Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

cwebp(1) [debian man page]

CWEBP(1)						      General Commands Manual							  CWEBP(1)

cwebp - compress an image file to a WebP file SYNOPSIS
cwebp [options] input_file -o output_file.webp DESCRIPTION
This manual page documents the cwebp command. cwebp compresses an image using the WebP format. Input format can be either PNG, JPEG, or raw Y'CbCr samples. When using PNG, the trans- parency information (alpha channel) is currently discarded. OPTIONS
The basic options are: -o string Specify the name of the output WebP file. If omitted, cwebp will perform compression but only report statistics. -h, -help A short usage summary. -H, -longhelp A summary of all the possible options. -version Print the version number (as major.minor.revision) and exit. -q float Specify the compression factor between 0 and 100. A small factor produces a smaller file with lower quality. Best quality is achieved using a value of 100. The default is 75. -f int Specify the strength of the deblocking filter, between 0 (no filtering) and 100 (maximum filtering). A value of 0 will turn off any filtering. Higher value will increase the strength of the filtering process applied after decoding the picture. The higher the smoother the picture will appear. Typical values are usually in the range of 20 to 50. -preset string Specify a set of pre-defined parameters to suit a particular type of source material. Possible values are: default, photo, picture, drawing, icon, text. Since -preset overwrites the other parameters' values (except the -q one), this option should preferably appear first in the order of the arguments. -sns int Specify the amplitude of the spatial noise shaping. Spatial noise shaping (or sns for short) refers to a general collection of built-in algorithms used to decide which area of the picture should use relatively less bits, and where else to better transfer these bits. The possible range goes from 0 (algorithm is off) to 100 (the maximal effect). The default value is 80. -m int Specify the compression method to use. This parameter controls the tradeoff between encoding speed and the compressed file size and quality. Possible values range from 0 to 6. Default value is 4. When higher values are used, the encoder will spend more time inspecting additional encoding possibilities and decide on the quality gain. Lower value can result is faster processing time at the expense of larger filesize and lower compression quality. -af Turns auto-filter on. This algorithm will spend additional time optimizing the filtering strength to reach a well-balanced quality. ADDITIONAL OPTIONS
More advanced options are: -sharpness int Specify the sharpness of the filtering (if used). Range is 0 (sharpest) to 7 (least sharp). Default is 0. -strong Use a stronger filtering than the default one (if filtering is being used thanks to the -f option). Strong filtering is off by default. -segments int Change the number of partitions to use during the segmentation of the sns algorithm. Segments should be in range 1 to 4. Default value is 4. -partition_limit int Degrade quality by limiting the number of bits used by some macroblocks. Range is 0 (no degradation, the default) to 100 (full degradation). Useful values are usually around 30-70 for moderately large images. In the VP8 format, the so-called control parti- tion has a limit of 512k and is used to store the following information: whether the macroblock is skipped, which segment it belongs to, whether it is coded as intra 4x4 or intra 16x16 mode, and finally the prediction modes to use for each of the sub-blocks. For a very large image, 512k only leaves room to few bits per 16x16 macroblock. The absolute minimum is 4 bits per macroblock. Skip, seg- ment, and mode information can use up almost all these 4 bits (although the case is unlikely), which is problematic for very large images. The partition_limit factor controls how frequently the most bit-costly mode (intra 4x4) will be used. This is useful in case the 512k limit is reached and the following message is displayed: Error code: 6 (PARTITION0_OVERFLOW: Partition #0 is too big to fit 512k). If using -partition_limit is not enough to meet the 512k constraint, one should use less segments in order to save more header bits per macroblock. See the -segments option. -size int Specify a target size (in bytes) to try and reach for the compressed output. Compressor will make several pass of partial encoding in order to get as close as possible to this target. -psnr float Specify a target PSNR (in dB) to try and reach for the compressed output. Compressor will make several pass of partial encoding in order to get as close as possible to this target. -pass int Set a maximum number of pass to use during the dichotomy used by options -size or -psnr. Maximum value is 10. -crop x_position y_position width height Crop the source to a rectangle with top-left corner at coordinates (x_position, y_position) and size width x height. This cropping area must be fully contained within the source rectangle. -s width height Specify that the input file actually consists of raw Y'CbCr samples following the ITU-R BT.601 recommendation, in 4:2:0 linear for- mat. The luma plane has size width x height. -map int Output additional ASCII-map of encoding information. Possible map values range from 1 to 6. This is only meant to help debugging. -pre int Specify a pre-processing filter. This option is a placeholder and has currently no effect. -noasm Disable all assembly optimizations. -v Print extra information (encoding time in particular). -quiet Do not print anything. -short Only print brief information (output file size and PSNR) for testing purpose. Examples: cwebp -q 70 picture.png -o picture.webp cwebp -sns 70 -f 50 -strong -af -size 60000 picture.png -o picture.webp SEE ALSO
dwebp(1). Please refer to for additional information. AUTHOR
cwebp was written by the WebP team. The latest source tree is available at This manual page was written by Pascal Massimino <>, for the Debian project (and may be used by others). September 19, 2011 CWEBP(1)
Man Page

Featured Tech Videos