LOGNAME(1) BSD General Commands Manual LOGNAME(1)NAME
logname -- display user's login name
The logname utility writes the user's login name to standard output followed by a newline.
The logname utility explicitly ignores the LOGNAME and USER environment variables because the environment cannot be trusted.
The logname utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
SEE ALSO who(1), whoami(1), getlogin(2)STANDARDS
The logname utility is expected to conform to IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'').
The logname command appeared in 4.4BSD.
BSD June 9, 1993 BSD
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LOGNAME(1P) POSIX Programmer's Manual LOGNAME(1P)PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond-
ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
logname - return the user's login name
The logname utility shall write the user's login name to standard output. The login name shall be the string that would be returned by the
getlogin() function defined in the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001. Under the conditions where the getlogin() function
would fail, the logname utility shall write a diagnostic message to standard error and exit with a non-zero exit status.
The following environment variables shall affect the execution of logname:
LANG Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of
IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the precedence of internationalization variables used to
determine the values of locale categories.)
LC_ALL If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other internationalization variables.
Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to
multi-byte characters in arguments).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error.
Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of LC_MESSAGES .
The logname utility output shall be a single line consisting of the user's login name:
", <login name>
The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.
The following exit values shall be returned:
0 Successful completion.
>0 An error occurred.
CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
The following sections are informative.
The logname utility explicitly ignores the LOGNAME environment variable because environment changes could produce erroneous results.
The passwd file is not listed as required because the implementation may have other means of mapping login names.
id, who, the System Interfaces volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, getlogin()
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol-
ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE
and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained
online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE /The Open Group 2003 LOGNAME(1P)