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mkdir(1) [freebsd man page]

MKDIR(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						  MKDIR(1)

mkdir -- make directories SYNOPSIS
mkdir [-pv] [-m mode] directory_name ... DESCRIPTION
The mkdir utility creates the directories named as operands, in the order specified, using mode ``rwxrwxrwx'' (0777) as modified by the cur- rent umask(2). The options are as follows: -m mode Set the file permission bits of the final created directory to the specified mode. The mode argument can be in any of the formats specified to the chmod(1) command. If a symbolic mode is specified, the operation characters '+' and '-' are interpreted relative to an initial mode of ``a=rwx''. -p Create intermediate directories as required. If this option is not specified, the full path prefix of each operand must already exist. On the other hand, with this option specified, no error will be reported if a directory given as an operand already exists. Intermediate directories are created with permission bits of ``rwxrwxrwx'' (0777) as modified by the current umask, plus write and search permission for the owner. -v Be verbose when creating directories, listing them as they are created. The user must have write permission in the parent directory. EXIT STATUS
The mkdir utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs. EXAMPLES
Create a directory named foobar: $ mkdir foobar Create a directory named foobar and set its file mode to 700: $ mkdir -m 700 foobar Create a directory named cow/horse/monkey, creating any non-existent intermediate directories as necessary: $ mkdir -p cow/horse/monkey COMPATIBILITY
The -v option is non-standard and its use in scripts is not recommended. SEE ALSO
rmdir(1) STANDARDS
The mkdir utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') compatible. HISTORY
A mkdir command appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX. BSD
March 15, 2013 BSD

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MKDIR(2)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							  MKDIR(2)

mkdir - create a directory SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/stat.h> #include <sys/types.h> int mkdir(const char *pathname, mode_t mode); DESCRIPTION
mkdir() attempts to create a directory named pathname. The argument mode specifies the permissions to use. It is modified by the process's umask in the usual way: the permissions of the created directory are (mode & ~umask & 0777). Other mode bits of the created directory depend on the operating system. For Linux, see below. The newly created directory will be owned by the effective user ID of the process. If the directory containing the file has the set-group- ID bit set, or if the file system is mounted with BSD group semantics (mount -o bsdgroups or, synonymously mount -o grpid), the new direc- tory will inherit the group ownership from its parent; otherwise it will be owned by the effective group ID of the process. If the parent directory has the set-group-ID bit set then so will the newly created directory. RETURN VALUE
mkdir() returns zero on success, or -1 if an error occurred (in which case, errno is set appropriately). ERRORS
EACCES The parent directory does not allow write permission to the process, or one of the directories in pathname did not allow search per- mission. (See also path_resolution(7).) EEXIST pathname already exists (not necessarily as a directory). This includes the case where pathname is a symbolic link, dangling or not. EFAULT pathname points outside your accessible address space. ELOOP Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving pathname. EMLINK The number of links to the parent directory would exceed LINK_MAX. ENAMETOOLONG pathname was too long. ENOENT A directory component in pathname does not exist or is a dangling symbolic link. ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available. ENOSPC The device containing pathname has no room for the new directory. ENOSPC The new directory cannot be created because the user's disk quota is exhausted. ENOTDIR A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in fact, a directory. EPERM The file system containing pathname does not support the creation of directories. EROFS pathname refers to a file on a read-only file system. CONFORMING TO
SVr4, BSD, POSIX.1-2001. NOTES
Under Linux apart from the permission bits, only the S_ISVTX mode bit is honored. That is, under Linux the created directory actually gets mode (mode & ~umask & 01777). See also stat(2). There are many infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS. Some of these affect mkdir(). SEE ALSO
mkdir(1), chmod(2), chown(2), mkdirat(2), mknod(2), mount(2), rmdir(2), stat(2), umask(2), unlink(2), path_resolution(7) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.27 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at Linux 2010-06-26 MKDIR(2)
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