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memchr(3) [freebsd man page]

MEMCHR(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						 MEMCHR(3)

memchr -- locate byte in byte string LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <string.h> void * memchr(const void *b, int c, size_t len); void * memrchr(const void *b, int c, size_t len); DESCRIPTION
The memchr() function locates the first occurrence of c (converted to an unsigned char) in string b. The memrchr() function behaves like memchr(), except that it locates the last occurrence of c in string b. RETURN VALUES
The memchr() and memrchr() functions return a pointer to the byte located, or NULL if no such byte exists within len bytes. SEE ALSO
memmem(3), strchr(3), strcspn(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), strtok(3), wmemchr(3) STANDARDS
The memchr() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 (``ISO C90''). The memrchr() function is a GNU extension and conforms to no standard. HISTORY
The memrchr() function first appeared in GNU libc 2.1.91, this implementation first appeared in FreeBSD 6.4, coming from OpenBSD 4.3. BSD
April 9, 2008 BSD

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MEMCHR(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 MEMCHR(3)

memchr, memrchr, rawmemchr - scan memory for a character SYNOPSIS
#include <string.h> void *memchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n); void *memrchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n); void *rawmemchr(const void *s, int c); Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)): memrchr(), rawmemchr(): _GNU_SOURCE DESCRIPTION
The memchr() function scans the initial n bytes of the memory area pointed to by s for the first instance of c. Both c and the bytes of the memory area pointed to by s are interpreted as unsigned char. The memrchr() function is like the memchr() function, except that it searches backward from the end of the n bytes pointed to by s instead of forward from the beginning. The rawmemchr() function is similar to memchr(): it assumes (i.e., the programmer knows for certain) that an instance of c lies somewhere in the memory area starting at the location pointed to by s, and so performs an optimized search for c (i.e., no use of a count argument to limit the range of the search). If an instance of c is not found, the results are unpredictable. The following call is a fast means of locating a string's terminating null byte: char *p = rawmemchr(s, ''); RETURN VALUE
The memchr() and memrchr() functions return a pointer to the matching byte or NULL if the character does not occur in the given memory area. The rawmemchr() function returns a pointer to the matching byte, if one is found. If no matching byte is found, the result is unspecified. VERSIONS
rawmemchr() first appeared in glibc in version 2.1. memrchr() first appeared in glibc in version 2.2. CONFORMING TO
The memchr() function conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001. The memrchr() function is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1.91. The rawmemchr() function is a GNU extension, available since glibc 2.1. SEE ALSO
ffs(3), index(3), rindex(3), strchr(3), strpbrk(3), strrchr(3), strsep(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), wmemchr(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at 2012-04-23 MEMCHR(3)
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