SIGHOLD(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual SIGHOLD(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond-
ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
sighold, sigignore, sigpause, sigrelse, sigset - signal management
int sighold(int sig);
int sigignore(int sig);
int sigpause(int sig);
int sigrelse(int sig);
void (*sigset(int sig, void (*disp)(int)))(int);
Use of any of these functions is unspecified in a multi-threaded process.
The sighold(), sigignore(), sigpause(), sigrelse(), and sigset() functions provide simplified signal management.
The sigset() function shall modify signal dispositions. The sig argument specifies the signal, which may be any signal except SIGKILL and
SIGSTOP. The disp argument specifies the signal's disposition, which may be SIG_DFL, SIG_IGN, or the address of a signal handler. If
sigset() is used, and disp is the address of a signal handler, the system shall add sig to the calling process' signal mask before execut-
ing the signal handler; when the signal handler returns, the system shall restore the calling process' signal mask to its state prior to
the delivery of the signal. In addition, if sigset() is used, and disp is equal to SIG_HOLD, sig shall be added to the calling process'
signal mask and sig's disposition shall remain unchanged. If sigset() is used, and disp is not equal to SIG_HOLD, sig shall be removed from
the calling process' signal mask.
The sighold() function shall add sig to the calling process' signal mask.
The sigrelse() function shall remove sig from the calling process' signal mask.
The sigignore() function shall set the disposition of sig to SIG_IGN.
The sigpause() function shall remove sig from the calling process' signal mask and suspend the calling process until a signal is received.
The sigpause() function shall restore the process' signal mask to its original state before returning.
If the action for the SIGCHLD signal is set to SIG_IGN, child processes of the calling processes shall not be transformed into zombie pro-
cesses when they terminate. If the calling process subsequently waits for its children, and the process has no unwaited-for children that
were transformed into zombie processes, it shall block until all of its children terminate, and wait(), waitid(), and waitpid() shall fail
and set errno to [ECHILD].
Upon successful completion, sigset() shall return SIG_HOLD if the signal had been blocked and the signal's previous disposition if it had
not been blocked. Otherwise, SIG_ERR shall be returned and errno set to indicate the error.
The sigpause() function shall suspend execution of the thread until a signal is received, whereupon it shall return -1 and set errno to
For all other functions, upon successful completion, 0 shall be returned. Otherwise, -1 shall be returned and errno set to indicate the
These functions shall fail if:
EINVAL The sig argument is an illegal signal number.
The sigset() and sigignore() functions shall fail if:
EINVAL An attempt is made to catch a signal that cannot be caught, or to ignore a signal that cannot be ignored.
The following sections are informative.
The sigaction() function provides a more comprehensive and reliable mechanism for controlling signals; new applications should use sigac-
tion() rather than sigset().
The sighold() function, in conjunction with sigrelse() or sigpause(), may be used to establish critical regions of code that require the
delivery of a signal to be temporarily deferred.
The sigsuspend() function should be used in preference to sigpause() for broader portability.
Signal Concepts, exec(), pause(), sigaction(), signal(), sigsuspend(), waitid(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sig-
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol-
ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE
and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained
online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
/The Open Group 2003 SIGHOLD(3P)