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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #798
Difficulty: Medium
To convert from a base-10 integer to its base-2 (binary) equivalent, the number is divided by two and the remainder is the least-significant bit.
True or False?
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mpt_add_chain(9) [centos man page]

MPT_ADD_CHAIN(9)					       Message-based devices						  MPT_ADD_CHAIN(9)

NAME
mpt_add_chain - Place a 32 bit chain SGE at address pAddr. SYNOPSIS
void mpt_add_chain(void * pAddr, u8 next, u16 length, dma_addr_t dma_addr); ARGUMENTS
pAddr virtual address for SGE next nextChainOffset value (u32's) length length of next SGL segment dma_addr Physical address COPYRIGHT
Kernel Hackers Manual 3.10 June 2014 MPT_ADD_CHAIN(9)

Check Out this Related Man Page

pullupmsg(9F)						   Kernel Functions for Drivers 					     pullupmsg(9F)

NAME
pullupmsg - concatenate bytes in a message SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/stream.h> int pullupmsg(mblk_t *mp, ssize_t len); INTERFACE LEVEL
Architecture independent level 1 (DDI/DKI). PARAMETERS
mp Pointer to the message whose blocks are to be concatenated. mblk_t is an instance of the msgb(9S) structure. len Number of bytes to concatenate. DESCRIPTION
pullupmsg() tries to combine multiple data blocks into a single block. pullupmsg() concatenates and aligns the first len data bytes of the message pointed to by mp. If len equals -1, all data are concatenated. If len bytes of the same message type cannot be found, pullupmsg() fails and returns 0. RETURN VALUES
On success, 1 is returned; on failure, 0 is returned. CONTEXT
pullupmsg() can be called from user or interrupt context. EXAMPLES
Example 1: Using pullupmsg() This is a driver write srv(9E) (service) routine for a device that does not support scatter/gather DMA. For all M_DATA messages, the data will be transferred to the device with DMA. First, try to pull up the message into one message block with the pullupmsg() function (line 12). If successful, the transfer can be accomplished in one DMA job. Otherwise, it must be done one message block at a time (lines 19-22). After the data has been transferred to the device, free the message and continue processing messages on the queue. 1 xxxwsrv(q) 2 queue_t *q; 3 { 4 mblk_t *mp; 5 mblk_t *tmp; 6 caddr_t dma_addr; 7 ssize_t dma_len; 8 9 while ((mp = getq(q)) != NULL) { 10 switch (mp->b_datap->db_type) { 11 case M_DATA: 12 if (pullupmsg(mp, -1)) { 13 dma_addr = vtop(mp->b_rptr); 14 dma_len = mp->b_wptr - mp->b_rptr; 15 xxx_do_dma(dma_addr, dma_len); 16 freemsg(mp); 17 break; 18 } 19 for (tmp = mp; tmp; tmp = tmp->b_cont) { 20 dma_addr = vtop(tmp->b_rptr); 21 dma_len = tmp->b_wptr - tmp->b_rptr; 22 xxx_do_dma(dma_addr, dma_len); 23 } 24 freemsg(mp); 25 break; . . . 26 } 27 } 28 } SEE ALSO
srv(9E), allocb(9F), msgpullup(9F), msgb(9S) Writing Device Drivers STREAMS Programming Guide NOTES
pullupmsg() is not included in the DKI and will be removed from the system in a future release. Device driver writers are strongly encour- aged to use msgpullup(9F) instead of pullupmsg(). SunOS 5.10 11 Nov 1996 pullupmsg(9F)

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