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Text::Wrap(3pm) 		 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		  Text::Wrap(3pm)

NAME
       Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs

SYNOPSIS
       Example 1

	       use Text::Wrap;

	       $initial_tab = "\t";    # Tab before first line
	       $subsequent_tab = "";   # All other lines flush left

	       print wrap($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);
	       print fill($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);

	       $lines = wrap($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);

	       @paragraphs = fill($initial_tab, $subsequent_tab, @text);

       Example 2

	       use Text::Wrap qw(wrap $columns $huge);

	       $columns = 132;	       # Wrap at 132 characters
	       $huge = 'die';
	       $huge = 'wrap';
	       $huge = 'overflow';

       Example 3

	       use Text::Wrap;

	       $Text::Wrap::columns = 72;
	       print wrap('', '', @text);

DESCRIPTION
       "Text::Wrap::wrap()" is a very simple paragraph formatter.  It formats a single paragraph
       at a time by breaking lines at word boundaries.	Indentation is controlled for the first
       line ($initial_tab) and all subsequent lines ($subsequent_tab) independently.  Please
       note: $initial_tab and $subsequent_tab are the literal strings that will be used: it is
       unlikely you would want to pass in a number.

       Text::Wrap::fill() is a simple multi-paragraph formatter.  It formats each paragraph
       separately and then joins them together when it's done.	It will destroy any whitespace in
       the original text.  It breaks text into paragraphs by looking for whitespace after a
       newline.  In other respects it acts like wrap().

       Both "wrap()" and "fill()" return a single string.

OVERRIDES
       "Text::Wrap::wrap()" has a number of variables that control its behavior.  Because other
       modules might be using "Text::Wrap::wrap()" it is suggested that you leave these variables
       alone!  If you can't do that, then use "local($Text::Wrap::VARIABLE) = YOURVALUE" when you
       change the values so that the original value is restored.  This "local()" trick will not
       work if you import the variable into your own namespace.

       Lines are wrapped at $Text::Wrap::columns columns (default value: 76).
       $Text::Wrap::columns should be set to the full width of your output device.  In fact,
       every resulting line will have length of no more than "$columns - 1".

       It is possible to control which characters terminate words by modifying
       $Text::Wrap::break. Set this to a string such as '[\s:]' (to break before spaces or
       colons) or a pre-compiled regexp such as "qr/[\s']/" (to break before spaces or
       apostrophes). The default is simply '\s'; that is, words are terminated by spaces.  (This
       means, among other things, that trailing punctuation  such as full stops or commas stay
       with the word they are "attached" to.)  Setting $Text::Wrap::break to a regular expression
       that doesn't eat any characters (perhaps just a forward look-ahead assertion) will cause
       warnings.

       Beginner note: In example 2, above $columns is imported into the local namespace, and set
       locally.  In example 3, $Text::Wrap::columns is set in its own namespace without importing
       it.

       "Text::Wrap::wrap()" starts its work by expanding all the tabs in its input into spaces.
       The last thing it does it to turn spaces back into tabs.  If you do not want tabs in your
       results, set $Text::Wrap::unexpand to a false value.  Likewise if you do not want to use
       8-character tabstops, set $Text::Wrap::tabstop to the number of characters you do want for
       your tabstops.

       If you want to separate your lines with something other than "\n" then set
       $Text::Wrap::separator to your preference.  This replaces all newlines with
       $Text::Wrap::separator.	If you just want to preserve existing newlines but add new breaks
       with something else, set $Text::Wrap::separator2 instead.

       When words that are longer than $columns are encountered, they are broken up.  "wrap()"
       adds a "\n" at column $columns.	This behavior can be overridden by setting $huge to 'die'
       or to 'overflow'.  When set to 'die', large words will cause "die()" to be called.  When
       set to 'overflow', large words will be left intact.

       Historical notes: 'die' used to be the default value of $huge.  Now, 'wrap' is the default
       value.

EXAMPLES
       Code:

	 print wrap("\t","",<<END);
	 This is a bit of text that forms
	 a normal book-style indented paragraph
	 END

       Result:

	 "     This is a bit of text that forms
	 a normal book-style indented paragraph
	 "

       Code:

	 $Text::Wrap::columns=20;
	 $Text::Wrap::separator="|";
	 print wrap("","","This is a bit of text that forms a normal book-style paragraph");

       Result:

	 "This is a bit of|text that forms a|normal book-style|paragraph"

SEE ALSO
       For wrapping multi-byte characters: Text::WrapI18N.  For more detailed controls:
       Text::Format.

LICENSE
       David Muir Sharnoff <muir@idiom.org> with help from Tim Pierce and many many others.
       Copyright (C) 1996-2009 David Muir Sharnoff.  This module may be modified, used, copied,
       and redistributed at your own risk.  Publicly redistributed versions that are modified
       must use a different name.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-03-04				  Text::Wrap(3pm)
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