MPITASK(1) LAM COMMANDS MPITASK(1)
mpitask - Monitor MPI processes under LAM.
mpitask [-cdh] [-gps] [nodes] [processes]
-c Print communicator descriptions. See "Communicators".
-d Print datatype descriptions. See "Datatypes".
-gps Print process information in GPS format.
-h Print useful information on this command.
The -c and -d options are mutually exclusive.
The mpitask command displays information on processes which are using MPI. One line is printed for each reported MPI process. With no
processes or nodes explicitly specified on the command line, all MPI processes on all nodes are reported.
TASK (G/L) FUNCTION PEER|ROOT TAG COMM COUNT DATATYPE
0/0 trivial Ssend 1/1 123 WORLD 64 INT
1/1 trivial Recv 0/0 456 WORLD 64 INT
For each process mpitask normally prints the following information:
TASK an identification of the process - If the process is currently communicating, a `/' followed by the process's rank within the
current communicator is also displayed. The executable name, if available, is also displayed. See "MPI Process Identification".
FUNCTION an abbreviated form of the function name if the process is blocked inside an MPI function - Otherwise one of the following execu-
tion states is printed:
running free to run on the underlying OS
paused blocked on lam_kpause(2)
stopped stopped by the LAM signal, LAM_SIGARREST - See doom(1).
blocked blocked in a LAM function - In general this should be a transitory state. Further information on a LAM process's state
can be obtained with state(1).
PEER|ROOT the source or destination of a point-to-point communication or the root process of certain collective communications, followed by
a '/' and the process's rank within the current communicator -
TAG the message tag, if any, which was specified as a parameter to the current MPI function
COMM the communicator ID, if any, which was specified as a parameter to the current MPI function - Communicators used in collective
calls are displayed with a * suffix. Further information on the communicator may be obtained with the -c option.
COUNT the element count, if any, which was specified as a parameter to the current MPI function
DATATYPE the element datatype, if any, which was specified as a parameter to the current MPI function - For intrinsic datatypes, a short-
ened version of the datatype name is displayed. For derived datatypes, a datatype label is displayed. Further information on
the datatype may be obtained with the -d option.
MPI Process Identification
By default, MPI processes are identified by their rank in MPI_COMM_WORLD. We refer to this rank more concisely as the "global" rank (G).
The rank within the currently employed communicator is referred to as the "local" rank (L).
Since processes may be dynamically spawned (see MPIL_Spawn(2)) and since multiple concurrent MPI applications are allowed, it is possible
for multiple MPI_COMM_WORLD communicators to coexist. In these situations, the global rank is no longer globally unique and the identifi-
cation is ambiguous. Thus, LAM provides an alternate way of identifying MPI processes, the GPS (Global Positioning System). A process's
GPS consists of the nodeid the process is running on and the process's LAM index on that node. It is displayed in mpitask as the pair nn-
ode,iindex. If the -gps option is given then the GPS is substituted for the global rank (G).
If the -c option is given then information is no longer displayed in the horizontal format described above. Instead for each selected
process currently using a communicator, the information from the TASK column, described above, is given followed by an expanded description
of the communicator. This description includes the size of the communicator group(s) and the global identifiers of all members of the
If the -d option is given then information is no longer displayed in the horizontal format described above. Instead for each selected
process currently using a communicator, the information from the TASK column, described above, is given followed by the datatype's type
Display the status of all MPI processes on all nodes.
mpitask -c n0 i9
Display the communicator (if any) of process index 9 on node 0.
If no MPI processes are found, only the title line is displayed.
Sometimes processes may be shown as blocked inside a non-blocking MPI function. This occurs when the process is blocked inside the MPI
function on some internal LAM event. Such states are highly transitory.
doom(1), libmpi(3), mpirun(1), mpimsg(1), state(1), MPIL_Comm_id(2), MPIL_Type_id(2)
LAM 7.1.4 July, 2007 MPITASK(1)