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pwauth(8) [debian man page]

PWAUTH(8)						      System Manager's Manual							 PWAUTH(8)

NAME
pwauth - authenticator for mod_authnz_external and the Apache HTTP Daemon SYNOPSIS
pwauth DESCRIPTION
Pwauth is an authenticator designed to be used with mod_auth_external or mod_authnz_external and the Apache HTTP Daemon to support reason- ably secure web authentication out of the system password database on most versions of Unix. Particulary - secure authentication against PAM. The simplest test pwauth is to start a root shell and just run pwauth. It will attempt to read the login and password from standard input, so type a login name, hit return, then type a password, and hit return (the password will echo on your screen). The check the status code that was returned (in csh: "echo $status" in sh: "echo $?"). If the login/password were correct you should get a zero status code. If not, you will get some other value. See below the list of status codes to find the meaning of the various values returned. Any values 50 or greater indicate a configuration error. STATUS CODES
0 STATUS_OK Login OK. 1 STATUS_UNKNOWN Nonexistant login or (for some configurations) incorrect password. 2 STATUS_INVALID Incorrect password (for some configurations). 3 STATUS_BLOCKED Uid number is below MIN_UNIX_UID value configured in config.h. 4 STATUS_EXPIRED Login ID has expired. 5 STATUS_PW_EXPIRED Login's password has expired. 6 SSTATUS_NOLOGIN Logins to system have been turned off (usually by /etc/nologin file). 7 STATUS_MANYFAILES Limit on number of bad logins exceeded. 50 STATUS_INT_USER pwauth was invoked by a uid not on the SERVER_UIDS list. If you get this error code, you probably have SERVER_UIDS set incorrectly in pwauth's config.h file. 51 STATUS_INT_ARGS pwauth was not given a login & password to check. The means the passing of data from mod_auth_external to pwauth is messed up. Most likely one is trying to pass data via environment variables, while the other is trying to pass data via a pipe. 52 STATUS_INT_ERR one of several rare and unlikely internal errors occurred. You'll have to read the source code to figure these out. 53 STATUS_INT_NOROOT pwauth was not able to read the password database. Usually this means it is not running as root. (PAM and login.conf configurations will return 1 in this case.) AUTHOR
pwauth was written by Jan Wolter <jan@unixpapa.com>. This manual page was written by Hai Zaar <haizaar@haizaar.com>, for the Debian project (but may be used by others). 2009-05-02 PWAUTH(8)

Check Out this Related Man Page

su(1)							      General Commands Manual							     su(1)

Name
       su - substitute a user ID

Syntax
       su [username]

       su - [username]

       su -f [username]

Description
       The  command  requests the password of the specified username.  If the correct password is given, changes to that username without changing
       the current directory.  The user environment is unchanged except for HOME and SHELL which are taken from the password file entry for  user-
       name.   The  shell  that  is  run  is also taken from the password file entry for username.  The new user ID stays in force until the shell
       exits.

       If no username is specified, `root' is assumed.	To remind the superuser of his responsibilities, the shell substitutes `#' for	its  usual
       prompt.

Options
       -f   Prevents from executing the .cshrc file, making start up faster.

       -    Simulates a full login.

Diagnostics
       Sorry
	    An invalid password was supplied for the specified username.

       Unknown login: username
	    The specified username was not found in the passwd database.

       No directory
	    The home directory for the username is not accessible at this time (only with ``-'' argument).

       No shell
	    The shell specified in the passwd database entry for username could not be executed.

       Kerberos initialization failure
	    Consult your system administrator.

       If enhanced security features are enabled the following error messages are also possible:

       Requires secure terminal
	    Attempt to su to UID 0 on a line that is not marked secure in

       User's password has expired
	    Access is denied because the password for username is expired.

       This account is disabled
	    Access is denied because the auth entry corresponding to username is marked disabled.

Files
       Log file of anyone who became
			root, with a date mark.

See Also
       csh(1), sh(1), passwd(5yp), environ(7), edauth(8)
       Security Guide for Administrators
       Security Guide for Users

																	     su(1)
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