error has occurred.
The fseeko() function is identical to fseek(), except it takes an off_t argument instead of a long. Likewise, the ftello() function is iden-
tical to ftell(), except it returns an off_t.
The fgetpos() and fsetpos() functions are alternate interfaces for retrieving and setting the current position in the file, similar to
ftell() and fseek(), except that the current position is stored in an opaque object of type fpos_t pointed to by pos. These functions pro-
vide a portable way to seek to offsets larger than those that can be represented by a long int. They may also store additional state infor-
mation in the fpos_t object to facilitate seeking within files containing multibyte characters with state-dependent encodings. Although
fpos_t has traditionally been an integral type, applications cannot assume that it is; in particular, they must not perform arithmetic on
objects of this type.
If the stream is a wide character stream (see fwide(3)), the position specified by the combination of offset and whence must contain the
first byte of a multibyte sequence.
The rewind() function returns no value.
The fgetpos(), fseek(), fseeko(), and fsetpos() functions return the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global
variable errno is set to indicate the error.
Upon successful completion, ftell() and ftello() return the current offset. Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set
to indicate the error.
[EBADF] The stream argument is not a seekable stream.
[EINVAL] The whence argument is invalid or the resulting file-position indicator would be set to a negative value.
[EOVERFLOW] The resulting file offset would be a value which cannot be represented correctly in an object of type off_t for fseeko()
and ftello() or long for fseek() and ftell().
[ESPIPE] The file descriptor underlying stream is associated with a pipe or FIFO or file-position indicator value is unspecified
The functions fgetpos(), fseek(), fseeko(), fsetpos(), ftell(), ftello(), and rewind() may also fail and set errno for any of the errors
specified for the routines fflush(3), fstat(2), lseek(2), and malloc(3).
lseek(2), clearerr(3), fwide(3), ungetc(3), ungetwc(3)
The fgetpos(), fsetpos(), fseek(), ftell(), and rewind() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (``ISO C90'').
The fseeko() and ftello() functions conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'').
March 19, 2004 BSD