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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #469
Difficulty: Medium
The NTP pool is a dynamic collection of networked computers that volunteer to provide highly accurate time via the Network Time Protocol to clients worldwide.
True or False?
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ntptrace(1) [freebsd man page]

NTPTRACE(1)                                                   General Commands Manual                                                  NTPTRACE(1)

NAME
ntptrace - trace a chain of NTP servers back to the primary source SYNOPSIS
ntptrace [ -m max_hops ] [ -n ] DESCRIPTION
ntptrace determines where a given Network Time Protocol (NTP) server gets its time from, and follows the chain of NTP servers back to their master time source. If given no arguments, it starts with localhost. Here is an example of the output from ntptrace: % ntptrace localhost: stratum 4, offset 0.0019529, synch distance 0.144135 server2ozo.com: stratum 2, offset 0.0124263, synch distance 0.115784 usndh.edu: stratum 1, offset 0.0019298, synch distance 0.011993, refid 'WWVB' On each line, the fields are (left to right): the host name, the host stratum, the time offset between that host and the local host (as measured by ntptrace; this is why it is not always zero for "localhost"), the host synchronization distance, and (only for stratum-1 servers) the reference clock ID. All times are given in seconds. Note that the stratum is the server hop count to the primary source, while the synchronization distance is the estimated error relative to the primary source. These terms are precisely defined in RFC-1305. OPTIONS
-m max_hops Sets the number of server hops to follow (default = 99). -n Turns off the printing of host names; instead, host IP addresses are given. This may be useful if a nameserver is down. BUGS
This program makes no attempt to improve accuracy by doing multiple samples. Network Time Protocol December 4, 2011 NTPTRACE(1)

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