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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #555
Difficulty: Easy
In C, if double b = 3.14159265359; printf("b=%10f ", b); then the output with be b=3.141593
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posix1e(3) [freebsd man page]

POSIX1E(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						POSIX1E(3)

NAME
posix1e -- introduction to the POSIX.1e security API LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/acl.h> #include <sys/mac.h> DESCRIPTION
POSIX.1e describes five security extensions to the POSIX.1 API: Access Control Lists (ACLs), Auditing, Capabilities, Mandatory Access Con- trol, and Information Flow Labels. While IEEE POSIX.1e D17 specification has not been standardized, several of its interfaces are widely used. FreeBSD implements POSIX.1e interface for access control lists, described in acl(3), and supports ACLs on the ffs(7) file system; ACLs must be administratively enabled using tunefs(8). FreeBSD implements a POSIX.1e-like mandatory access control interface, described in mac(3), although with a number of extensions and impor- tant semantic differences. FreeBSD does not implement the POSIX.1e audit, privilege (capability), or information flow label APIs. However, FreeBSD does implement the libbsm audit API. It also provides capsicum(4), a lightweight OS capability and sandbox framework implementing a hybrid capability system model. ENVIRONMENT
POSIX.1e assigns security attributes to all objects, extending the security functionality described in POSIX.1. These additional attributes store fine-grained discretionary access control information and mandatory access control labels; for files, they are stored in extended attributes, described in extattr(3). POSIX.2c describes a set of userland utilities for manipulating these attributes, including getfacl(1) and setfacl(1) for access control lists, and getfmac(8) and setfmac(8) for mandatory access control labels. SEE ALSO
getfacl(1), setfacl(1), extattr(2), acl(3), extattr(3), libbsm(3), libcapsicum(3), mac(3), capsicum(4), ffs(7), getfmac(8), setfmac(8), tunefs(8), acl(9), extattr(9), mac(9) STANDARDS
POSIX.1e is described in IEEE POSIX.1e draft 17. HISTORY
POSIX.1e support was introduced in FreeBSD 4.0; most features were available as of FreeBSD 5.0. AUTHORS
Robert N M Watson Chris D. Faulhaber Thomas Moestl Ilmar S Habibulin BSD
April 15, 2014 BSD

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ACL_SET(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						ACL_SET(3)

NAME
acl_set_fd, acl_set_fd_np, acl_set_file, acl_set_link_np -- set an ACL for a file LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/acl.h> int acl_set_fd(int fd, acl_t acl); int acl_set_fd_np(int fd, acl_t acl, acl_type_t type); int acl_set_file(const char *path_p, acl_type_t type, acl_t acl); int acl_set_link_np(const char *path_p, acl_type_t type, acl_t acl); DESCRIPTION
The acl_set_fd(), acl_set_fd_np(), acl_set_file(), and acl_set_link_np() each associate an ACL with an object referred to by fd or path_p. The acl_set_fd_np() and acl_set_link_np() functions are not POSIX.1e calls. The acl_set_fd() function allows only the setting of ACLs of type ACL_TYPE_ACCESS where as acl_set_fd_np() allows the setting of ACLs of any type. The acl_set_link_np() function acts on a symlink rather than its target, if the target of the path is a symlink. Valid values for the type argument are: ACL_TYPE_ACCESS POSIX.1e access ACL ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT POSIX.1e default ACL ACL_TYPE_NFS4 NFSv4 ACL Trying to set ACL_TYPE_NFS4 with acl branded as POSIX.1e, or ACL_TYPE_ACCESS or ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT with ACL branded as NFSv4, will result in error. IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
FreeBSD's support for POSIX.1e interfaces and features is still under development at this time. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
If any of the following conditions occur, these functions shall return -1 and set errno to the corresponding value: [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix, or the object exists and the process does not have appro- priate access rights. [EBADF] The fd argument is not a valid file descriptor. [EINVAL] Argument acl does not point to a valid ACL for this object, or the ACL type specified in type is invalid for this object, or there is branding mismatch. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters. [ENOENT] The named object does not exist, or the path_p argument points to an empty string. [ENOMEM] Insufficient memory available to fulfill request. [ENOSPC] The directory or file system that would contain the new ACL cannot be extended, or the file system is out of file alloca- tion resources. [EOPNOTSUPP] The file system does not support ACL retrieval. [EROFS] This function requires modification of a file system which is currently read-only. SEE ALSO
acl(3), acl_delete(3), acl_get(3), acl_get_brand_np(3), acl_valid(3), posix1e(3) STANDARDS
POSIX.1e is described in IEEE POSIX.1e draft 17. Discussion of the draft continues on the cross-platform POSIX.1e implementation mailing list. To join this list, see the FreeBSD POSIX.1e implementation page for more information. HISTORY
POSIX.1e support was introduced in FreeBSD 4.0, and development continues. AUTHORS
Robert N M Watson BSD
June 25, 2009 BSD

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