ACOS(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual ACOS(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond-
ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
acos, acosf, acosl - arc cosine functions
double acos(double x);
float acosf(float x);
long double acosl(long double x);
These functions shall compute the principal value of the arc cosine of their argument x. The value of x should be in the range [-1,1].
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these
functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the arc cosine of x, in the range [0,pi] radians.
For finite values of x not in the range [-1,1], a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined
value shall be returned.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is +1, +0 shall be returned.
If x is +-Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if:
The x argument is finite and is not in the range [-1,1], or is +-Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression
(math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at
least one of them must be non-zero.
cos(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Con-
ditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol-
ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE
and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained
online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
/The Open Group 2003 ACOS(3P)