Home Man
Today's Posts

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:
Select Section of Man Page:
Select Man Page Repository:

Debian 7.7 - man page for netplan (debian section 8)

NETPLAN(8)									       NETPLAN(8)

       netplan - IP server for plan(1) appointment lists

       netplan [-f] [-d] [-v] [-a]

       netplan	is  an	IP server that serves calendar data to plan(1) programs. It maintains the
       /var/lib/plan/netplan.dir directory, that contains calendar files and an access list file.
       plan users can name files and hosts in their file list dialog, which causes plan to estab-
       lish a connection to netplan on the given host and request data from  the  file.   netplan
       handles	multiple  connections  to  the same file, sequences updates to files such that no
       data can be lost if multiple simultaneous updates are requested,  and  notifies	connected
       plan programs of changes so they can update their displays.

       -f     Runs in the foreground. This is useful for debugging.

       -d     Debug  mode.  This  implies  -f. All connections and transactions are logged to the
	      terminal. Among other things, the program version and file locations are printed.

       -v     Verbose. Together with -d, the verbosity	of  the  log  messages	is  increased  to
	      include data requests. this can generate large numbers of messages.

       -a     Authentication  via  IDENTD  (RFC 1413) is mandatory.  If authentication fails, map
	      the client to UID/GID NOBODY. Use this only if all connecting client hosts (running
	      plan or pland ) support the identd authentication service (you can find out by run-
	      ning ``telnet clienthost 113''; if telnet reports ``Connected'' type Ctrl-D, clien-
	      thost  support identd). If a client host that does not support identd connects to a
	      netplan server run with -a, it will have no or restricted access. Also, if you  use
	      -a, you must have a netplan-acl file or no access is granted to anybody; see below.

       All  files  accessible  to  netplan are stored in the /var/lib/plan/netplan.dir directory.
       netplan will not access any files that are not in this directory or in  subdirectories  of
       this  directory.  It  will  also  refuse  to access softlinks and files with multiple hard
       links. This prevents users from linking normally inaccessible  files  to  netplan.dir  and
       accessing them through netplan .  Finally, files beginning with a dot are rejected to pre-
       vent access to netplan-acl and other future configuration files.

       /etc/plan/ may also contain a file netplan-acl that controls which user can  access  which
       file.  If  the file is missing, no restrictions are imposed unless netplan is started with
       the -a option, in which case no access to any file is granted. The syntax for  netplan-acl
       file is a sequence of rules like this:

	   name | owner | * : [permit | deny] [read] [write] [delete]
			      [netmask n.n.n.n]
			      [[user | group | host] data [data...]]

       name  is  the file the rule applies to; an asterisk (*) applies to all files.  The special
       name owner applies to the file by the name of current user, containing that user's ``own''

       Permit  is the default. If none of read, write, or delete are specified, all three are the
       default. The  netmask  applies  to  the	client's  IP  address.	The  default  netmask  is  data is one or more user names or numerical UIDs, group names or numeri-
       cal GIDs, or host names or numerical n.n.n.n  IP  addresses  for  user,	group,	and  host
       clauses,  respectively.	In  user clauses, values of the form user@host are also accepted.
       Symbolic names will be looked up on the server host (where netplan is running) and will be
       converted  to  numerical  values  while	the ACL file is read. This assumes that all hosts
       agree on symbolic and numeric user, group, and host IDs; the plan/netplan protocol  always
       uses  numerical	IDs  and  assumes that they correspond to the same symbolic names on both
       hosts. If no user, group, or host keyword and data  list  is  specified,  the  meaning  is

       Trailing  n=0 IP address components are not assumed to denote nets; use the netmask speci-
       fier for subnet masking. All whitespace is ignored.

       Pound signs (#) introduce comments that extend to the end of the line.

       For example,

	   *: permit read
	   *: permit write host daphne
	   vacation: permit write user 207
	   thomas: deny user *
	   thomas: permit read write delete user 207 208
	   announce: permit write netmask host

       first permits reading all files to everybody, and restricts write access to users on  host
       daphne.	The third line permits write access to the file vacation to user 207, in addition
       to the read access permitted in lines 1-2.  Next, read and write access for file thomas is
       granted	to users 207 and 208 only. Finally, the file announce can be written by all users
       on hosts whose network address begins  with  10.0.1.  Trailing  ".0"  parts  need  not  be
       entered.  The  netmask  basically specifies which bits of the client address are compared;
       all addresses are binary-ANDed with the netmask before comparison.

       When opening a file, the rules are scanned sequentially. All rules whose file part (before
       the colon) matches the opened file, set or clear permission flags for reading and writing,
       based on the identity of the plan client as given by  his  user	ID,  group  IDs,  and  IP
       address.  The  final settings of these flags determine the permissions of the file for the
       client.	The final permission setting is the AND result of the permissions derived for the
       host/netmask, and user/group part, respectively.

       netplan	tries to verify the identity of the client user with the IDENTD (RFC 1413) proto-
       col.  If the identification succeeds, the client username is mapped to UID  and	GIDs  per
       the local passwd and group files on the server host.  If RFC 1413 identification is unsuc-
       cessful, netplan trusts the (numerical) identity provided by the client.

       If the -a option is given on the invocation of netplan, RFC  1413  identification  becomes
       mandatory, and a failed identification will map the client to the NOBODY UID and GID.

       Note that although the ACL syntax was roughly patterned after TIS fwtk firewall configura-
       tion files, the code and interpretation is rather different.

       netplan trusts IP addresses to  determine  host	(network)  access  restrictions.   If  IP
       addresses cannot be trusted, host access restrictions become meaningless.

       Without	RFC  1413  authetication, netplan trusts whatever user id and group id the client
       provides.   If netplan is used through the regular plan front-end application, the  access
       list file specifications are honored, but any half-witted programmer can fake his identity
       using telnet or a hacked version of plan (the sources are, after all, freely available) to
       circumvent the access restrictions.

       If  RFC	1413  authentication  is  mandatory  (-a flag), netplan still trusts whatever the
       remote identd provides.	If you cannot trust root on the remote host, you cannot trust the
       identd  result.	 (And  if you cannot trust IP addresses, you effectively cannot trust the
       remote root any more.)

       In this version of netplan, no challenge-response encryption is used to	guarantee  secure
       transactions.   This  may  or  may  not change in future versions. In this version, access
       lists provide only a moderate protection.

       The location for /etc/plan/netplan-acl is specific to Debian  GNU/Linux.   For  compliance
       with  FSSTND/FHS,  it  has  been  moved	there  from  its  traditional  /var/lib/plan/net-
       plan.dir/.netplan-acl location.	The program  still  accesses  that  file  via  a  symlink
       located at the traditional location.


       Thomas Driemeyer <thomas@bitrot.de>

       Please  send  all  complaints,  comments, bug fixes, and porting experiences to me. Always
       include your plan version as reported by "plan -v" in your mail.  To be added to the mail-
       ing  list,  send  mail  to majordomo@bitrot.de with the line "subscribe plan" (without the
       quotes) in the message body (not the subject).

       See http://www.bitrot.de/plan.html for new releases.


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 03:53 AM.

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 03:53 AM.

Unix & Linux Forums Content Copyrightę1993-2018. All Rights Reserved.
Show Password