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ctdbd(1) [debian man page]

CTDBD(1)						   CTDB - clustered TDB database						  CTDBD(1)

NAME
ctdbd - The CTDB cluster daemon SYNOPSIS
ctdbd ctdbd [-? --help] [-d --debug=<INTEGER>] {--dbdir=<directory>} {--dbdir-persistent=<directory>} [--event-script-dir=<directory>] [-i --interactive] [--listen=<address>] [--logfile=<filename>] [--lvs] {--nlist=<filename>} [--no-lmaster] [--no-recmaster] [--nosetsched] {--notification-script=<filename>} [--public-addresses=<filename>] [--public-interface=<interface>] {--reclock=<filename>} [--single-public-ip=<address>] [--socket=<filename>] [--start-as-disabled] [--start-as-stopped] [--syslog] [--log-ringbuf-size=<num-entries>] [--torture] [--transport=<STRING>] [--usage] DESCRIPTION
ctdbd is the main ctdb daemon. ctdbd provides a clustered version of the TDB database with automatic rebuild/recovery of the databases upon nodefailures. Combined with a cluster filesystem ctdbd provides a full HA environment for services such as clustered Samba and NFS as well as other services. ctdbd provides monitoring of all nodes in the cluster and automatically reconfigures the cluster and recovers upon node failures. ctdbd is the main component in clustered Samba that provides a high-availability load-sharing CIFS server cluster. OPTIONS
-? --help Print some help text to the screen. -d --debug=<DEBUGLEVEL> This option sets the debuglevel on the ctdbd daemon which controls what will be written to the logfile. The default is 0 which will only log important events and errors. A larger number will provide additional logging. --dbdir=<directory> This is the directory on local storage where ctdbd keeps the local copy of the TDB databases. This directory is local for each node and should not be stored on the shared cluster filesystem. This directory would usually be /var/ctdb . --dbdir-persistent=<directory> This is the directory on local storage where ctdbd keeps the local copy of the persistent TDB databases. This directory is local for each node and should not be stored on the shared cluster filesystem. This directory would usually be /etc/ctdb/persistent . --event-script-dir=<directory> This option is used to specify the directory where the CTDB event scripts are stored. This will normally be /etc/ctdb/events.d which is part of the ctdb distribution. -i --interactive By default ctdbd will detach itself from the shell and run in the background as a daemon. This option makes ctdbd to start in interactive mode. --listen=<address> This specifies which ip address ctdb will bind to. By default ctdbd will bind to the first address it finds in the /etc/ctdb/nodes file and which is also present on the local system in which case you do not need to provide this option. This option is only required when you want to run multiple ctdbd daemons/nodes on the same physical host in which case there would be multiple entries in /etc/ctdb/nodes what would match a local interface. --logfile=<filename> This is the file where ctdbd will write its log. This is usually /var/log/log.ctdb . --lvs This option is used to activate the LVS capability on a CTDB node. Please see the LVS section. --nlist=<filename> This file contains a list of the private ip addresses of every node in the cluster. There is one line/ip address for each node. This file must be the same for all nodes in the cluster. This file is usually /etc/ctdb/nodes . --no-lmaster This argument specifies that this node can NOT become an lmaster for records in the database. This means that it will never show up in the vnnmap. This feature is primarily used for making a cluster span across a WAN link and use CTDB as a WAN-accelerator. Please see the "remote cluster nodes" section for more information. --no-recmaster This argument specifies that this node can NOT become a recmaster for the database. This feature is primarily used for making a cluster span across a WAN link and use CTDB as a WAN-accelerator. Please see the "remote cluster nodes" section for more information. --nosetsched This is a ctdbd debugging option. this option is only used when debugging ctdbd. Normally ctdb will change its scheduler to run as a real-time process. This is the default mode for a normal ctdbd operation to gurarantee that ctdbd always gets the cpu cycles that it needs. This option is used to tell ctdbd to NOT run as a real-time process and instead run ctdbd as a normal userspace process. This is useful for debugging and when you want to run ctdbd under valgrind or gdb. (You don't want to attach valgrind or gdb to a real-time process.) --notification-script=<filename> This specifies a script which will be invoked by ctdb when certain state changes occur in ctdbd and when you may want to trigger this to run certain scripts. This file is usually /etc/ctdb/notify.sh . See the NOTIFICATION SCRIPT section below for more information. --public_addresses=<filename> When used with IP takeover this specifies a file containing the public ip addresses to use on the cluster. This file contains a list of ip addresses netmasks and interfaces. When ctdb is operational it will distribute these public ip addresses evenly across the available nodes. This is usually the file /etc/ctdb/public_addresses --public-interface=<interface> This option tells ctdb which interface to attach public-addresses to and also where to attach the single-public-ip when used. This is only required when using public ip addresses and only when you don't specify the interface explicitly in /etc/ctdb/public_addresses or when you are using --single-public-ip. If you omit this argument when using public addresses or single public ip, ctdb will not be able to send out Gratious ARPs correctly or be able to kill tcp connections correctly which will lead to application failures. --reclock=<filename> This is the name of the lock file stored of the shared cluster filesystem that ctdbd uses to prevent split brains from occuring. This file must be stored on shared storage. It is possible to run CTDB without a reclock file, but then there will be no protection against split brain if the network becomes partitioned. Using CTDB without a reclock file is strongly discouraged. --socket=<filename> This specifies the name of the domain socket that ctdbd will create. This socket is used for local clients to attach to and communicate with the ctdbd daemon. The default is /tmp/ctdb.socket . You only need to use this option if you plan to run multiple ctdbd daemons on the same physical host. --start-as-disabled This makes the ctdb daemon to be DISABLED when it starts up. As it is DISABLED it will not get any of the public ip addresses allocated to it, and thus this allow you to start ctdb on a node without causing any ip address to failover from other nodes onto the new node. When used, the administrator must keep track of when nodes start and manually enable them again using the "ctdb enable" command, or else the node will not host any services. A node that is DISABLED will not host any services and will not be reachable/used by any clients. --start-as-stopped This makes the ctdb daemon to be STOPPED when it starts up. A node that is STOPPED does not host any public addresses. It is not part of the VNNMAP so it does act as an LMASTER. It also has all databases locked in recovery mode until restarted. To restart and activate a STOPPED node, the command "ctdb continue" is used. A node that is STOPPED will not host any services and will not be reachable/used by any clients. --syslog Send all log messages to syslog instead of to the ctdb logfile. --log-ringbuf-size=<num-entries> In addition to the normal loggign to a log file, CTDBD also keeps a in-memory ringbuffer containing the most recent log entries for all log levels (except DEBUG). This is useful since it allows for keeping continuous logs to a file at a reasonable non-verbose level, but shortly after an incident has occured, a much more detailed log can be pulled from memory. This can allow you to avoid having to reproduce an issue due to the on-disk logs being of insufficient detail. This in-memory ringbuffer contains a fixed number of the most recent entries. This is settable at startup either through the --log-ringbuf-size argument, or preferably by using CTDB_LOG_RINGBUF_SIZE in the sysconfig file. Use the "ctdb getlog" command to access this log. --torture This option is only used for development and testing of ctdbd. It adds artificial errors and failures to the common codepaths in ctdbd to verify that ctdbd can recover correctly for failures. You do NOT want to use this option unless you are developing and testing new functionality in ctdbd. --transport=<STRING> This option specifies which transport to use for ctdbd internode communications. The default is "tcp". Currently only "tcp" is supported but "infiniband" might be implemented in the future. --usage Print useage information to the screen. PRIVATE VS PUBLIC ADDRESSES
When used for ip takeover in a HA environment, each node in a ctdb cluster has multiple ip addresses assigned to it. One private and one or more public. Private address This is the physical ip address of the node which is configured in linux and attached to a physical interface. This address uniquely identifies a physical node in the cluster and is the ip addresses that ctdbd will use to communicate with the ctdbd daemons on the other nodes in the cluster. The private addresses are configured in /etc/ctdb/nodes (unless the --nlist option is used) and contain one line for each node in the cluster. Each line contains the private ip address for one node in the cluster. This file must be the same on all nodes in the cluster. Since the private addresses are only available to the network when the corresponding node is up and running you should not use these addresses for clients to connect to services provided by the cluster. Instead client applications should only attach to the public addresses since these are guaranteed to always be available. When using ip takeover, it is strongly recommended that the private addresses are configured on a private network physically separated from the rest of the network and that this private network is dedicated to CTDB traffic. Example /etc/ctdb/nodes for a four node cluster: .sp 10.1.1.1 10.1.1.2 10.1.1.3 10.1.1.4 Public address A public address on the other hand is not attached to an interface. This address is managed by ctdbd itself and is attached/detached to a physical node at runtime. The ctdb cluster will assign/reassign these public addresses across the available healthy nodes in the cluster. When one node fails, its public address will be migrated to and taken over by a different node in the cluster to ensure that all public addresses are always available to clients as long as there are still nodes available capable of hosting this address. These addresses are not physically attached to a specific node. The 'ctdb ip' command can be used to view the current assignment of public addresses and which physical node is currently serving it. On each node this file contains a list of the public addresses that this node is capable of hosting. The list also contain the netmask and the interface where this address should be attached for the case where you may want to serve data out through multiple different interfaces. Example /etc/ctdb/public_addresses for a node that can host 4 public addresses: .sp 11.1.1.1/24 eth0 11.1.1.2/24 eth0 11.1.2.1/24 eth1 11.1.2.2/24 eth1 In most cases this file would be the same on all nodes in a cluster but there are exceptions when one may want to use different files on different nodes. Example: 4 nodes partitioned into two subgroups : .sp Node 0:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses 10.1.1.1/24 eth0 10.1.1.2/24 eth0 Node 1:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses 10.1.1.1/24 eth0 10.1.1.2/24 eth0 Node 2:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses 10.2.1.1/24 eth0 10.2.1.2/24 eth0 Node 3:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses 10.2.1.1/24 eth0 10.2.1.2/24 eth0 In this example nodes 0 and 1 host two public addresses on the 10.1.1.x network while nodes 2 and 3 host two public addresses for the 10.2.1.x network. Ip address 10.1.1.1 can be hosted by either of nodes 0 or 1 and will be available to clients as long as at least one of these two nodes are available. If both nodes 0 and node 1 become unavailable 10.1.1.1 also becomes unavailable. 10.1.1.1 can not be failed over to node 2 or node 3 since these nodes do not have this ip address listed in their public addresses file. NODE STATUS
The current status of each node in the cluster can be viewed by the 'ctdb status' command. There are five possible states for a node. OK - This node is fully functional. DISCONNECTED - This node could not be connected through the network and is currently not particpating in the cluster. If there is a public IP address associated with this node it should have been taken over by a different node. No services are running on this node. DISABLED - This node has been administratively disabled. This node is still functional and participates in the CTDB cluster but its IP addresses have been taken over by a different node and no services are currently being hosted. UNHEALTHY - A service provided by this node is malfunctioning and should be investigated. The CTDB daemon itself is operational and participates in the cluster. Its public IP address has been taken over by a different node and no services are currently being hosted. All unhealthy nodes should be investigated and require an administrative action to rectify. BANNED - This node failed too many recovery attempts and has been banned from participating in the cluster for a period of RecoveryBanPeriod seconds. Any public IP address has been taken over by other nodes. This node does not provide any services. All banned nodes should be investigated and require an administrative action to rectify. This node does not perticipate in the CTDB cluster but can still be communicated with. I.e. ctdb commands can be sent to it. STOPPED - A node that is stopped does not host any public ip addresses, nor is it part of the VNNMAP. A stopped node can not become LVSMASTER, RECMASTER or NATGW. This node does not perticipate in the CTDB cluster but can still be communicated with. I.e. ctdb commands can be sent to it. PUBLIC TUNABLES
These are the public tuneables that can be used to control how ctdb behaves. MaxRedirectCount Default: 3 If we are not the DMASTER and need to fetch a record across the network we first send the request to the LMASTER after which the record is passed onto the current DMASTER. If the DMASTER changes before the request has reached that node, the request will be passed onto the "next" DMASTER. For very hot records that migrate rapidly across the cluster this can cause a request to "chase" the record for many hops before it catches up with the record. this is how many hops we allow trying to chase the DMASTER before we switch back to the LMASTER again to ask for new directions. When chasing a record, this is how many hops we will chase the record for before going back to the LMASTER to ask for new guidance. SeqnumInterval Default: 1000 Some databases have seqnum tracking enabled, so that samba will be able to detect asynchronously when there has been updates to the database. Everytime a database is updated its sequence number is increased. This tunable is used to specify in 'ms' how frequently ctdb will send out updates to remote nodes to inform them that the sequence number is increased. ControlTimeout Default: 60 This is the default setting for timeout for when sending a control message to either the local or a remote ctdb daemon. TraverseTimeout Default: 20 This setting controls how long we allow a traverse process to run. After this timeout triggers, the main ctdb daemon will abort the traverse if it has not yet finished. KeepaliveInterval Default: 5 How often in seconds should the nodes send keepalives to eachother. KeepaliveLimit Default: 5 After how many keepalive intervals without any traffic should a node wait until marking the peer as DISCONNECTED. If a node has hung, it can thus take KeepaliveInterval*(KeepaliveLimit+1) seconds before we determine that the node is DISCONNECTED and that we require a recovery. This limitshould not be set too high since we want a hung node to be detectec, and expunged from the cluster well before common CIFS timeouts (45-90 seconds) kick in. RecoverTimeout Default: 20 This is the default setting for timeouts for controls when sent from the recovery daemon. We allow longer control timeouts from the recovery daemon than from normal use since the recovery dameon often use controls that can take a lot longer than normal controls. RecoverInterval Default: 1 How frequently in seconds should the recovery daemon perform the consistency checks that determine if we need to perform a recovery or not. ElectionTimeout Default: 3 When electing a new recovery master, this is how many seconds we allow the election to take before we either deem the election finished or we fail the election and start a new one. TakeoverTimeout Default: 9 This is how many seconds we allow controls to take for IP failover events. MonitorInterval Default: 15 How often should ctdb run the event scripts to check for a nodes health. TickleUpdateInterval Default: 20 How often will ctdb record and store the "tickle" information used to kickstart stalled tcp connections after a recovery. EventScriptTimeout Default: 20 How long should ctdb let an event script run before aborting it and marking the node unhealthy. EventScriptTimeoutCount Default: 1 How many events in a row needs to timeout before we flag the node UNHEALTHY. This setting is useful if your scripts can not be written so that they do not hang for benign reasons. EventScriptUnhealthyOnTimeout Default: 0 This setting can be be used to make ctdb never become UNHEALTHY if your eventscripts keep hanging/timing out. RecoveryGracePeriod Default: 120 During recoveries, if a node has not caused recovery failures during the last grace period, any records of transgressions that the node has caused recovery failures will be forgiven. This resets the ban-counter back to zero for that node. RecoveryBanPeriod Default: 300 If a node becomes banned causing repetitive recovery failures. The node will eventually become banned from the cluster. This controls how long the culprit node will be banned from the cluster before it is allowed to try to join the cluster again. Don't set to small. A node gets banned for a reason and it is usually due to real problems with the node. DatabaseHashSize Default: 100001 Size of the hash chains for the local store of the tdbs that ctdb manages. DatabaseMaxDead Default: 5 How many dead records per hashchain in the TDB database do we allow before the freelist needs to be processed. RerecoveryTimeout Default: 10 Once a recovery has completed, no additional recoveries are permitted until this timeout has expired. EnableBans Default: 1 When set to 0, this disables BANNING completely in the cluster and thus nodes can not get banned, even it they break. Don't set to 0 unless you know what you are doing. DeterministicIPs Default: 0 When enabled, this tunable makes ctdb try to keep public IP addresses locked to specific nodes as far as possible. This makes it easier for debugging since you can know that as long as all nodes are healthy public IP X will always be hosted by node Y. The cost of using deterministic IP address assignment is that it disables part of the logic where ctdb tries to reduce the number of public IP assignment changes in the cluster. This tunable may increase the number of IP failover/failbacks that are performed on the cluster by a small margin. LCP2PublicIPs Default: 1 When enabled this switches ctdb to use the LCP2 ip allocation algorithm. ReclockPingPeriod Default: x Obsolete NoIPFailback Default: 0 When set to 1, ctdb will not perform failback of IP addresses when a node becomes healthy. Ctdb WILL perform failover of public IP addresses when a node becomes UNHEALTHY, but when the node becomes HEALTHY again, ctdb will not fail the addresses back. Use with caution! Normally when a node becomes available to the cluster ctdb will try to reassign public IP addresses onto the new node as a way to distribute the workload evenly across the clusternode. Ctdb tries to make sure that all running nodes have approximately the same number of public addresses it hosts. When you enable this tunable, CTDB will no longer attempt to rebalance the cluster by failing IP addresses back to the new nodes. An unbalanced cluster will therefore remain unbalanced until there is manual intervention from the administrator. When this parameter is set, you can manually fail public IP addresses over to the new node(s) using the 'ctdb moveip' command. DisableIPFailover Default: 0 When enabled, ctdb weill not perform failover or failback. Even if a node fails while holding public IPs, ctdb will not recover the IPs or assign them to another node. When you enable this tunable, CTDB will no longer attempt to recover the cluster by failing IP addresses over to other nodes. This leads to a service outage until the administrator has manually performed failover to replacement nodes using the 'ctdb moveip' command. VerboseMemoryNames Default: 0 This feature consumes additional memory. when used the talloc library will create more verbose names for all talloc allocated objects. RecdPingTimeout Default: 60 If the main dameon has not heard a "ping" from the recovery dameon for this many seconds, the main dameon will log a message that the recovery daemon is potentially hung. RecdFailCount Default: 10 If the recovery daemon has failed to ping the main dameon for this many consecutive intervals, the main daemon will consider the recovery daemon as hung and will try to restart it to recover. LogLatencyMs Default: 0 When set to non-zero, this will make the main daemon log any operation that took longer than this value, in 'ms', to complete. These include "how long time a lockwait child process needed", "how long time to write to a persistent database" but also "how long did it take to get a response to a CALL from a remote node". RecLockLatencyMs Default: 1000 When using a reclock file for split brain prevention, if set to non-zero this tunable will make the recovery dameon log a message if the fcntl() call to lock/testlock the recovery file takes longer than this number of ms. RecoveryDropAllIPs Default: 120 If we have been stuck in recovery, or stopped, or banned, mode for this many seconds we will force drop all held public addresses. verifyRecoveryLock Default: 1 Should we take a fcntl() lock on the reclock file to verify that we are the sole recovery master node on the cluster or not. DeferredAttachTO Default: 120 When databases are frozen we do not allow clients to attach to the databases. Instead of returning an error immediately to the application the attach request from the client is deferred until the database becomes available again at which stage we respond to the client. This timeout controls how long we will defer the request from the client before timing it out and returning an error to the client. StatHistoryInterval Default: 1 Granularity of the statistics collected in the statistics history. AllowClientDBAttach Default: 1 When set to 0, clients are not allowed to attach to any databases. This can be used to temporarily block any new processes from attaching to and accessing the databases. RecoverPDBBySeqNum Default: 0 When set to non-zero, this will change how the recovery process for persistent databases ar performed. By default, when performing a database recovery, for normal as for persistent databases, recovery is record-by-record and recovery process simply collects the most recent version of every individual record. When set to non-zero, persistent databases will instead be recovered as a whole db and not by individual records. The node that contains the highest value stored in the record "__db_sequence_number__" is selected and the copy of that nodes database is used as the recovered database. LVS
LVS is a mode where CTDB presents one single IP address for the entire cluster. This is an alternative to using public IP addresses and round-robin DNS to loadbalance clients across the cluster. This is similar to using a layer-4 loadbalancing switch but with some restrictions. In this mode the cluster select a set of nodes in the cluster and loadbalance all client access to the LVS address across this set of nodes. This set of nodes are all LVS capable nodes that are HEALTHY, or if no HEALTHY nodes exists all LVS capable nodes regardless of health status. LVS will however never loadbalance traffic to nodes that are BANNED, STOPPED, DISABLED or DISCONNECTED. The "ctdb lvs" command is used to show which nodes are currently load-balanced across. One of the these nodes are elected as the LVSMASTER. This node receives all traffic from clients coming in to the LVS address and multiplexes it across the internal network to one of the nodes that LVS is using. When responding to the client, that node will send the data back directly to the client, bypassing the LVSMASTER node. The command "ctdb lvsmaster" will show which node is the current LVSMASTER. The path used for a client i/o is thus : (1) Client sends request packet to LVSMASTER (2) LVSMASTER passes the request on to one node across the internal network. (3) Selected node processes the request. (4) Node responds back to client. This means that all incoming traffic to the cluster will pass through one physical node, which limits scalability. You can send more data to the LVS address that one physical node can multiplex. This means that you should not use LVS if your I/O pattern is write-intensive since you will be limited in the available network bandwidth that node can handle. LVS does work wery well for read-intensive workloads where only smallish READ requests are going through the LVSMASTER bottleneck and the majority of the traffic volume (the data in the read replies) goes straight from the processing node back to the clients. For read-intensive i/o patterns you can acheive very high throughput rates in this mode. Note: you can use LVS and public addresses at the same time. Configuration To activate LVS on a CTDB node you must specify CTDB_PUBLIC_INTERFACE and CTDB_LVS_PUBLIC_ADDRESS in /etc/sysconfig/ctdb. You must also specify the "--lvs" command line argument to ctdbd to activate LVS as a capability of the node. This should be done automatically for you by the /etc/init.d/ctdb script. Example: CTDB_PUBLIC_INTERFACE=eth0 CTDB_LVS_PUBLIC_IP=10.0.0.237 If you use LVS, you must still have a real/permanent address configured for the public interface on each node. This address must be routable and the cluster nodes must be configured so that all traffic back to client hosts are routed through this interface. This is also required in order to allow samba/winbind on the node to talk to the domain controller. (we can not use the lvs IP address to initiate outgoing traffic) I.e. make sure that you can "ping" both the domain controller and also all of the clients from the node BEFORE you enable LVS. Also make sure that when you ping these hosts that the traffic is routed out through the eth0 interface. REMOTE CLUSTER NODES
It is possible to have a CTDB cluster that spans across a WAN link. For example where you have a CTDB cluster in your datacentre but you also want to have one additional CTDB node located at a remote branch site. This is similar to how a WAN accelerator works but with the difference that while a WAN-accelerator often acts as a Proxy or a MitM, in the ctdb remote cluster node configuration the Samba instance at the remote site IS the genuine server, not a proxy and not a MitM, and thus provides 100% correct CIFS semantics to clients. See the cluster as one single multihomed samba server where one of the NICs (the remote node) is very far away. NOTE: This does require that the cluster filesystem you use can cope with WAN-link latencies. Not all cluster filesystems can handle WAN-link latencies! Whether this will provide very good WAN-accelerator performance or it will perform very poorly depends entirely on how optimized your cluster filesystem is in handling high latency for data and metadata operations. To activate a node as being a remote cluster node you need to set the following two parameters in /etc/sysconfig/ctdb for the remote node: CTDB_CAPABILITY_LMASTER=no CTDB_CAPABILITY_RECMASTER=no Verify with the command "ctdb getcapabilities" that that node no longer has the recmaster or the lmaster capabilities. NAT-GW Sometimes it is desireable to run services on the CTDB node which will need to originate outgoing traffic to external servers. This might be contacting NIS servers, LDAP servers etc. etc. This can sometimes be problematic since there are situations when a node does not have any public ip addresses assigned. This could be due to the nobe just being started up and no addresses have been assigned yet or it could be that the node is UNHEALTHY in which case all public addresses have been migrated off. If then the service status of CTDB depends on such services being able to always being able to originate traffic to external resources this becomes extra troublesome. The node might be UNHEALTHY because the service can not be reached, and the service can not be reached because the node is UNHEALTHY. There are two ways to solve this problem. The first is by assigning a static ip address for one public interface on every node which will allow every node to be able to route traffic to the public network even if there are no public addresses assigned to the node. This is the simplest way but it uses up a lot of ip addresses since you have to assign both static and also public addresses to each node. NAT-GW A second way is to use the built in NAT-GW feature in CTDB. With NAT-GW you assign one public NATGW address for each natgw group. Each NATGW group is a set of nodes in the cluster that shares the same NATGW address to talk to the outside world. Normally there would only be one NATGW group spanning the entire cluster, but in situations where one ctdb cluster spans multiple physical sites it is useful to have one NATGW group for each of the two sites. There can be multiple NATGW groups in one cluster but each node can only be member of one NATGW group. In each NATGW group, one of the nodes is designated the NAT Gateway through which all traffic that is originated by nodes in this group will be routed through if a public addresses are not available. Configuration NAT-GW is configured in /etc/sysconfigctdb by setting the following variables: # NAT-GW configuration # Some services running on nthe CTDB node may need to originate traffic to # remote servers before the node is assigned any IP addresses, # This is problematic since before the node has public addresses the node might # not be able to route traffic to the public networks. # One solution is to have static public addresses assigned with routing # in addition to the public address interfaces, thus guaranteeing that # a node always can route traffic to the external network. # This is the most simple solution but it uses up a large number of # additional ip addresses. # # A more complex solution is NAT-GW. # In this mode we only need one additional ip address for the cluster from # the exsternal public network. # One of the nodes in the cluster is elected to be hosting this ip address # so it can reach the external services. This node is also configured # to use NAT MASQUERADING for all traffic from the internal private network # to the external network. This node is the NAT-GW node. # # All other nodes are set up with a default rote with a metric of 10 to point # to the nat-gw node. # # The effect of this is that only when a node does not have a public address # and thus no proper routes to the external world it will instead # route all packets through the nat-gw node. # # CTDB_NATGW_NODES is the list of nodes that belong to this natgw group. # You can have multiple natgw groups in one cluster but each node # can only belong to one single natgw group. # # CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP=10.0.0.227/24 # CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IFACE=eth0 # CTDB_NATGW_DEFAULT_GATEWAY=10.0.0.1 # CTDB_NATGW_PRIVATE_NETWORK=10.1.1.0/24 # CTDB_NATGW_NODES=/etc/ctdb/natgw_nodes # # Normally any node in the natgw group can act as the natgw master. # In some configurations you may have special nodes that is a part of the # cluster/natgw group, but where the node lacks connectivity to the # public network. # For these cases, set this variable to make these nodes not able to # become natgw master. # # CTDB_NATGW_SLAVE_ONLY=yes CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP This is an ip address in the public network that is used for all outgoing traffic when the public addresses are not assigned. This address will be assigned to one of the nodes in the cluster which will masquerade all traffic for the other nodes. Format of this parameter is IPADDRESS/NETMASK CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IFACE This is the physical interface where the CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP will be assigned to. This should be an interface connected to the public network. Format of this parameter is INTERFACE CTDB_NATGW_DEFAULT_GATEWAY This is the default gateway to use on the node that is elected to host the CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP. This is the default gateway on the public network. Format of this parameter is IPADDRESS CTDB_NATGW_PRIVATE_NETWORK This is the network/netmask used for the interal private network. Format of this parameter is IPADDRESS/NETMASK CTDB_NATGW_NODES This is the list of all nodes that belong to the same NATGW group as this node. The default is /etc/ctdb/natgw_nodes. Operation When the NAT-GW functionality is used, one of the nodes is elected to act as a NAT router for all the other nodes in the group when they need to originate traffic to the external public network. The NAT-GW node is assigned the CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP to the designated interface and the provided default route. The NAT-GW is configured to act as a router and to masquerade all traffic it receives from the internal private network and which is destined to the external network(s). All other nodes in the group are configured with a default route of metric 10 pointing to the designated NAT GW node. This is implemented in the 11.natgw eventscript. Please see the eventscript for further information. Removing/Changing NATGW at runtime The following are the procedures to change/remove a NATGW configuration at runtime, without having to restart ctdbd. If you want to remove NATGW completely from a node, use these steps: 1, Run 'CTDB_BASE=/etc/ctdb /etc/ctdb/events.d/11.natgw removenatgw' 2, Then remove the configuration from /etc/sysconfig/ctdb If you want to change the NATGW configuration on a node : 1, Run 'CTDB_BASE=/etc/ctdb /etc/ctdb/events.d/11.natgw removenatgw' 2, Then change the configuration in /etc/sysconfig/ctdb 3, Run 'CTDB_BASE=/etc/ctdb /etc/ctdb/events.d/11.natgw updatenatgw' NOTIFICATION SCRIPT
Notification scripts are used with ctdb to have a call-out from ctdb to a user-specified script when certain state changes occur in ctdb. This is commonly to set up either sending SNMP traps or emails when a node becomes unhealthy and similar. This is activated by setting CTDB_NOTIFY_SCRIPT=<your script> in the sysconfig file, or by adding --notification-script=<your script>. See /etc/ctdb/notify.sh for an example script. CTDB currently generates notifications on these state changes: unhealthy This call-out is triggered when the node changes to UNHEALTHY state. healthy This call-out is triggered when the node changes to HEALTHY state. startup This call-out is triggered when ctdb has started up and all managed services are up and running. CLAMAV DAEMON
CTDB has support to manage the popular anti-virus daemon ClamAV. This support is implemented through the eventscript : /etc/ctdb/events.d/31.clamd. Configuration Start by configuring CLAMAV normally and test that it works. Once this is done, copy the configuration files over to all the nodes so that all nodes share identical CLAMAV configurations. Once this is done you can proceed with the intructions below to activate CTDB support for CLAMAV. First, to activate CLAMAV support in CTDB, edit /etc/sysconfig/ctdb and add the two lines : CTDB_MANAGES_CLAMD=yes CTDB_CLAMD_SOCKET="/path/to/clamd.socket" Second, activate the eventscript ctdb enablescript 31.clamd Third, CTDB will now be starting and stopping this service accordingly, so make sure that the system is not configured to start/stop this service automatically. On RedHat systems you can disable the system starting/stopping CLAMAV automatically by running : chkconfig clamd off Once you have restarted CTDBD, use ctdb scriptstatus and verify that the 31.clamd eventscript is listed and that it was executed successfully. SEE ALSO
ctdb(1), onnode(1) http://ctdb.samba.org/ COPYRIGHT
/LICENSE Copyright (C) Andrew Tridgell 2007 Copyright (C) Ronnie sahlberg 2007 This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/. ctdb 12/14/2011 CTDBD(1)
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