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SHELLDAP(1p)						User Contributed Perl Documentation					      SHELLDAP(1p)

Shelldap - A program for interacting with an LDAP server via a shell-like interface DESCRIPTION
Shelldap /LDAP::Shell is a program for interacting with an LDAP server via a shell-like interface. This is not meant to be an exhaustive LDAP editing and browsing interface, but rather an intuitive shell for performing basic LDAP tasks quickly and with minimal effort. SYNPOSIS
shelldap --server [--help] FEATURES
- Upon successful authenticated binding, credential information is auto-cached to ~/.shelldap.rc -- future loads require no command line flags. - Custom 'description maps' for entry listings. (See the 'list' command.) - History and autocomplete via readline, if installed. - Automatic reconnection attempts if the connection is lost with the LDAP server. - It feels like a semi-crippled shell, making LDAP browsing and editing at least halfway pleasurable. OPTIONS
All command line options follow getopts long conventions. shelldap --server --basedn dc=your,o=company You may also optionally create a ~/.shelldap.rc file with command line defaults. This file should be valid YAML. (This file is generated automatically on a successful bind auth.) Example: server: binddn: cn=Manager,dc=your,o=company bindpass: xxxxxxxxx basedn: dc=your,o=company tls: yes tls_cacert: /etc/ssl/certs/cacert.pem tls_cert: ~/.ssl/client.cert.pem tls_key: ~/.ssl/private/client.key.pem server Required. The LDAP server to connect to. This can be a hostname, IP address, or a URI. --server ldaps:// -H ldaps:// binddn The full dn of a user to authenticate as. If not specified, defaults to an anonymous bind. You will be prompted for a password. --binddn cn=Manager,dc=your,o=company -D cn=Manager,dc=your,o=company basedn The directory 'root' of your LDAP server. If omitted, shelldap will try and ask the server for a sane default. --basedn dc=your,o=company -b dc=your,o=company tls Enables TLS over what would normally be an insecure connection. Requires server side support. tls_cacert Specify CA Certificate to trust. --tls_cacert /etc/ssl/certs/cacert.pem tls_cert The TLS client certificate. --tls_cert ~/.ssl/client.cert.pem tls_key The TLS client key. Not specifying a key will connect via TLS without key verification. --tls_key ~/.ssl/private/client.key.pem cacheage Set the time to cache directory lookups in seconds. By default, directory lookups are cached for 300 seconds, to speed autocomplete up when changing between different basedns. Modifications to the directory automatically reset the cache. Directory listings are not cached. (This is just used for autocomplete.) Set it to 0 to disable caching completely. timeout Set the maximum time an LDAP operation can take before it is cancelled. debug Print extra operational info out, and backtrace on fatal error. version Display the version number. SHELL COMMANDS
cat Display an LDIF dump of an entry. Globbing is supported. Specify either the full dn, or an rdn. For most commands, rdns are local to the current search base. ('cwd', as translated to shell speak.) You may additionally add a list of attributes to display. Use '+' for server side attributes. cat uid=mahlon cat ou=* cat uid=mahlon,ou=People,dc=example,o=company cat uid=mahlon + userPassword cd Change directory. Translated to LDAP, this changes the current basedn. All commands after a 'cd' operate within the new basedn. cd change to 'home' basedn cd ~ change to the binddn, or basedn if anonymously bound cd - change to previous node cd ou=People change to explicit path below current node cd .. change to parent node cd ../../ou=Groups change to node ou=Groups, which is a sibling to the current node's grandparent Since LDAP doesn't actually limit what can be a container object, you can actually cd into any entry. Many commands then work on '.', meaning "wherever I currently am." cd uid=mahlon cat . clear Clear the screen. copy Copy an entry to a different dn path. All copies are relative to the current basedn, unless a full dn is specified. All attributes are copied, then an LDAP moddn() is performed. copy uid=mahlon uid=bob copy uid=mahlon ou=Others,dc=example,o=company copy uid=mahlon,ou=People,dc=example,o=company uid=mahlon,ou=Others,dc=example,o=company aliased to: cp create Create an entry from scratch. Arguments are space separated objectClass names. Possible objectClasses are derived automatically from the server, and will tab-complete. After the classes are specified, an editor will launch. Required attributes are listed first, then optional attributes. Optionals are commented out. After the editor exits, the resulting LDIF is validated and added to the LDAP directory. create top person organizationalPerson inetOrgPerson posixAccount aliased to: touch delete Remove an entry from the directory. Globbing is supported. All deletes are sanity-prompted. delete uid=mahlon delete uid=ma* aliased to: rm edit Edit an entry in an external editor. After the editor exits, the resulting LDIF is sanity checked, and changes are written to the LDAP directory. edit uid=mahlon aliased to: vi env Show values for various runtime variables. grep Search for arbitrary LDAP filters, and return matching dn results. The search string must be a valid LDAP filter. grep uid=mahlon grep uid=mahlon ou=People grep -r (&(uid=mahlon)(objectClass=*)) aliased to: search list List entries for the current basedn. Globbing is supported. aliased to: ls ls -l ls -lR uid=mahlon list uid=m* In 'long' mode, descriptions are listed as well, if they exist. There are some default 'long listing' mappings for common objectClass types. You can additionally specify your own mappings in your .shelldap.rc, like so: ... descmaps: objectClass: attributename posixAccount: gecos posixGroup: gidNumber ipHost: ipHostNumber mkdir Creates a new 'organizationalUnit' entry. mkdir containername mkdir ou=whatever move Move an entry to a different dn path. Usage is identical to copy. aliased to: mv passwd If supported server side, change the password for a specified entry. The entry must have a 'userPassword' attribute. passwd uid=mahlon pwd Print the 'working directory' - aka, the current ldap basedn. setenv Modify various runtime variables normally set from the command line. setenv debug 1 export debug=1 whoami Show current auth credentials. Unless you specified a binddn, this will just show an anonymous bind. TODO
Referral support. Currently, if you try to write to a replicant slave, you'll just get a referral. It would be nice if shelldap automatically tried to follow it. For now, it only makes sense to connect to a master if you plan on doing any writes. BUGS
/ LIMITATIONS There is no support for editing binary data. If you need to edit base64 stuff, just feed it to the regular ldapmodify/ldapadd/etc tools. AUTHOR
Mahlon E. Smith <> perl v5.12.4 2011-11-12 SHELLDAP(1p)
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