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catalyst::authentication::credential::http(3pm) [debian man page]

Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::HTTP(3pm) 	User Contributed Perl Documentation	   Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::HTTP(3pm)

NAME
Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::HTTP - HTTP Basic and Digest authentication for Catalyst. SYNOPSIS
use Catalyst qw/ Authentication /; __PACKAGE__->config( authentication => { default_realm => 'example', realms => { example => { credential => { class => 'HTTP', type => 'any', # or 'digest' or 'basic' password_type => 'clear', password_field => 'password' }, store => { class => 'Minimal', users => { Mufasa => { password => "Circle Of Life", }, }, }, }, } }); sub foo : Local { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; $c->authenticate({ realm => "example" }); # either user gets authenticated or 401 is sent # Note that the authentication realm sent to the client (in the # RFC 2617 sense) is overridden here, but this *does not* # effect the Catalyst::Authentication::Realm used for # authentication - to do that, you need # $c->authenticate({}, 'otherrealm') do_stuff(); } sub always_auth : Local { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; # Force authorization headers onto the response so that the user # is asked again for authentication, even if they successfully # authenticated. my $realm = $c->get_auth_realm('example'); $realm->credential->authorization_required_response($c, $realm); } # with ACL plugin __PACKAGE__->deny_access_unless("/path", sub { $_[0]->authenticate }); DESCRIPTION
This module lets you use HTTP authentication with Catalyst::Plugin::Authentication. Both basic and digest authentication are currently supported. When authentication is required, this module sets a status of 401, and the body of the response to 'Authorization required.'. To override this and set your own content, check for the "$c->res->status == 401" in your "end" action, and change the body accordingly. TERMS Nonce A nonce is a one-time value sent with each digest authentication request header. The value must always be unique, so per default the last value of the nonce is kept using Catalyst::Plugin::Cache. To change this behaviour, override the "store_digest_authorization_nonce" and "get_digest_authorization_nonce" methods as shown below. METHODS
new $config, $c, $realm Simple constructor. init Validates that $config is ok. authenticate $c, $realm, \%auth_info Tries to authenticate the user, and if that fails calls "authorization_required_response" and detaches the current action call stack. Looks inside "$c->request->headers" and processes the digest and basic (badly named) authorization header. This will only try the methods set in the configuration. First digest, then basic. The %auth_info hash can contain a number of keys which control the authentication behaviour: realm Sets the HTTP authentication realm presented to the client. Note this does not alter the Catalyst::Authentication::Realm object used for the authentication. domain Array reference to domains used to build the authorization headers. This list of domains defines the protection space. If a domain URI is an absolute path (starts with /), it is relative to the root URL of the server being accessed. An absolute URI in this list may refer to a different server than the one being accessed. The client will use this list to determine the set of URIs for which the same authentication information may be sent. If this is omitted or its value is empty, the client will assume that the protection space consists of all URIs on the responding server. Therefore, if your application is not hosted at the root of this domain, and you want to prevent the authentication credentials for this application being sent to any other applications. then you should use the use_uri_for configuration option, and pass a domain of /. authenticate_basic $c, $realm, \%auth_info Performs HTTP basic authentication. authenticate_digest $c, $realm, \%auth_info Performs HTTP digest authentication. The password_type must be clear for digest authentication to succeed. If you do not want to store your user passwords as clear text, you may instead store the MD5 digest in hex of the string '$username:$realm:$password'. Catalyst::Plugin::Cache is used for persistent storage of the nonce values (see "Nonce"). It must be loaded in your application, unless you override the "store_digest_authorization_nonce" and "get_digest_authorization_nonce" methods as shown below. Takes an additional parameter of algorithm, the possible values of which are 'MD5' (the default) and 'MD5-sess'. For more information about 'MD5-sess', see section 3.2.2.2 in RFC 2617. authorization_required_response $c, $realm, \%auth_info Sets "$c->response" to the correct status code, and adds the correct header to demand authentication data from the user agent. Typically used by "authenticate", but may be invoked manually. %opts can contain "domain" and "algorithm", which are used to build %the digest header. store_digest_authorization_nonce $c, $key, $nonce get_digest_authorization_nonce $c, $key Set or get the $nonce object used by the digest auth mode. You may override these methods. By default they will call "get" and "set" on "$c->cache". authentication_failed Sets the 401 response and calls "$ctx->detach". CONFIGURATION
All configuration is stored in "YourApp->config('Plugin::Authentication' => { yourrealm => { credential => { class => 'HTTP', %config } } }". This should be a hash, and it can contain the following entries: type Can be either "any" (the default), "basic" or "digest". This controls "authorization_required_response" and "authenticate", but not the "manual" methods. authorization_required_message Set this to a string to override the default body content "Authorization required.", or set to undef to suppress body content being generated. password_type The type of password returned by the user object. Same usage as in Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::Password password_field The name of accessor used to retrieve the value of the password field from the user object. Same usage as in Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::Password username_field The field name that the user's username is mapped into when finding the user from the realm. Defaults to 'username'. use_uri_for If this configuration key has a true value, then the domain(s) for the authorization header will be run through $c->uri_for(). Use this configuration option if your application is not running at the root of your domain, and you want to ensure that authentication credentials from your application are not shared with other applications on the same server. require_ssl If this configuration key has a true value then authentication will be denied (and a 401 issued in normal circumstances) unless the request is via https. no_unprompted_authorization_required Causes authentication to fail as normal modules do, without calling "$c->detach". This means that the basic auth credential can be used as part of the progressive realm. However use like this is probably not optimum it also means that users in browsers ill never get a HTTP authenticate dialogue box (unless you manually return a 410 response in your application), and even some automated user agents (for APIs) will not send the Authorization header without specific manipulation of the request headers. RESTRICTIONS
When using digest authentication, this module will only work together with authentication stores whose User objects have a "password" method that returns the plain-text password. It will not work together with Catalyst::Authentication::Store::Htpasswd, or Catalyst::Authentication::Store::DBIC stores whose "password" methods return a hashed or salted version of the password. AUTHORS
Updated to current name space and currently maintained by: Tomas Doran "bobtfish@bobtfish.net". Original module by: Yuval Kogman, "nothingmuch@woobling.org" Jess Robinson Sascha Kiefer "esskar@cpan.org" CONTRIBUTORS
Patches contributed by: Peter Corlett Devin Austin (dhoss) "dhoss@cpan.org" SEE ALSO
RFC 2617 (or its successors), Catalyst::Plugin::Cache, Catalyst::Plugin::Authentication COPYRIGHT &; LICENSE Copyright (c) 2005-2008 the aforementioned authors. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. perl v5.14.2 2012-02-05 Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::HTTP(3pm)
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