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setpgid(2) [freebsd man page]

SETPGID(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							SETPGID(2)

NAME
setpgid, setpgrp -- set process group LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int setpgid(pid_t pid, pid_t pgrp); int setpgrp(pid_t pid, pid_t pgrp); DESCRIPTION
The setpgid() system call sets the process group of the specified process pid to the specified pgrp. If pid is zero, then the call applies to the current process. If pgrp is zero, then the process id of the process specified by pid is used instead. If the affected process is not the invoking process, then it must be a child of the invoking process, it must not have performed an exec(3) operation, and both processes must be in the same session. The requested process group ID must already exist in the session of the caller, or it must be equal to the target process ID. RETURN VALUES
The setpgid() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. COMPATIBILITY
The setpgrp() system call is identical to setpgid(), and is retained for calling convention compatibility with historical versions of BSD. ERRORS
The setpgid() system call will fail and the process group will not be altered if: [EINVAL] The requested process group ID is not legal. [ESRCH] The requested process does not exist. [ESRCH] The target process is not the calling process or a child of the calling process. [EACCES] The requested process is a child of the calling process, but it has performed an exec(3) operation. [EPERM] The target process is a session leader. [EPERM] The requested process group ID is not in the session of the caller, and it is not equal to the process ID of the target process. SEE ALSO
getpgrp(2) STANDARDS
The setpgid() system call is expected to conform to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1''). BSD
February 8, 2004 BSD

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SETPGID(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							SETPGID(2)

NAME
setpgid, setpgrp -- set process group SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int setpgid(pid_t pid, pid_t pgid); pid_t setpgrp(void); DESCRIPTION
Setpgid() sets the process group of the specified process pid to the specified pgid. If pid is zero, then the call applies to the current process. If the invoker is not the super-user, then the affected process must have the same effective user-id as the invoker or be a descendant of the invoking process. If the calling process is not already a session leader, setpgrp() sets the process group ID of the calling process to that of the calling process. Any new session that this creates will have no controlling terminal. RETURN VALUES
Setpgid() returns 0 when the operation was successful. If the request failed, -1 is returned and the global variable errno indicates the reason. ERRORS
Setpgid() will fail and the process group will not be altered if: [EACCES] The value of the pid argument matches the process ID of a child process of the calling process, and the child process has successfully executed one of the exec functions. [EINVAL] The value of the pgid argument is less than 0 or is not a value supported by the implementation. [EPERM] The process indicated by the pid argument is a session leader. [EPERM] The effective user ID of the requested process is different from that of the caller and the process is not a descendant of the calling process. [EPERM] The value of the pgid argument is valid, but does not match the process ID of the process indicated by the pid argument and there is no process with a process group ID that matches the value of the pgid argument in the same session as the calling process. [ESRCH] The value of the pid argument does not match the process ID of the calling process or of a child process of the calling process. LEGACY SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int setpgrp(pid_t pid, pid_t pgid); The legacy setpgrp() function is a clone of the setpgid() function, retained for calling convention compatibility with historical versions of BSD. COMPATIBILITY
Use of the legacy version of the setpgrp() call will cause compiler diagnostics. Use setpgid() instead. Use of private (and conflicting) prototypes for setpgrp() will cause compiler diagnostics. Delete the private prototypes and include <unistd.h>. SEE ALSO
getpgrp(2), compat(5) STANDARDS
The setpgid() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1''). 4th Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4th Berkeley Distribution

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