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shmctl(2) [freebsd man page]

SHMCTL(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							 SHMCTL(2)

NAME
shmctl -- shared memory control LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/ipc.h> #include <sys/shm.h> int shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, struct shmid_ds *buf); DESCRIPTION
Performs the action specified by cmd on the shared memory segment identified by shmid: IPC_STAT Fetch the segment's struct shmid_ds, storing it in the memory pointed to by buf. IPC_SET Changes the shm_perm.uid, shm_perm.gid, and shm_perm.mode members of the segment's struct shmid_ds to match those of the struct pointed to by buf. The calling process's effective uid must match either shm_perm.uid or shm_perm.cuid, or it must have supe- ruser privileges. IPC_RMID Removes the segment from the system. The removal will not take effect until all processes having attached the segment have exited; however, once the IPC_RMID operation has taken place, no further processes will be allowed to attach the segment. For the operation to succeed, the calling process's effective uid must match shm_perm.uid or shm_perm.cuid, or the process must have superuser privileges. The shmid_ds structure is defined as follows: struct shmid_ds { struct ipc_perm shm_perm; /* operation permission structure */ size_t shm_segsz; /* size of segment in bytes */ pid_t shm_lpid; /* process ID of last shared memory op */ pid_t shm_cpid; /* process ID of creator */ int shm_nattch; /* number of current attaches */ time_t shm_atime; /* time of last shmat() */ time_t shm_dtime; /* time of last shmdt() */ time_t shm_ctime; /* time of last change by shmctl() */ }; RETURN VALUES
The shmctl() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
The shmctl() system call will fail if: [EINVAL] Invalid operation, or no shared memory segment was found corresponding to shmid. [EPERM] The calling process's effective uid does not match the uid of the shared memory segment's owner or creator. [EACCES] Permission denied due to mismatch between operation and mode of shared memory segment. SEE ALSO
shmat(2), shmdt(2), shmget(2), ftok(3) BSD
July 17, 1995 BSD

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SHMCTL(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							 SHMCTL(2)

NAME
shmctl -- shared memory control operations SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/shm.h> int shmctl(int shmid, int cmd, struct shmid_ds *buf); DESCRIPTION
The shmctl() system call performs some control operations on the shared memory area specified by shmid. Each shared memory segment has a data structure associated with it, parts of which may be altered by shmctl() and parts of which determine the actions of shmctl(). This structure is defined as follows in <sys/shm.h>: struct shmid_ds { struct ipc_perm shm_perm; /* operation permissions */ int shm_segsz; /* size of segment in bytes */ pid_t shm_lpid; /* pid of last shm op */ pid_t shm_cpid; /* pid of creator */ short shm_nattch; /* # of current attaches */ time_t shm_atime; /* last shmat() time*/ time_t shm_dtime; /* last shmdt() time */ time_t shm_ctime; /* last change by shmctl() */ void *shm_internal; /* sysv stupidity */ }; The ipc_perm structure used inside the shmid_ds structure is defined in <sys/ipc.h> and looks like this: struct ipc_perm { uid_t uid; /* Owner's user ID */ gid_t gid; /* Owner's group ID */ uid_t cuid; /* Creator's user ID */ gid_t cgid; /* Creator's group ID */ mode_t mode; /* r/w permission (see chmod(2)) */ unsigned short _seq; /* Reserved for internal use */ key_t _key; /* Reserved for internal use */ }; The operation to be performed by shmctl() is specified in cmd and is one of: IPC_STAT Gather information about the shared memory segment and place it in the structure pointed to by buf. IPC_SET Set the value of the shm_perm.uid, shm_perm.gid and shm_perm.mode fields in the structure associated with shmid. The values are taken from the corresponding fields in the structure pointed to by buf. This operation can only be executed by the super-user, or a process that has an effective user id equal to either shm_perm.cuid or shm_perm.uid in the data structure associated with the shared memory segment. IPC_RMID Remove the shared memory segment specified by shmid and destroy the data associated with it. Only the super-user or a process with an effective uid equal to the shm_perm.cuid or shm_perm.uid values in the data structure associated with the queue can do this. The read and write permissions on a shared memory identifier are determined by the shm_perm.mode field in the same way as is done with files (see chmod(2) ), but the effective uid can match either the shm_perm.cuid field or the shm_perm.uid field, and the effective gid can match either shm_perm.cgid or shm_perm.gid. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
shmctl() will fail if: [EACCES] The command is IPC_STAT and the caller has no read permission for this shared memory segment. [EFAULT] buf specifies an invalid address. [EINVAL] shmid is not a valid shared memory segment identifier. cmd is not a valid command. [EPERM] cmd is equal to IPC_SET or IPC_RMID and the caller is not the super-user,nor does the effective uid match either the shm_perm.uid or shm_perm.cuid fields of the data structure associated with the shared memory segment. An attempt is made to increase the value of shm_qbytes through IPC_SET but the caller is not the super-user. LEGACY SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/ipc.h> #include <sys/shm.h> All of these include files are necessary. LEGACY DESCRIPTION
The ipc_perm structure used inside the shmid_ds structure, as defined in <sys/ipc.h>, looks like this: struct ipc_perm { __uint16_t cuid; /* Creator's user id */ __uint16_t cgid; /* Creator's group id */ __uint16_t uid; /* Owner's user id */ __uint16_t gid; /* Owner's group id */ mode_t mode; /* r/w permission (see chmod(2)) */ __uint16_t seq; /* Reserved for internal use */ key_t key; /* Reserved for internal use */ }; This structure is maintained for binary backward compatibility with previous versions of the interface. New code should not use this inter- face, because ID values may be truncated. Specifically, LEGACY mode limits the allowable uid/gid ranges to 0-32767. If the user has a UID that is out of this range (e.g., "nobody"), software using the LEGACY API will not behave as expected. SEE ALSO
shmat(2), shmdt(2), shmget(2), compat(5) BSD
August 17, 1995 BSD
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