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Symbol(3pm)			 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		      Symbol(3pm)

       Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names

	   use Symbol;

	   $sym = gensym;
	   open($sym, "filename");
	   $_ = <$sym>;
	   # etc.

	   ungensym $sym;      # no effect

	   # replace *FOO{IO} handle but not $FOO, %FOO, etc.
	   *FOO = geniosym;

	   print qualify("x"), "\n";		  # "main::x"
	   print qualify("x", "FOO"), "\n";	  # "FOO::x"
	   print qualify("BAR::x"), "\n";	  # "BAR::x"
	   print qualify("BAR::x", "FOO"), "\n";  # "BAR::x"
	   print qualify("STDOUT", "FOO"), "\n";  # "main::STDOUT" (global)
	   print qualify(\*x), "\n";		  # returns \*x
	   print qualify(\*x, "FOO"), "\n";	  # returns \*x

	   use strict refs;
	   print { qualify_to_ref $fh } "foo!\n";
	   $ref = qualify_to_ref $name, $pkg;

	   use Symbol qw(delete_package);
	   print "deleted\n" unless exists $Foo::{'Bar::'};

       "Symbol::gensym" creates an anonymous glob and returns a reference to it.  Such a glob
       reference can be used as a file or directory handle.

       For backward compatibility with older implementations that didn't support anonymous globs,
       "Symbol::ungensym" is also provided.  But it doesn't do anything.

       "Symbol::geniosym" creates an anonymous IO handle.  This can be assigned into an existing
       glob without affecting the non-IO portions of the glob.

       "Symbol::qualify" turns unqualified symbol names into qualified variable names (e.g.
       "myvar" -> "MyPackage::myvar").	If it is given a second parameter, "qualify" uses it as
       the default package; otherwise, it uses the package of its caller.  Regardless, global
       variable names (e.g. "STDOUT", "ENV", "SIG") are always qualified with "main::".

       Qualification applies only to symbol names (strings).  References are left unchanged under
       the assumption that they are glob references, which are qualified by their nature.

       "Symbol::qualify_to_ref" is just like "Symbol::qualify" except that it returns a glob ref
       rather than a symbol name, so you can use the result even if "use strict 'refs'" is in

       "Symbol::delete_package" wipes out a whole package namespace.  Note this routine is not
       exported by default--you may want to import it explicitly.

       "Symbol::delete_package" is a bit too powerful. It undefines every symbol that lives in
       the specified package. Since perl, for performance reasons, does not perform a symbol
       table lookup each time a function is called or a global variable is accessed, some code
       that has already been loaded and that makes use of symbols in package "Foo" may stop
       working after you delete "Foo", even if you reload the "Foo" module afterwards.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-02-26				      Symbol(3pm)
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