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xml2asc(1) [debian man page]

XML2ASC(1)							  HTML-XML-utils							XML2ASC(1)

NAME
xml2asc - convert UTF-8 to &#nnn; entities SYNOPSIS
xml2asc DESCRIPTION
Reads an UTF-8 encoded text from standard input and writes to standard output, converting all non-ASCII characters to &#nnn; entities, so that the result is ASCII-encoded. One example use is to convert ISO-8859-1 to ASCII with &#nnn; entities, by first running asc2xml to convert ISO-8859-1 to UTF-8 and then pipe the result into xml2asc to convert to ASCII with &#nnn; entities for all accented characters. DIAGNOSTICS
xml2asc returns with a non-zero exit code if the input was not UTF-8. SEE ALSO
asc2xml(1), UTF-8 (RFC 2279) BUGS
Doesn't distinguish mark-up from content, so if the input uses non-ASCII characters in XML element names, they will be output with numeri- cal entities in them, which is not legal in XML. 6.x 10 Jul 2011 XML2ASC(1)

Check Out this Related Man Page

UTF8_ENCODE(3)								 1							    UTF8_ENCODE(3)

utf8_encode - Encodes an ISO-8859-1 string to UTF-8

SYNOPSIS
string utf8_encode (string $data) DESCRIPTION
This function encodes the string $data to UTF-8, and returns the encoded version. UTF-8 is a standard mechanism used by Unicode for encoding wide character values into a byte stream. UTF-8 is transparent to plain ASCII characters, is self-synchronized (meaning it is possible for a program to figure out where in the bytestream characters start) and can be used with normal string comparison functions for sorting and such. PHP encodes UTF-8 characters in up to four bytes, like this: UTF-8 encoding +------+-------------------------------------+---+ |bytes | | | | | | | | | bits | | | | | | | | representation | | | | | | +------+-------------------------------------+---+ | 1 | | | | | | | | | 7 | | | | | | | | 0bbbbbbb | | | | | | | 2 | | | | | | | | | 11 | | | | | | | | 110bbbbb 10bbbbbb | | | | | | | 3 | | | | | | | | | 16 | | | | | | | | 1110bbbb 10bbbbbb 10bbbbbb | | | | | | | 4 | | | | | | | | | 21 | | | | | | | | 11110bbb 10bbbbbb 10bbbbbb 10bbbbbb | | | | | | +------+-------------------------------------+---+ Each b represents a bit that can be used to store character data. PARAMETERS
o $data - An ISO-8859-1 string. RETURN VALUES
Returns the UTF-8 translation of $data. SEE ALSO
utf8_decode(3). PHP Documentation Group UTF8_ENCODE(3)
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