Net::Cmd(3pm) Perl Programmers Reference Guide Net::Cmd(3pm)
Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)
@ISA = qw(Net::Cmd);
"Net::Cmd" is a collection of methods that can be inherited by a sub class of
"IO::Handle". These methods implement the functionality required for a command based
protocol, for example FTP and SMTP.
These methods provide a user interface to the "Net::Cmd" object.
debug ( VALUE )
Set the level of debug information for this object. If "VALUE" is not given then the
current state is returned. Otherwise the state is changed to "VALUE" and the previous
Different packages may implement different levels of debug but a non-zero value
results in copies of all commands and responses also being sent to STDERR.
If "VALUE" is "undef" then the debug level will be set to the default debug level for
This method can also be called as a static method to set/get the default debug level
for a given class.
Returns the text message returned from the last command
Returns the 3-digit code from the last command. If a command is pending then the value
0 is returned
Returns non-zero if the last code value was greater than zero and less than 400. This
holds true for most command servers. Servers where this does not hold may override
Returns the most significant digit of the current status code. If a command is pending
then "CMD_PENDING" is returned.
datasend ( DATA )
Send data to the remote server, converting LF to CRLF. Any line starting with a '.'
will be prefixed with another '.'. "DATA" may be an array or a reference to an array.
End the sending of data to the remote server. This is done by ensuring that the data
already sent ends with CRLF then sending '.CRLF' to end the transmission. Once this
data has been sent "dataend" calls "response" and returns true if "response" returns
These methods are not intended to be called by the user, but used or over-ridden by a sub-
class of "Net::Cmd"
debug_print ( DIR, TEXT )
Print debugging information. "DIR" denotes the direction true being data being sent to
the server. Calls "debug_text" before printing to STDERR.
debug_text ( TEXT )
This method is called to print debugging information. TEXT is the text being sent. The
method should return the text to be printed
This is primarily meant for the use of modules such as FTP where passwords are sent,
but we do not want to display them in the debugging information.
command ( CMD [, ARGS, ... ])
Send a command to the command server. All arguments a first joined with a space
character and CRLF is appended, this string is then sent to the command server.
Returns undef upon failure
Sets the status code to 580 and the response text to 'Unsupported command'. Returns
Obtain a response from the server. Upon success the most significant digit of the
status code is returned. Upon failure, timeout etc., undef is returned.
parse_response ( TEXT )
This method is called by "response" as a method with one argument. It should return an
array of 2 values, the 3-digit status code and a flag which is true when this is part
of a multi-line response and this line is not the list.
Retrieve one line, delimited by CRLF, from the remote server. Returns undef upon
NOTE: If you do use this method for any reason, please remember to add some
"debug_print" calls into your method.
ungetline ( TEXT )
Unget a line of text from the server.
rawdatasend ( DATA )
Send data to the remote server without performing any conversions. "DATA" is a scalar.
Read data from the remote server until a line consisting of a single '.'. Any lines
starting with '..' will have one of the '.'s removed.
Returns a reference to a list containing the lines, or undef upon failure.
Returns a filehandle tied to the Net::Cmd object. After issuing a command, you may
read from this filehandle using read() or <>. The filehandle will return EOF when the
final dot is encountered. Similarly, you may write to the filehandle in order to send
data to the server after issuing a command that expects data to be written.
See the Net::POP3 and Net::SMTP modules for examples of this.
"Net::Cmd" exports six subroutines, five of these, "CMD_INFO", "CMD_OK", "CMD_MORE",
"CMD_REJECT" and "CMD_ERROR", correspond to possible results of "response" and "status".
The sixth is "CMD_PENDING".
Graham Barr <email@example.com>
Copyright (c) 1995-2006 Graham Barr. All rights reserved. This program is free software;
you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
perl v5.16.3 2013-02-26 Net::Cmd(3pm)