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archive_read_finish(3) [freebsd man page]

ARCHIVE_READ_FREE(3)					   BSD Library Functions Manual 				      ARCHIVE_READ_FREE(3)

NAME
archive_read_close, archive_read_finish, archive_read_free -- functions for reading streaming archives LIBRARY
Streaming Archive Library (libarchive, -larchive) SYNOPSIS
#include <archive.h> int archive_read_close(struct archive *); int archive_read_finish(struct archive *); int archive_read_free(struct archive *); DESCRIPTION
archive_read_close() Complete the archive and invoke the close callback. archive_read_finish() This is a deprecated synonym for archive_read_free(). The new name was introduced with libarchive 3.0. Applications that need to compile with either libarchive 2 or libarchive 3 should continue to use the archive_read_finish() name. Both names will be supported until libarchive 4.0 is released, which is not expected to occur earlier than 2013. archive_read_free() Invokes archive_read_close() if it was not invoked manually, then release all resources. Note: In libarchive 1.x, this function was declared to return void, which made it impossible to detect certain errors when archive_read_close() was invoked implicitly from this function. The declaration is corrected beginning with libarchive 2.0. RETURN VALUES
These functions return ARCHIVE_OK on success, or ARCHIVE_FATAL. ERRORS
Detailed error codes and textual descriptions are available from the archive_errno() and archive_error_string() functions. SEE ALSO
libarchive(3), archive_read_new(3), archive_read_data(3), archive_read_filter(3), archive_read_format(3), archive_read_open(3), archive_read_set_options(3), archive_util(3) BSD
February 2, 2012 BSD

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ARCHIVE_READ(3) 					   BSD Library Functions Manual 					   ARCHIVE_READ(3)

NAME
archive_read -- functions for reading streaming archives LIBRARY
Streaming Archive Library (libarchive, -larchive) SYNOPSIS
#include <archive.h> DESCRIPTION
These functions provide a complete API for reading streaming archives. The general process is to first create the struct archive object, set options, initialize the reader, iterate over the archive headers and associated data, then close the archive and release all resources. Create archive object See archive_read_new(3). To read an archive, you must first obtain an initialized struct archive object from archive_read_new(). Enable filters and formats See archive_read_filter(3) and archive_read_format(3). You can then modify this object for the desired operations with the various archive_read_set_XXX() and archive_read_support_XXX() functions. In particular, you will need to invoke appropriate archive_read_support_XXX() functions to enable the corresponding compression and format support. Note that these latter functions perform two distinct operations: they cause the corresponding support code to be linked into your program, and they enable the corresponding auto-detect code. Unless you have specific constraints, you will generally want to invoke archive_read_support_filter_all() and archive_read_support_format_all() to enable auto-detect for all formats and compression types currently supported by the library. Set options See archive_read_set_options(3). Open archive See archive_read_open(3). Once you have prepared the struct archive object, you call archive_read_open() to actually open the archive and prepare it for reading. There are several variants of this function; the most basic expects you to provide pointers to several functions that can provide blocks of bytes from the archive. There are convenience forms that allow you to specify a filename, file descriptor, FILE * object, or a block of mem- ory from which to read the archive data. Note that the core library makes no assumptions about the size of the blocks read; callback func- tions are free to read whatever block size is most appropriate for the medium. Consume archive See archive_read_header(3), archive_read_data(3) and archive_read_extract(3). Each archive entry consists of a header followed by a certain amount of data. You can obtain the next header with archive_read_next_header(), which returns a pointer to an struct archive_entry structure with information about the current archive element. If the entry is a regular file, then the header will be followed by the file data. You can use archive_read_data() (which works much like the read(2) system call) to read this data from the archive, or archive_read_data_block() which provides a slightly more efficient interface. You may prefer to use the higher-level archive_read_data_skip(), which reads and discards the data for this entry, archive_read_data_to_file(), which copies the data to the provided file descriptor, or archive_read_extract(), which recreates the specified entry on disk and copies data from the archive. In particular, note that archive_read_extract() uses the struct archive_entry structure that you provide it, which may differ from the entry just read from the archive. In particular, many applications will want to override the path- name, file permissions, or ownership. Release resources See archive_read_free(3). Once you have finished reading data from the archive, you should call archive_read_close() to close the archive, then call archive_read_free() to release all resources, including all memory allocated by the library. EXAMPLE
The following illustrates basic usage of the library. In this example, the callback functions are simply wrappers around the standard open(2), read(2), and close(2) system calls. void list_archive(const char *name) { struct mydata *mydata; struct archive *a; struct archive_entry *entry; mydata = malloc(sizeof(struct mydata)); a = archive_read_new(); mydata->name = name; archive_read_support_filter_all(a); archive_read_support_format_all(a); archive_read_open(a, mydata, myopen, myread, myclose); while (archive_read_next_header(a, &entry) == ARCHIVE_OK) { printf("%s ",archive_entry_pathname(entry)); archive_read_data_skip(a); } archive_read_free(a); free(mydata); } ssize_t myread(struct archive *a, void *client_data, const void **buff) { struct mydata *mydata = client_data; *buff = mydata->buff; return (read(mydata->fd, mydata->buff, 10240)); } int myopen(struct archive *a, void *client_data) { struct mydata *mydata = client_data; mydata->fd = open(mydata->name, O_RDONLY); return (mydata->fd >= 0 ? ARCHIVE_OK : ARCHIVE_FATAL); } int myclose(struct archive *a, void *client_data) { struct mydata *mydata = client_data; if (mydata->fd > 0) close(mydata->fd); return (ARCHIVE_OK); } SEE ALSO
tar(1), libarchive(3), archive_read_new(3), archive_read_data(3), archive_read_extract(3), archive_read_filter(3), archive_read_format(3), archive_read_header(3), archive_read_open(3), archive_read_set_options(3), archive_util(3), tar(5) HISTORY
The libarchive library first appeared in FreeBSD 5.3. AUTHORS
The libarchive library was written by Tim Kientzle <kientzle@acm.org>. BUGS
Many traditional archiver programs treat empty files as valid empty archives. For example, many implementations of tar(1) allow you to append entries to an empty file. Of course, it is impossible to determine the format of an empty file by inspecting the contents, so this library treats empty files as having a special ``empty'' format. BSD
February 2, 2012 BSD

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