tixTree(n) Tix Built-In Commands tixTree(n)
tixTree - Create and manipulate tixTree widgets
tixTree pathName ?options?
The TixTree class is derived from the TixScrolledHList class and inherits all the commands, options and subwidgets of its super-class.
TixTree supports all the standard options of a frame widget. See the options(n) manual entry for details on the standard options.
[-browsecmd browseCmd] Specifies a command to call whenever the user browses on an entry (usually by single-clicking on the entry). The
command is called with one argument, the pathname of the entry. [-closecmd closeCmd] Specifies a command to call whenever an entry needs
to be closed (See the BINDINGS section below). This command is called with one argument, the pathname of the entry. This command should
perform appropriate actions to close the specified entry. If the -closecmd option is not specified, the default closing action is to hide
all child entries of the specified entry. [-command command] Specifies a command to call whenever the user activates an entry (usually by
double-clicking on the entry). The command is called with one argument, the pathname of the entry. [-ignoreinvoke ignoreInvoke] A Boolean
value that specifies when a branch should be opened or closed. A branch will always be opened or closed when the user presses the (+) and
(-) indicators. However, when the user invokes a branch (by doublc-clicking or pressing <Return>), the branch will be opened or closed only
if -ignoreinvoke is set to false (the default setting).
[-opencmd openCmd] Specifies a command to call whenever an entry needs to be opened (See the BINDINGS section below). This command is
called with one argument, the pathname of the entry. This command should perform appropriate actions to open the specified entry. If the
-opencmd option is not specified, the default opening action is to show all the child entries of the specified entry.
The hierarchical listbox that displays the tree.
The horizontal scrollbar subwidget.
The vertical scrollbar subwidget.
The tixTree command creates a new window (given by the pathName argument) and makes it into a Tree widget. Additional options, described
above, may be specified on the command line or in the option database to configure aspects of the Tree widget such as its cursor and
The Tree widget can be used to display hierachical data in a tree form. The user can adjust the view of the tree by opening or closing
parts of the tree.
To display a static tree structure, you can add the entries into the hlist subwidget and hide any entries as desired. Then you can call the
autosetmode method. This will set up the Tree widget so that it handles all the open and close events automatically.
The above method is not applicable if you want to maintain a dynamic tree structure, i.e, you do not know all the entries in the tree and
you need to add or delete entries subsequently. To do this, you should first create the entries in the hlist subwidget. Then, use the set-
mode method to indicate the entries that can be opened or closed, and use the -opencmd and -closecmd options to handle the opening and
The tixTree command creates a new Tcl command whose name is the same as the path name of the Tree's window. This command may be used to
invoke various operations on the widget. It has the following general form:
pathName option ?arg arg ...?
PathName is the name of the command, which is the same as the Tree widget's path name. Option and the args determine the exact behavior of
the command. The following commands are possible for Tree widgets:
This command calls the setmode method for all the entries in this Tree widget: if an entry has no child entries, its mode is set to
none. Otherwise, if the entry has any hidden child entries, its mode is set to open; otherwise its mode is set to close.
pathName cget option
Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the tixTree
pathName close entryPath
Close the entry given by entryPath if its mode is close.
pathName configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available
options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then
the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value
returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget
option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option may have any of the values accepted
by the tixTree command.
pathName getmode entryPath
Returns the current mode of the entry given by entryPath.
pathName open entryPath
Open the entry givaen by entryPath if its mode is open.
pathName setmode entryPath mode
This command is used to indicate whether the entry given by entryPath has children entries and whether the children are visible.
mode must be one of open, close or none. If mode is set to open, a (+) indicator is drawn next the the entry. If mode is set to
close, a (-) indicator is drawn next the the entry. If mode is set to none, no indicators will be drawn for this entry. The default
mode is none. The open mode indicates the entry has hidden children and this entry can be opened by the user. The close mode indi-
cates that all the children of the entry are now visible and the entry can be closed by the user.
pathName subwidget name ?args?
When no options are given, this command returns the pathname of the subwidget of the specified name.
When options are given, the widget command of the specified subwidget will be called with these options.
The basic mouse and keyboard bindings of the Tree widget are the same as the bindings of the HList widget.
In addition, the entries can be opened or closed under the following conditions:
 If the mode of the entry is open, it can be opened by clicking on its (+) indicator or double-clicking on the entry.
 If the mode of the entry is close, it can be closed by clicking on its (-) indicator or double-clicking on the entry.
Tix 4.0 tixTree(n)