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mu-easy(1) [debian man page]

MU-EASY(1)						      General Commands Manual							MU-EASY(1)

mu_easy - a quick introduction to mu DESCRIPTION
mu is a set of tools for dealing with e-mail messages in Maildirs. There are many options, which are all described in the man pages for the various sub-commands. This man pages jumps over all of the details and gives examples of some common use cases. If the use cases described here do not precisely do what you want, please check the more extensive information in the man page about the sub-command you are using -- for example, the mu-index or mu-find man pages. NOTE: the index command (and therefore, the ones that depend on that, such as find), require that you store your mail in the Maildir-for- mat. If you don't do so, you can still use the other commands, but you won't be able to index/search your mail. By default, mu uses colorized output when your terminal is capable of doing so. If you don't like color, you can use the --nocolor command- line option, or set the MU_NOCOLOR environment variable to non-empty. INDEXING YOUR E-MAIL Before you can search e-mails, you'll first need to index them: $ mu index The process can take a few minutes, depending on the amount of mail you have, the speed of your computer, hard drive etc. Usually, indexing should be able to reach a speed of a few hundred messages per second. mu index guesses the top-level Maildir to do its job; if it guesses wrongly, you can use the --maildir option to specify the top-level directory that should be processed. See the mu-index man page for more details. Normally, mu index visits all the directories under the top-level Maildir; however, you can exclude certain directories (say, the 'trash' or 'spam' folders) by creating a file called .noindex in the directory. When mu sees such a file, it will exclude this directory and its sub-directories from indexing. SEARCHING YOUR E-MAIL After you have indexed your mail, you can start searching it. By default, the search results are printed on standard output. Alternatively, the output can take the form of Maildir with symbolic links to the found messages. This enables integration with e-mail clients; see the mu-find man page for details, the syntax of the search parameters and so on. Here, we just give some examples for common cases. First, let's search for all messages sent to Julius Caesar regarding fruit: $ mu find t:julius fruit This should return something like: 2008-07-31T21:57:25 EEST John Milton <> Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt This means there is a message to 'julius' with 'fruit' somewhere in the message. In this case, it's a message from John Milton. Note that the date format depends on your the language/locale you are using. How do we know that the message was sent to Julius Caesar? Well, it's not visible from the results above, because the default fields that are shown are date/sender/subject. However, we can change this using the --fields parameter (see the mu-find man page for the details): $ mu find --fields="t s" t:julius fruit In other words, display the 'To:'-field (t) and the subject (s). This should return something like: Julius Caesar <> Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt This is the same message found before, only with some different fields displayed. By default, mu uses the logical AND for the search parameters -- that is, it displays messages that match all the parameters. However, we can use logical OR as well: $ mu find t:julius OR f:socrates In other words, display messages that are either sent to Julius Caesar or are from Socrates. This could return something like: 2008-07-31T21:57:25 EEST Socrates <> cool stuff 2008-07-31T21:57:25 EEST John Milton <> Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt What if we want to see some of the body of the message? You can get a 'summary' of the first lines of the message using the --summary option, which will 'summarize' the first n lines of the message: $ mu find --summary napoleon m:/archive 1970-01-01T02:00:00 EET Napoleon Bonaparte <> rock on dude Summary: Le 24 fevrier 1815, la vigie de Notre-Dame de la Garde signala le trois-mats le Pharaon, venant de Smyrne, Trieste et Naples. Comme d'habitude, un pilote cotier partit aussitot du port, rasa le chateau The summary consists of the first n lines of the message with all superfluous whitespace removed. Also note the m:/archive parameter in the query. This means that we only match messages in a maildir called '/archive'. MORE QUERIES
Let's list a few more queries that may be interesting; please note that searches for message flags, priority and date ranges are only available in mu version 0.9 or later. Get all important messages which are signed: $ mu find flag:signed prio:high Get all messages from Jim without an attachment: $ mu find from:jim AND NOT flag:attach Get all unread messages where the subject mentions Angstrom: $ mu find subject:Angstrom flag:unread which is equivalent to: $ mu find subject:angstrom flag:unread because does mu is case-insensitive and accent-insensitive. Get all unread messages between March 2002 and August 2003 about some bird (or a Swedish rock band): $ mu find date:20020301..20030831 nightingale flag:unread Get all messages received today: $ mu find Get all messages we got in the last two weeks about emacs: $ mu find emacs Another powerful feature (since 0.9.6) are wildcard searches, where you can search for the last n characters in a word. For example, you can search for: $ mu find 'subject:soc*' and get mails about soccer, Socrates, society, and so on. Note, it's important to quote the search query, otherwise the shell will inter- pret the '*'. You can also search for messages with a certain attachment using their filename, for example: $ mu find 'file:pic*' will get you all messages with an attachment starting with 'pic'. If you want to find attachments with a certain MIME-type, you can use the following: Get all messages with PDF attachments: $ mu find mime:application/pdf or even: Get all messages with image attachments: $ mu find 'mime:image/*' Note that (1) the '*' wildcard can only be used as the rightmost thing in a search query, and (2) that you need to quote the search term, because otherwise your shell will interpret the '*' (expanding it to all files in the current directory -- probably not what you want). DISPLAYING MESSAGES
We might also want to display the complete messages instead of the header information. This can be done using mu view command. Note that this command does not use the database; you simply provide it the path to a message. Therefore, if you want to display some message from a search query, you'll need its path. To get the path (think location) for our first example we can use: $ mu find --fields="l" t:julius fruit And we'll get someting like: /home/someuser/Maildir/archive/cur/1266188485_0.6850.cthulhu:2, We can now display this message: $ mu view /home/someuser/Maildir/archive/cur/1266188485_0.6850.cthulhu:2, From: John Milton <> To: Julius Caesar <> Subject: Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt Date: 2008-07-31T21:57:25 EEST OF Mans First Disobedience, and the Fruit Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast Brought Death into the World, and all our woe, [...] FINDING CONTACTS
While mu find searches for messages, there is also mu cfind to find contacts, that is, names + addresses. Without any search expression, mu cfind lists all of your contacts. $ mu cfind julius will find all contacts with 'julius' in either name or e-mail address. Note that mu cfind accepts a regular expression. mu cfind also supports a --format=-parameter, which sets the output to some specific format, so the results can be imported into another program. For example, to export your contact information to a mutt address book file, you can use something like: $ mu cfind --format=mutt-alias > ~/mutt-aliases Then, you can use them in mutt if you add something like source ~/mutt-aliases to your muttrc. AUTHOR
Dirk-Jan C. Binnema <> SEE ALSO
mu(1) mu-index(1) mu-find(1) mu-mkdir(1) mu-view(1) mu-extract(1) User Manuals January 2012 MU-EASY(1)
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