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iconv(1) [debian man page]

ICONV(1)							 Debian GNU/Linux							  ICONV(1)

NAME
iconv - Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another SYNOPSIS
iconv -f encoding [-t encoding] [inputfile]... DESCRIPTION
The iconv program converts the encoding of characters in inputfile, or from the standard input if no filename is specified, from one coded character set to another. The result is written to standard output unless otherwise specified by the --output option. --from-code, -f encoding Convert characters from encoding. --to-code, -t encoding Convert characters to encoding. If not specified the encoding corresponding to the current locale is used. --list, -l List known coded character sets. -c Omit invalid characters from output. --output, -o file Specify output file (instead of stdout). --silent, -s Suppress warnings, but not errors. --verbose Print progress information. --help, -? Give help list. --usage Give a short usage message. --version, -V Print program version. ENCODINGS
The values permitted for --from-code and --to-code can be listed by the iconv --list command, and all combinations of the listed values are supported. Furthermore the following two suffixes are supported: //TRANSLIT When the string "//TRANSLIT" is appended to --to-code, transliteration is activated. This means that when a character cannot be represented in the target character set, it can be approximated through one or several similarly looking characters. //IGNORE When the string "//IGNORE" is appended to --to-code, characters that cannot be represented in the target character set will be silently discarded. AUTHOR
iconv was written by Ulrich Drepper as part of the GNU C Library. This man page was written by Joel Klecker <espy@debian.org>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system. 3rd Berkeley Distribution lenny ICONV(1)

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ICONV(1)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							  ICONV(1)

NAME
iconv - character set conversion SYNOPSIS
iconv [OPTION...] [-f encoding] [-t encoding] [inputfile ...] iconv -l DESCRIPTION
The iconv program converts text from one encoding to another encoding. More precisely, it converts from the encoding given for the -f option to the encoding given for the -t option. Either of these encodings defaults to the encoding of the current locale. All the input- files are read and converted in turn; if no inputfile is given, the standard input is used. The converted text is printed to standard out- put. The encodings permitted are system dependent. For the libiconv implementation, they are listed in the iconv_open(3) manual page. Options controlling the input and output format: -f encoding, --from-code=encoding Specifies the encoding of the input. -t encoding, --to-code=encoding Specifies the encoding of the output. Options controlling conversion problems: -c When this option is given, characters that cannot be converted are silently discarded, instead of leading to a conversion error. --unicode-subst=formatstring When this option is given, Unicode characters that cannot be represented in the target encoding are replaced with a placeholder string that is constructed from the given formatstring, applied to the Unicode code point. The formatstring must be a format string in the same format as for the printf command or the printf() function, taking either no argument or exactly one unsigned integer argument. --byte-subst=formatstring When this option is given, bytes in the input that are not valid in the source encoding are replaced with a placeholder string that is constructed from the given formatstring, applied to the byte's value. The formatstring must be a format string in the same format as for the printf command or the printf() function, taking either no argument or exactly one unsigned integer argument. --widechar-subst=formatstring When this option is given, wide characters in the input that are not valid in the source encoding are replaced with a placeholder string that is constructed from the given formatstring, applied to the byte's value. The formatstring must be a format string in the same format as for the printf command or the printf() function, taking either no argument or exactly one unsigned integer argument. Options controlling error output: -s, --silent When this option is given, error messages about invalid or unconvertible characters are omitted, but the actual converted text is unaffected. The iconv -l or iconv --list command lists the names of the supported encodings, in a system dependent format. For the libiconv implementa- tion, the names are printed in upper case, separated by whitespace, and alias names of an encoding are listed on the same line as the encoding itself. EXAMPLES
iconv -f ISO-8859-1 -t UTF-8 converts input from the old West-European encoding ISO-8859-1 to Unicode. iconv -f KOI8-R --byte-subst="<0x%x>" --unicode-subst="<U+%04X>" converts input from the old Russian encoding KOI8-R to the locale encoding, substituting an angle bracket notation with hexadecimal numbers for invalid bytes and for valid but unconvertible characters. iconv --list lists the supported encodings. SEE ALSO
iconv_open(3), locale(7) GNU
January 22, 2006 ICONV(1)
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