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mii-tool(8) [debian man page]

MII-TOOL(8)						      System Manager's Manual						       MII-TOOL(8)

NAME
mii-tool - view, manipulate media-independent interface status SYNOPSIS
mii-tool [-v, --verbose] [-V, --version] [-R, --reset] [-r, --restart] [-w, --watch] [-l, --log] [-A, --advertise=media,...] [-F, --force=media] [interface ...] DESCRIPTION
This utility checks or sets the status of a network interface's Media Independent Interface (MII) unit. Most fast ethernet adapters use an MII to autonegotiate link speed and duplex setting. Most intelligent network devices use an autonegotiation protocol to communicate what media technologies they support, and then select the fastest mutually supported media technology. The -A or --advertise options can be used to tell the MII to only advertise a subset of its capabilities. Some passive devices, such as single-speed hubs, are unable to autonegotiate. To handle such devices, the MII protocol also allows for establishing a link by simply detecting either a 10baseT or 100baseT link beat. The -F or --force options can be used to force the MII to operate in one mode, instead of autonegotiating. The -A and -F options are mutually exclusive. The default short output reports the negotiated link speed and link status for each interface. If an interface or interfaces are not spec- ified on the command line, then mii-tool will check any available interfaces from eth0 through eth7. OPTIONS
-v, --verbose Display more detailed MII status information. If used twice, also display raw MII register contents. -V, --version Display program version information. -R, --reset Reset the MII to its default configuration. -r, --restart Restart autonegotiation. -w, --watch Watch interface(s) and report changes in link status. The MII interfaces are polled at one second intervals. -l, --log Used with -w, records link status changes in the system log instead of printing on standard output. -F media, --force=media Disable autonegotiation, and force the MII to either 100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, or 10baseT-HD operation. -A media,..., --advertise=media,... Enable and restart autonegotiation, and advertise only the specified media technologies. Multiple technologies should be separated by commas. Valid media are 100baseT4, 100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT-FD, and 10baseT-HD. DIAGNOSTICS
SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: Invalid argument If the interface is not running (up), kernel will refuse to report its link state. SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: Operation not permitted Most kernels restrict access to root. SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: No such device This error is shown, if the kernel does not know about the named device. SIOCGMIIPHY on 'eth?' failed: Operation not supported The interface in question does not support MII queries. Most likely, it does not have MII transceivers, at all. AUTHORS
David Hinds - dhinds@pcmcia.sourceforge.org Donald Becker - becker@scyld.com Bernd Eckenfels - ecki@debian.org net-tools 2004/03/28 23:30:00 MII-TOOL(8)

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MII-DIAG(8)						      System Manager's Manual						       MII-DIAG(8)

NAME
mii-diag - Network adapter control and monitoring SYNOPSIS
mii-diag [options]<interface> DESCRIPTION
This manual page documents briefly the mii-diag network adapter control and monitoring command. Addition documentation is available from http://scyld.com/diag/index.html. This mii-diag command configures, controls and monitors the transceiver management registers for network interfaces, and configures driver operational parameters. For transceiver control mii-diag uses the Media Independent Interface (MII) standard (thus the command name). It also has additional Linux-specific controls to communicate parameters such as message enable settings and buffer sizes to the underlying device driver. The MII standard defines registers that control and report network transceiver capabilities, link settings and errors. Examples are link speed, duplex, capabilities advertised to the link partner, status LED indications and link error counters. OPTIONS
The mii-diag command supports both single character and long option names. Short options use a single dash ('-') in front of the option character. For options without parameters, multiple options may be concatenated after a single dash. Long options are prefixed by two dashes ('--'), and may be abbreviated with a unique prefix. A long option may take a parameter of the form --arg=param or --arg param. A summary of options is as follows. -A, --advertise <speed|setting> -F, --fixed-speed <speed|setting> Speed is one of: 100baseT4, 100baseTx, 100baseTx-FD, 100baseTx-HD, 10baseT, 10baseT-FD, 10baseT-HD. For more precise control an explicit numeric register setting is also allowed. -a, --all-interfaces Show the status of all interfaces. This option is not recommended with any other option, especially ones that change settings. -s,--status Return exit status 2 if there is no link beat. -D Increase the debugging level. This may be used to understand the actions the command is taking. -g, --read-parameters Show driver-specific parameters. -G, --set-parameters value[,value...] Set driver-specific parameters. Set a adapter-specific parameters. Parameters are comma separated, with missing elements retaining the existing value. -v Increase the verbosity level. Additional "-v" options increase the level further. -V Show the program version information. -w, --watch Continuously monitor the transceiver and report changes. -? Emit usage information. DESCRIPTION
Calling the command with just the interface name (which defaults to capabilities, configuration and current status. The '--monitor' option allows scripting link beat changes. This option is similar to --watch, but with lower overhead and simplified output. It polls the interface only once a second and the output format is a single line per link change with three fixed words <unknown|down||negotiating|up> <STATUS> <PARTNER-CAP> Example output: mii-diag --monitor eth0 down 0x7809 0x0000 negotiating 0x7829 0x45e1 up 0x782d 0x45e1 down 0x7809 0x0000 This may be used as mii-diag --monitor eth0 | while read linkstatus bmsr linkpar; do case $linkstatus in up) ifup eth0 ;; down) ifdown eth0 ;; esac done It may be useful to shorten the DHCP client daemon timeout if it does not receive an address by adding the following setting to /etc/sysconfig/network: DHCPCDARGS="-t 3" SEE ALSO
ether-wake(8),net-diag(8),mii-tool(8). Addition documentation is available from http://scyld.com/diag/index.html. KNOWN BUGS
The --all-interfaces option is quirky. There are very few settings that are usefully applied to all interfaces. AUTHOR
The manual pages, diagnostic commands, and many of the underlying Linux network drivers were written by Donald Becker for the Scyld Beowulf(tm) cluster system. Scyld Beowulf September 9, 2003 MII-DIAG(8)

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