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sem_init(3p) [centos man page]

SEM_INIT(3P)						     POSIX Programmer's Manual						      SEM_INIT(3P)

PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond- ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux. NAME
sem_init - initialize an unnamed semaphore (REALTIME) SYNOPSIS
#include <semaphore.h> int sem_init(sem_t *sem, int pshared, unsigned value); DESCRIPTION
The sem_init() function shall initialize the unnamed semaphore referred to by sem. The value of the initialized semaphore shall be value. Following a successful call to sem_init(), the semaphore may be used in subsequent calls to sem_wait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy(). This semaphore shall remain usable until the semaphore is destroyed. If the pshared argument has a non-zero value, then the semaphore is shared between processes; in this case, any process that can access the semaphore sem can use sem for performing sem_wait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy() operations. Only sem itself may be used for performing synchronization. The result of referring to copies of sem in calls to sem_wait(), sem_try- wait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy() is undefined. If the pshared argument is zero, then the semaphore is shared between threads of the process; any thread in this process can use sem for performing sem_wait(), sem_trywait(), sem_post(), and sem_destroy() operations. The use of the semaphore by threads other than those cre- ated in the same process is undefined. Attempting to initialize an already initialized semaphore results in undefined behavior. RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, the sem_init() function shall initialize the semaphore in sem. Otherwise, it shall return -1 and set errno to indicate the error. ERRORS
The sem_init() function shall fail if: EINVAL The value argument exceeds {SEM_VALUE_MAX}. ENOSPC A resource required to initialize the semaphore has been exhausted, or the limit on semaphores ( {SEM_NSEMS_MAX}) has been reached. EPERM The process lacks the appropriate privileges to initialize the semaphore. The following sections are informative. EXAMPLES
None. APPLICATION USAGE
The sem_init() function is part of the Semaphores option and need not be available on all implementations. RATIONALE
Although this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 fails to specify a successful return value, it is likely that a later version may require the implementation to return a value of zero if the call to sem_init() is successful. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None. SEE ALSO
sem_destroy(), sem_post(), sem_timedwait(), sem_trywait(), sem_wait(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <semaphore.h> COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html . IEEE
/The Open Group 2003 SEM_INIT(3P)

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sem_init(3C)						   Standard C Library Functions 					      sem_init(3C)

NAME
sem_init - initialize an unnamed semaphore SYNOPSIS
#include <semaphore.h> int sem_init(sem_t *sem, int pshared, unsigned int value); DESCRIPTION
The sem_init() function is used to initialize the unnamed semaphore referred to by sem. The value of the initialized semaphore is value. Following a successful call to sem_init(), the semaphore may be used in subsequent calls to sem_wait(3C), sem_trywait(3C), sem_post(3C), and sem_destroy(3C). This semaphore remains usable until the semaphore is destroyed. If the pshared argument has a non-zero value, then the semaphore is shared between processes; in this case, any process that can access the semaphore sem can use sem for performing sem_wait(3C), sem_trywait(3C), sem_post(3C), and sem_destroy(3C) operations. Only sem itself may be used for performing synchronization. The result of referring to copies of sem in calls to sem_wait(3C), sem_try- wait(3C), sem_post(3C), and sem_destroy(3C), is undefined. If the pshared argument is zero, then the semaphore is shared between threads of the process; any thread in this process can use sem for performing sem_wait(3C), sem_trywait(3C), sem_post(3C), and sem_destroy(3C) operations. The use of the semaphore by threads other than those created in the same process is undefined. Attempting to initialize an already initialized semaphore results in undefined behavior. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, the function initializes the semaphore in sem. Otherwise, it returns -1 and sets errno to indicate the error. ERRORS
The sem_init() function will fail if: EINVAL The value argument exceeds SEM_VALUE_MAX. ENOSPC A resource required to initialize the semaphore has been exhausted, or the resources have reached the limit on semaphores (SEM_NSEMS_MAX). ENOSYS The sem_init() function is not supported by the system. EPERM The process lacks the appropriate privileges to initialize the semaphore. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |ATTRIBUTE TYPE |ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Committed | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |MT-Safe | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Standard |See standards(5). | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
sem_destroy(3C), sem_post(3C), sem_wait(3C), attributes(5), standards(5) SunOS 5.11 5 Feb 2008 sem_init(3C)
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