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bio::locatableseq(3pm) [debian man page]

Bio::LocatableSeq(3pm)					User Contributed Perl Documentation				    Bio::LocatableSeq(3pm)

NAME
Bio::LocatableSeq - A Bio::PrimarySeq object with start/end points on it that can be projected into a MSA or have coordinates relative to another seq. SYNOPSIS
use Bio::LocatableSeq; my $seq = Bio::LocatableSeq->new(-seq => "CAGT-GGT", -id => "seq1", -start => 1, -end => 7); # a normal sequence object $locseq->seq(); $locseq->id(); # has start,end points $locseq->start(); $locseq->end(); # inherits off RangeI, so range operations possible DESCRIPTION
The LocatableSeq sequence object was developed mainly because the SimpleAlign object requires this functionality, and in the rewrite of the Sequence object we had to decide what to do with this. It is, to be honest, not well integrated with the rest of bioperl. For example, the trunc() function does not return a LocatableSeq object, as some might have thought. Also, the sequence is not a Bio::SeqI, so the location is simply inherited from Bio::RangeI and is not stored in a Bio::Location. There are all sorts of nasty gotcha's about interactions between coordinate systems when these sort of objects are used. Some mapping now occurs to deal with HSP data, however it can probably be integrated in better and most methods do not implement it correctly yet. Also, several PrimarySeqI methods (subseq(), trunc(), etc.) do not behave as expected and must be used with care. Due to this, LocatableSeq functionality is to be refactored in a future BioPerl release. However, for alignment functionality it works adequately for the time being FEEDBACK
Mailing Lists User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to one of the Bioperl mailing lists. Your participation is much appreciated. bioperl-l@bioperl.org - General discussion http://bioperl.org/wiki/Mailing_lists - About the mailing lists Support Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list: bioperl-l@bioperl.org rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem with code and data examples if at all possible. Reporting Bugs Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the web: https://redmine.open-bio.org/projects/bioperl/ APPENDIX
The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _ start Title : start Usage : $obj->start($newval) Function: Get/set the 1-based start position of this sequence in the original sequence. '0' means before the original sequence starts. Returns : value of start Args : newvalue (optional) end Title : end Usage : $obj->end($newval) Function: Get/set the 1-based end position of this sequence in the original sequence. '0' means before the original sequence starts. Returns : value of end Args : newvalue (optional) Note : although this is a get/set, it checks passed values against the calculated end point ( derived from the sequence and based on $GAP_SYMBOLS and possible frameshifts() ). If there is no match, it will warn and set the proper value. Probably best used for debugging proper sequence calculations. strand Title : strand Usage : $obj->strand($newval) Function: return or set the strandedness Returns : the value of the strandedness (-1, 0 or 1) Args : the value of the strandedness (-1, 0 or 1) mapping Title : mapping Usage : $obj->mapping($newval) Function: return or set the mapping indices (indicates # symbols/positions in the source string mapping to # of coordinate positions) Returns : two-element array (# symbols => # coordinate pos) Args : two elements (# symbols => # coordinate pos); this can also be passed in as an array reference of the two elements (as might be passed upon Bio::LocatableSeq instantiation, for instance). frameshifts Title : frameshifts Usage : $obj->frameshifts($newval) Function: get/set the frameshift hash, which contains sequence positions as keys and the shift (-2, -1, 1, 2) as the value Returns : hash Args : hash or hash reference get_nse Title : get_nse Usage : Function: read-only name of form id/start-end Example : Returns : Args : force_nse Title : force_nse Usage : $ls->force_nse() Function: Boolean which forces get_nse() to build an NSE, regardless of whether id(), start(), or end() is set Returns : Boolean value Args : (optional) Boolean (1 or 0) Note : This will convert any passed value evaluating as TRUE/FALSE to 1/0 respectively num_gaps Title : num_gaps Usage :$self->num_gaps('.') Function:Gets number of gaps in the sequence. The count excludes leading or trailing gap characters. Valid bioperl sequence characters are [A-Za-z-.*]. Of these, '.' and '-' are counted as gap characters unless an optional argument specifies one of them. Returns : number of internal gaps in the sequence. Args : a gap character (optional) Status : Stable Note : replaces no_gaps column_from_residue_number Title : column_from_residue_number Usage : $col = $seq->column_from_residue_number($resnumber) Function: This function gives the position in the alignment (i.e. column number) of the given residue number in the sequence. For example, for the sequence Seq1/91-97 AC..DEF.GH column_from_residue_number(94) returns 6. An exception is thrown if the residue number would lie outside the length of the aligment (e.g. column_from_residue_number( "Seq2", 22 ) Returns : A column number for the position of the given residue in the given sequence (1 = first column) Args : A residue number in the whole sequence (not just that segment of it in the alignment) location_from_column Title : location_from_column Usage : $loc = $ali->location_from_column($column_number) Function: This function gives the residue number for a given position in the alignment (i.e. column number) of the given. Gaps complicate this process and force the output to be a L<Bio::Location::Simple> where values can be undefined. For example, for the sequence: Seq/91-96 .AC..DEF.G. location_from_column( 3 ) position 92 location_from_column( 4 ) position 92^93 location_from_column( 9 ) position 95^96 location_from_column( 1 ) position undef An exact position returns a Bio::Location::Simple object where where location_type() returns 'EXACT', if a position is between bases location_type() returns 'IN-BETWEEN'. Column before the first residue returns undef. Note that if the position is after the last residue in the alignment, that there is no guarantee that the original sequence has residues after that position. An exception is thrown if the column number is not within the sequence. Returns : Bio::Location::Simple or undef Args : A column number Throws : If column is not within the sequence See Bio::Location::Simple for more. revcom Title : revcom Usage : $rev = $seq->revcom() Function: Produces a new Bio::LocatableSeq object which has the reversed complement of the sequence. For protein sequences this throws an exception of "Sequence is a protein. Cannot revcom" Returns : A new Bio::LocatableSeq object Args : none trunc Title : trunc Usage : $subseq = $myseq->trunc(10,100); Function: Provides a truncation of a sequence, Example : Returns : a fresh Bio::PrimarySeqI implementing object Args : Two integers denoting first and last columns of the sequence to be included into sub-sequence. validate_seq Title : validate_seq Usage : if(! $seq->validate_seq($seq_str) ) { print "sequence $seq_str is not valid for an object of alphabet ",$seq->alphabet, " "; } Function: Validates a given sequence string. A validating sequence string must be accepted by seq(). A string that does not validate will lead to an exception if passed to seq(). The implementation provided here does not take alphabet() into account. Allowed are all letters (A-Z), numbers [0-9] and common symbols used for gaps, stop codons, unknown residues, and frameshifts, including '-','.','*','?','=',and '~'. Example : Returns : 1 if the supplied sequence string is valid for the object, and 0 otherwise. Args : The sequence string to be validated. no_gap Title : no_gaps Usage : $self->no_gaps('.') Function : Gets number of gaps in the sequence. The count excludes leading or trailing gap characters. Valid bioperl sequence characters are [A-Za-z-.*]. Of these, '.' and '-' are counted as gap characters unless an optional argument specifies one of them. Returns : number of internal gaps in the sequence. Args : a gap character (optional) Status : Deprecated (in favor of num_gaps()) no_sequences Title : no_sequences Usage : $gaps = $seq->no_sequences Function : number of sequence in the sequence alignment Returns : integer Argument : Status : Deprecated (in favor of num_sequences()) perl v5.14.2 2012-03-02 Bio::LocatableSeq(3pm)
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