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file2c(1) [freebsd man page]

FILE2C(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						 FILE2C(1)

file2c -- convert file to c-source SYNOPSIS
file2c [-sx] [-n count] [prefix [suffix]] DESCRIPTION
The file2c utility reads a file from stdin and writes it to stdout, converting each byte to its decimal or hexadecimal representation on the fly. The byte values are separated by a comma. This also means that the last byte value is not followed by a comma. By default the byte values are printed in decimal, but when the -x option is given, the values will be printed in hexadecimal. When -s option is given, each line is printed with a leading tab and each comma is followed by a space except for the last one on the line. If more than 70 characters are printed on the same line, that line is ended and the output continues on the next line. With the -n option this can be made to happen after the specified number of byte values have been printed. The length of the line will not be considered any- more. To have all the byte values printed on the same line, give the -n option a negative number. A prefix and suffix strings can be printed before and after the byte values (resp.) If a suffix is to be printed, a prefix must also be specified. The first non-option word is the prefix, which may optionally be followed by a word that is to be used as the suffix. This program is typically used to embed binary files into C source files. The prefix is used to define an array type and the suffix is used to end the C statement. The -n, -s and -x options are useful when the binary data represents a bitmap and the output needs to remain read- able and/or editable. Fonts, for example, are a good example of this. EXAMPLES
The command: date | file2c 'const char date[] = {' ',0};' will produce: const char date[] = { 83,97,116,32,74,97,110,32,50,56,32,49,54,58,50,56,58,48,53, 32,80,83,84,32,49,57,57,53,10 ,0}; BSD
March 22, 2007 BSD

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OD(1)								   User Commands							     OD(1)

od - dump files in octal and other formats SYNOPSIS
od [OPTION]... [FILE]... od [-abcdfilosx]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b]] od --traditional [OPTION]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b] [+][LABEL][.][b]] DESCRIPTION
Write an unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE to standard output. With more than one FILE argument, concatenate them in the listed order to form the input. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input. All arguments to long options are mandatory for short options. -A, --address-radix=RADIX decide how file offsets are printed -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES skip BYTES input bytes first -N, --read-bytes=BYTES limit dump to BYTES input bytes -S, --strings[=BYTES] output strings of at least BYTES graphic chars -t, --format=TYPE select output format or formats -v, --output-duplicates do not use * to mark line suppression -w, --width[=BYTES] output BYTES bytes per output line --traditional accept arguments in traditional form --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit Traditional format specifications may be intermixed; they accumulate: -a same as -t a, select named characters, ignoring high-order bit -b same as -t o1, select octal bytes -c same as -t c, select ASCII characters or backslash escapes -d same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal 2-byte units -f same as -t fF, select floats -i same as -t dI, select decimal ints -l same as -t dL, select decimal longs -o same as -t o2, select octal 2-byte units -s same as -t d2, select decimal 2-byte units -x same as -t x2, select hexadecimal 2-byte units If first and second call formats both apply, the second format is assumed if the last operand begins with + or (if there are 2 operands) a digit. An OFFSET operand means -j OFFSET. LABEL is the pseudo-address at first byte printed, incremented when dump is progressing. For OFFSET and LABEL, a 0x or 0X prefix indicates hexadecimal; suffixes may be . for octal and b for multiply by 512. TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications: a named character, ignoring high-order bit c ASCII character or backslash escape d[SIZE] signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer f[SIZE] floating point, SIZE bytes per integer o[SIZE] octal, SIZE bytes per integer u[SIZE] unsigned decimal, SIZE bytes per integer x[SIZE] hexadecimal, SIZE bytes per integer SIZE is a number. For TYPE in doux, SIZE may also be C for sizeof(char), S for sizeof(short), I for sizeof(int) or L for sizeof(long). If TYPE is f, SIZE may also be F for sizeof(float), D for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double). RADIX is d for decimal, o for octal, x for hexadecimal or n for none. BYTES is hexadecimal with 0x or 0X prefix, and may have a multiplier suffix: b 512, kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, GB 1000*1000*1000, G 1024*1024*1024, and so on for T, P, E, Z, Y. Adding a z suffix to any type displays printable characters at the end of each output line. Option --string without a number implies 3; option --width without a number implies 32. By default, od uses -A o -t oS -w16. AUTHOR
Written by Jim Meyering. REPORTING BUGS
Report od bugs to GNU coreutils home page: <> General help using GNU software: <> Report od translation bugs to <> COPYRIGHT
Copyright (C) 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. SEE ALSO
The full documentation for od is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and od programs are properly installed at your site, the com- mand info coreutils 'od invocation' should give you access to the complete manual. GNU coreutils 8.12.197-032bb September 2011 OD(1)
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