Visit Our UNIX and Linux User Community

Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #335
Difficulty: Easy
Linus Torrent is the creator of the Linux kernel, which went on to be used in Linux, Android, and Chrome OS.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

tmpnam(3) [debian man page]

TMPNAM(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 TMPNAM(3)

NAME
tmpnam, tmpnam_r - create a name for a temporary file SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> char *tmpnam(char *s); DESCRIPTION
The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a string that is a valid filename, and such that a file with this name did not exist at some point in time, so that naive programmers may think it a suitable name for a temporary file. If the argument s is NULL this name is gener- ated in an internal static buffer and may be overwritten by the next call to tmpnam(). If s is not NULL, the name is copied to the charac- ter array (of length at least L_tmpnam) pointed to by s and the value s is returned in case of success. The pathname that is created, has a directory prefix P_tmpdir. (Both L_tmpnam and P_tmpdir are defined in <stdio.h>, just like the TMP_MAX mentioned below.) RETURN VALUE
The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a unique temporary filename, or NULL if a unique name cannot be generated. ERRORS
No errors are defined. CONFORMING TO
SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001. POSIX.1-2008 marks tmpnam() as obsolete. NOTES
The tmpnam() function generates a different string each time it is called, up to TMP_MAX times. If it is called more than TMP_MAX times, the behavior is implementation defined. Although tmpnam() generates names that are difficult to guess, it is nevertheless possible that between the time that tmpnam() returns a pathname, and the time that the program opens it, another program might create that pathname using open(2), or create it as a symbolic link. This can lead to security holes. To avoid such possibilities, use the open(2) O_EXCL flag to open the pathname. Or better yet, use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3). Portable applications that use threads cannot call tmpnam() with a NULL argument if either _POSIX_THREADS or _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS is defined. A POSIX draft proposed to use a function tmpnam_r() defined by char * tmpnam_r(char *s) { return s ? tmpnam(s) : NULL; } apparently as a warning not to use NULL. A few systems implement it. To get a glibc prototype for this function from <stdio.h>, define _SVID_SOURCE or _BSD_SOURCE (before including any header file). BUGS
Never use this function. Use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3) instead. SEE ALSO
mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.44 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2010-09-10 TMPNAM(3)

Check Out this Related Man Page

TMPNAM(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 TMPNAM(3)

NAME
tmpnam, tmpnam_r - create a name for a temporary file SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> char *tmpnam(char *s); DESCRIPTION
The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a string that is a valid filename, and such that a file with this name did not exist at some point in time, so that naive programmers may think it a suitable name for a temporary file. If the argument s is NULL this name is gener- ated in an internal static buffer and may be overwritten by the next call to tmpnam(). If s is not NULL, the name is copied to the charac- ter array (of length at least L_tmpnam) pointed to by s and the value s is returned in case of success. The pathname that is created, has a directory prefix P_tmpdir. (Both L_tmpnam and P_tmpdir are defined in <stdio.h>, just like the TMP_MAX mentioned below.) RETURN VALUE
The tmpnam() function returns a pointer to a unique temporary filename, or NULL if a unique name cannot be generated. ERRORS
No errors are defined. ATTRIBUTES
Multithreading (see pthreads(7)) The tmpnam() function is thread-safe with exceptions. It is not thread-safe if called with a NULL parameter. The tmpnam_r() function is thread-safe. CONFORMING TO
SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001. POSIX.1-2008 marks tmpnam() as obsolete. NOTES
The tmpnam() function generates a different string each time it is called, up to TMP_MAX times. If it is called more than TMP_MAX times, the behavior is implementation defined. Although tmpnam() generates names that are difficult to guess, it is nevertheless possible that between the time that tmpnam() returns a pathname, and the time that the program opens it, another program might create that pathname using open(2), or create it as a symbolic link. This can lead to security holes. To avoid such possibilities, use the open(2) O_EXCL flag to open the pathname. Or better yet, use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3). Portable applications that use threads cannot call tmpnam() with a NULL argument if either _POSIX_THREADS or _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS is defined. A POSIX draft proposed to use a function tmpnam_r() defined by char * tmpnam_r(char *s) { return s ? tmpnam(s) : NULL; } apparently as a warning not to use NULL. A few systems implement it. To get a glibc prototype for this function from <stdio.h>, define _SVID_SOURCE or _BSD_SOURCE (before including any header file). BUGS
Never use this function. Use mkstemp(3) or tmpfile(3) instead. SEE ALSO
mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 2013-06-21 TMPNAM(3)

Featured Tech Videos