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knife-search(1) [debian man page]

KNIFE-SEARCH(1) 						    Chef Manual 						   KNIFE-SEARCH(1)

NAME
knife-search - Find objects on a Chef Server by query SYNOPSIS
knife search INDEX QUERY (options) -a, --attribute ATTR Show only one attribute -i, --id-only Show only the ID of matching objects -q, --query QUERY The search query; useful to protect queries starting with - -R, --rows INT The number of rows to return -r, --run-list Show only the run list -o, --sort SORT The order to sort the results in -b, --start ROW The row to start returning results at -m, --medium Display medium sized output when searching nodes using the default summary format -l, --long Display long output when searching nodes using the default summary format DESCRIPTION
Search is a feature of the Chef Server that allows you to use a full-text search engine to query information about your infrastructure and applications. You can utilize this service via search calls in a recipe or the knife search command. The search syntax is based on Lucene. INDEXES
Search indexes are a feature of the Chef Server and the search sub-command allows querying any of the available indexes using SOLR query syntax. The following data types are indexed for search: o node o role o environment o clients o data bag Data bags are indexed by the data bag's name. For example, to search a data bag named "admins": knife search admins "field:search_pattern" QUERY SYNTAX
Queries have the form field:search_pattern where field is a key in the JSON description of the relevant objects (nodes, roles, environ- ments, or data bags). Both field and search_pattern are case-sensitive. search_pattern can be an exact, wildcard, range, or fuzzy match (see below). The field supports exact matching and limited wildcard matching. Searches will return the relevant objects (nodes, roles, environments, or data bags) where the search_pattern matches the object's value of field. FIELD NAMES Field names are the keys within the JSON description of the object being searched. Nested Keys can be searched by placing an underscore ("_") between key names. WILDCARD MATCHING FOR FIELD NAMES The field name also has limited support for wildcard matching. Both the "*" and "?" wildcards (see below) can be used within a field name; however, they cannot be the first character of the field name. EXACT MATCHES Without any search modifiers, a search returns those fields for which the search_pattern exactly matches the value of field in the JSON description of the object. WILDCARD MATCHES Search support both single- and multi-character wildcard searches within a search pattern. '?' matches exactly one character. '*' matches zero or more characters. RANGE MATCHES Range searches allows one to match values between two given values. To match values between X and Y, inclusively, use square brackets: knife search INDEX 'field:[X TO Y] To match values between X and Y, exclusively, use curly brackets: knife search INDEX 'field:{X TO Y}' Values are sorted in lexicographic order. FUZZY MATCHES Fuzzy searches allows one to match values based on the Levenshtein Distance algorithm. To perform a fuzzy match, append a tilda (~) to the search term: knife search INDEX 'field:term~' This search would return nodes whose field was 'perm' or 'germ'. BOOLEAN OPERATORS The boolean operators NOT, AND, and OR are supported. To find values of field that are not X: knife search INDEX 'field:(NOT X)' To find records where field1 is X and field2 is Y: knife search INDEX 'field1:X AND field2:Y' To find records where field is X or Y: knife search INDEX 'field:X OR field:Y' QUOTING AND SPECIAL CHARACTERS In order to avoid having special characters and escape sequences within your search term interpreted by either Ruby or the shell, enclose them in single quotes. Search terms that include spaces should be enclosed in double-quotes: knife search INDEX 'field:"term with spaces"' The following characters must be escaped: + - && || ! ( ) { } [ ] ^ " ~ * ? : EXAMPLES
Find the nodes with the fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) www.example.com: knife search node 'fqdn:www.example.com' Find the nodes running a version of Ubuntu: knife search node 'platform:ubuntu*' Find all nodes running CentOS in the production environment: knife search node 'chef_environment:production AND platform:centos' KNOWN BUGS
o Searches against the client index return no results in most cases. (CHEF-2477) o Searches using the fuzzy match operator (~) produce an error. (CHEF-2478) SEE ALSO
knife-ssh(1) http://wiki.opscode.com/display/chef/Attributes Lucene Query Parser Syntax http://lucene.apache.org/java/2_3_2/queryparsersyn- tax.html AUTHOR
Chef was written by Adam Jacob adam@opscode.com with many contributions from the community. DOCUMENTATION
This manual page was written by Joshua Timberman joshua@opscode.com. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and / or modify this docu- ment under the terms of the Apache 2.0 License. CHEF
Knife is distributed with Chef. http://wiki.opscode.com/display/chef/Home Chef 10.12.0 June 2012 KNIFE-SEARCH(1)

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