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charmap(5) [centos man page]

CHARMAP(5)							 Linux User Manual							CHARMAP(5)

NAME
charmap - character symbols to define character encodings DESCRIPTION
A character set description (charmap) defines a character set of available characters and their encodings. All supported character sets should have the portable character set as a proper subset. Syntax The charmap file starts with a header, that may consist of the following keywords: <codeset> is followed by the name of the codeset. <mb_cur_max> is followed by the max number of bytes for a multibyte-character. Multibyte characters are currently not supported. The default value is 1. <mb_cur_min> is followed by the min number of bytes for a character. This value must be less or equal than mb_cur_max. If not specified, it defaults to mb_cur_max. <escape_char> is followed by a character that should be used as the escape-character for the rest of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in a special way. It defaults to the backslash ( ). <comment_char> is followed by a character that will be used as the comment-character for the rest of the file. It defaults to the number sign ( # ). The charmap-definition itself starts with the keyword CHARMAP in column 1. The following lines may have one of the two following forms to define the character-encodings: <symbolic-name> <encoding> <comments> This form defines exactly one character and its encoding. <symbolic-name>...<symbolic-name> <encoding> <comments> This form defines a couple of characters. This is useful only for multibyte-characters, which are currently not implemented. The last line in a charmap-definition file must contain END CHARMAP. Symbolic names A symbolic name for a character contains only characters of the portable character set. The name itself is enclosed between angle brack- ets. Characters following an <escape_char> are interpreted as itself; for example, the sequence <\>> represents the symbolic name > enclosed in angle brackets. Character encoding The encoding may be in each of the following three forms: <escape_char>d<number> with a decimal number <escape_char>x<number> with a hexadecimal number <escape_char><number> with an octal number. FILES
/usr/share/i18n/charmaps/* CONFORMING TO
POSIX.2. SEE ALSO
locale(1), localedef(1), localeconv(3), setlocale(3), locale(5) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. 1994-11-28 CHARMAP(5)

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CHARMAP(5)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							CHARMAP(5)

NAME
charmap - character set description file DESCRIPTION
A character set description (charmap) defines all available characters and their encodings in a character set. localedef(1) can use charmaps to create locale variants for different character sets. Syntax The charmap file starts with a header that may consist of the following keywords: <code_set_name> is followed by the name of the character map. <comment_char> is followed by a character that will be used as the comment character for the rest of the file. It defaults to the number sign (#). <escape_char> is followed by a character that should be used as the escape character for the rest of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in a special way. It defaults to the backslash (). <mb_cur_max> is followed by the maximum number of bytes for a character. The default value is 1. <mb_cur_min> is followed by the minimum number of bytes for a character. This value must be less than or equal than <mb_cur_max>. If not speci- fied, it defaults to <mb_cur_max>. The character set definition section starts with the keyword CHARMAP in the first column. The following lines may have one of the two following forms to define the character set: <character> byte-sequence comment This form defines exactly one character and its byte sequence, comment being optional. <character>..<character> byte-sequence comment This form defines a character range and its byte sequence, comment being optional. The character set definition section ends with the string END CHARMAP. The character set definition section may optionally be followed by a section to define widths of characters. The WIDTH_DEFAULT keyword can be used to define the default width for all characters not explicitly listed. The default character width is 1. The width section for individual characters starts with the keyword WIDTH in the first column. The following lines may have one of the two following forms to define the widths of the characters: <character> width This form defines the width of exactly one character. <character>...<character> width This form defines the width for all the characters in the range. The width definition section ends with the string END WIDTH. FILES
/usr/share/i18n/charmaps Usual default character map path. CONFORMING TO
POSIX.2. EXAMPLE
The Euro sign is defined as follows in the UTF-8 charmap: <U20AC> /xe2/x82/xac EURO SIGN SEE ALSO
iconv(1), locale(1), localedef(1), locale(5), charsets(7) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. GNU
2016-07-17 CHARMAP(5)
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