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IO::File(3pm)			 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		    IO::File(3pm)

NAME
       IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

SYNOPSIS
	   use IO::File;

	   $fh = IO::File->new();
	   if ($fh->open("< file")) {
	       print <$fh>;
	       $fh->close;
	   }

	   $fh = IO::File->new("> file");
	   if (defined $fh) {
	       print $fh "bar\n";
	       $fh->close;
	   }

	   $fh = IO::File->new("file", "r");
	   if (defined $fh) {
	       print <$fh>;
	       undef $fh;	# automatically closes the file
	   }

	   $fh = IO::File->new("file", O_WRONLY|O_APPEND);
	   if (defined $fh) {
	       print $fh "corge\n";

	       $pos = $fh->getpos;
	       $fh->setpos($pos);

	       undef $fh;	# automatically closes the file
	   }

	   autoflush STDOUT 1;

DESCRIPTION
       "IO::File" inherits from "IO::Handle" and "IO::Seekable". It extends these classes with
       methods that are specific to file handles.

CONSTRUCTOR
       new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )
	   Creates an "IO::File".  If it receives any parameters, they are passed to the method
	   "open"; if the open fails, the object is destroyed.	Otherwise, it is returned to the
	   caller.

       new_tmpfile
	   Creates an "IO::File" opened for read/write on a newly created temporary file.  On
	   systems where this is possible, the temporary file is anonymous (i.e. it is unlinked
	   after creation, but held open).  If the temporary file cannot be created or opened,
	   the "IO::File" object is destroyed.	Otherwise, it is returned to the caller.

METHODS
       open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )
       open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS )
	   "open" accepts one, two or three parameters.  With one parameter, it is just a front
	   end for the built-in "open" function.  With two or three parameters, the first
	   parameter is a filename that may include whitespace or other special characters, and
	   the second parameter is the open mode, optionally followed by a file permission value.

	   If "IO::File::open" receives a Perl mode string (">", "+<", etc.)  or an ANSI C
	   fopen() mode string ("w", "r+", etc.), it uses the basic Perl "open" operator (but
	   protects any special characters).

	   If "IO::File::open" is given a numeric mode, it passes that mode and the optional
	   permissions value to the Perl "sysopen" operator.  The permissions default to 0666.

	   If "IO::File::open" is given a mode that includes the ":" character, it passes all the
	   three arguments to the three-argument "open" operator.

	   For convenience, "IO::File" exports the O_XXX constants from the Fcntl module, if this
	   module is available.

       binmode( [LAYER] )
	   "binmode" sets "binmode" on the underlying "IO" object, as documented in "perldoc -f
	   binmode".

	   "binmode" accepts one optional parameter, which is the layer to be passed on to the
	   "binmode" call.

NOTE
       Some operating systems may perform  "IO::File::new()" or "IO::File::open()" on a directory
       without errors.	This behavior is not portable and not suggested for use.  Using
       "opendir()" and "readdir()" or "IO::Dir" are suggested instead.

SEE ALSO
       perlfunc, "I/O Operators" in perlop, IO::Handle, IO::Seekable, IO::Dir

HISTORY
       Derived from FileHandle.pm by Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-03-04				    IO::File(3pm)
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