RPC(3) BSD Library Functions Manual RPC(3)
rpc_secure -- library routines for secure remote procedure calls
authdes_create(char *name, unsigned window, struct sockaddr *addr, des_block *ckey);
authdes_getucred(struct authdes_cred *adc, uid_t *uid, gid_t *gid, int *grouplen, gid_t *groups);
host2netname(char *name, const char *host, const char *domain);
key_decryptsession(const char *remotename, des_block *deskey);
key_encryptsession(const char *remotename, des_block *deskey);
key_setsecret(const char *key);
netname2host(char *name, char *host, int hostlen);
netname2user(char *name, uid_t *uidp, gid_t *gidp, int *gidlenp, gid_t *gidlist);
user2netname(char *name, const uid_t uid, const char *domain);
These routines are part of the RPC library. They implement DES Authentication. See rpc(3) for further details about RPC.
The authdes_create() is the first of two routines which interface to the RPC secure authentication system, known as DES authentication. The
second is authdes_getucred(), below.
Note: the keyserver daemon keyserv(8) must be running for the DES authentication system to work.
The authdes_create() function, used on the client side, returns an authentication handle that will enable the use of the secure authentica-
tion system. The first argument name is the network name, or netname, of the owner of the server process. This field usually represents a
hostname derived from the utility routine host2netname(), but could also represent a user name using user2netname(). The second field is
window on the validity of the client credential, given in seconds. A small window is more secure than a large one, but choosing too small of
a window will increase the frequency of resynchronizations because of clock drift. The third argument addr is optional. If it is NULL, then
the authentication system will assume that the local clock is always in sync with the server's clock, and will not attempt resynchroniza-
tions. If an address is supplied, however, then the system will use the address for consulting the remote time service whenever resynchro-
nization is required. This argument is usually the address of the RPC server itself. The final argument ckey is also optional. If it is
NULL, then the authentication system will generate a random DES key to be used for the encryption of credentials. If it is supplied, how-
ever, then it will be used instead.
The authdes_getucred() function, the second of the two DES authentication routines, is used on the server side for converting a DES creden-
tial, which is operating system independent, into a UNIX credential. This routine differs from utility routine netname2user() in that
authdes_getucred() pulls its information from a cache, and does not have to do a Yellow Pages lookup every time it is called to get its
The getnetname() function installs the unique, operating-system independent netname of the caller in the fixed-length array name. Returns
TRUE if it succeeds and FALSE if it fails.
The host2netname() function converts from a domain-specific hostname to an operating-system independent netname. Returns TRUE if it succeeds
and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of netname2host().
The key_decryptsession() function is an interface to the keyserver daemon, which is associated with RPC's secure authentication system (DES
authentication). User programs rarely need to call it, or its associated routines key_encryptsession(), key_gendes() and key_setsecret().
System commands such as login(1) and the RPC library are the main clients of these four routines.
The key_decryptsession() function takes a server netname and a DES key, and decrypts the key by using the public key of the server and the
secret key associated with the effective uid of the calling process. It is the inverse of key_encryptsession().
The key_encryptsession() function is a keyserver interface routine. It takes a server netname and a des key, and encrypts it using the pub-
lic key of the server and the secret key associated with the effective uid of the calling process. It is the inverse of
The key_gendes() function is a keyserver interface routine. It is used to ask the keyserver for a secure conversation key. Choosing one
"random" is usually not good enough, because the common ways of choosing random numbers, such as using the current time, are very easy to
The key_setsecret() function is a keyserver interface routine. It is used to set the key for the effective uid of the calling process.
The netname2host() function converts from an operating-system independent netname to a domain-specific hostname. Returns TRUE if it succeeds
and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of host2netname().
The netname2user() function converts from an operating-system independent netname to a domain-specific user ID. Returns TRUE if it succeeds
and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of user2netname().
The user2netname() function converts from a domain-specific username to an operating-system independent netname. Returns TRUE if it succeeds
and FALSE if it fails. Inverse of netname2user().
rpc(3), xdr(3), keyserv(8)
The following manuals:
Remote Procedure Calls: Protocol Specification.
Remote Procedure Call Programming Guide.
Rpcgen Programming Guide.
RPC: Remote Procedure Call Protocol Specification, RFC1050, Sun Microsystems Inc., USC-ISI.
February 16, 1988 BSD