
zggsvd.f(3) LAPACK zggsvd.f(3)
NAME
zggsvd.f 
SYNOPSIS
Functions/Subroutines
subroutine zggsvd (JOBU, JOBV, JOBQ, M, N, P, K, L, A, LDA, B, LDB, ALPHA, BETA, U, LDU,
V, LDV, Q, LDQ, WORK, RWORK, IWORK, INFO)
ZGGSVD computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices
Function/Subroutine Documentation
subroutine zggsvd (characterJOBU, characterJOBV, characterJOBQ, integerM, integerN, integerP,
integerK, integerL, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, complex*16, dimension(
ldb, * )B, integerLDB, double precision, dimension( * )ALPHA, double precision, dimension(
* )BETA, complex*16, dimension( ldu, * )U, integerLDU, complex*16, dimension( ldv, * )V,
integerLDV, complex*16, dimension( ldq, * )Q, integerLDQ, complex*16, dimension( * )WORK,
double precision, dimension( * )RWORK, integer, dimension( * )IWORK, integerINFO)
ZGGSVD computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices
Purpose:
ZGGSVD computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD)
of an MbyN complex matrix A and PbyN complex matrix B:
U**H*A*Q = D1*( 0 R ), V**H*B*Q = D2*( 0 R )
where U, V and Q are unitary matrices.
Let K+L = the effective numerical rank of the
matrix (A**H,B**H)**H, then R is a (K+L)by(K+L) nonsingular upper
triangular matrix, D1 and D2 are Mby(K+L) and Pby(K+L) "diagonal"
matrices and of the following structures, respectively:
If MKL >= 0,
K L
D1 = K ( I 0 )
L ( 0 C )
MKL ( 0 0 )
K L
D2 = L ( 0 S )
PL ( 0 0 )
NKL K L
( 0 R ) = K ( 0 R11 R12 )
L ( 0 0 R22 )
where
C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(K+L) ),
S = diag( BETA(K+1), ... , BETA(K+L) ),
C**2 + S**2 = I.
R is stored in A(1:K+L,NKL+1:N) on exit.
If MKL < 0,
K MK K+LM
D1 = K ( I 0 0 )
MK ( 0 C 0 )
K MK K+LM
D2 = MK ( 0 S 0 )
K+LM ( 0 0 I )
PL ( 0 0 0 )
NKL K MK K+LM
( 0 R ) = K ( 0 R11 R12 R13 )
MK ( 0 0 R22 R23 )
K+LM ( 0 0 0 R33 )
where
C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(M) ),
S = diag( BETA(K+1), ... , BETA(M) ),
C**2 + S**2 = I.
(R11 R12 R13 ) is stored in A(1:M, NKL+1:N), and R33 is stored
( 0 R22 R23 )
in B(MK+1:L,N+MKL+1:N) on exit.
The routine computes C, S, R, and optionally the unitary
transformation matrices U, V and Q.
In particular, if B is an NbyN nonsingular matrix, then the GSVD of
A and B implicitly gives the SVD of A*inv(B):
A*inv(B) = U*(D1*inv(D2))*V**H.
If ( A**H,B**H)**H has orthnormal columns, then the GSVD of A and B is also
equal to the CS decomposition of A and B. Furthermore, the GSVD can
be used to derive the solution of the eigenvalue problem:
A**H*A x = lambda* B**H*B x.
In some literature, the GSVD of A and B is presented in the form
U**H*A*X = ( 0 D1 ), V**H*B*X = ( 0 D2 )
where U and V are orthogonal and X is nonsingular, and D1 and D2 are
``diagonal''. The former GSVD form can be converted to the latter
form by taking the nonsingular matrix X as
X = Q*( I 0 )
( 0 inv(R) )
Parameters:
JOBU
JOBU is CHARACTER*1
= 'U': Unitary matrix U is computed;
= 'N': U is not computed.
JOBV
JOBV is CHARACTER*1
= 'V': Unitary matrix V is computed;
= 'N': V is not computed.
JOBQ
JOBQ is CHARACTER*1
= 'Q': Unitary matrix Q is computed;
= 'N': Q is not computed.
M
M is INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix A. M >= 0.
N
N is INTEGER
The number of columns of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.
P
P is INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix B. P >= 0.
K
K is INTEGER
L
L is INTEGER
On exit, K and L specify the dimension of the subblocks
described in Purpose.
K + L = effective numerical rank of (A**H,B**H)**H.
A
A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the MbyN matrix A.
On exit, A contains the triangular matrix R, or part of R.
See Purpose for details.
LDA
LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
B
B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,N)
On entry, the PbyN matrix B.
On exit, B contains part of the triangular matrix R if
MKL < 0. See Purpose for details.
LDB
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,P).
ALPHA
ALPHA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
BETA
BETA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
On exit, ALPHA and BETA contain the generalized singular
value pairs of A and B;
ALPHA(1:K) = 1,
BETA(1:K) = 0,
and if MKL >= 0,
ALPHA(K+1:K+L) = C,
BETA(K+1:K+L) = S,
or if MKL < 0,
ALPHA(K+1:M)=C, ALPHA(M+1:K+L)=0
BETA(K+1:M) =S, BETA(M+1:K+L) =1
and
ALPHA(K+L+1:N) = 0
BETA(K+L+1:N) = 0
U
U is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDU,M)
If JOBU = 'U', U contains the MbyM unitary matrix U.
If JOBU = 'N', U is not referenced.
LDU
LDU is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= max(1,M) if
JOBU = 'U'; LDU >= 1 otherwise.
V
V is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDV,P)
If JOBV = 'V', V contains the PbyP unitary matrix V.
If JOBV = 'N', V is not referenced.
LDV
LDV is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array V. LDV >= max(1,P) if
JOBV = 'V'; LDV >= 1 otherwise.
Q
Q is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDQ,N)
If JOBQ = 'Q', Q contains the NbyN unitary matrix Q.
If JOBQ = 'N', Q is not referenced.
LDQ
LDQ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= max(1,N) if
JOBQ = 'Q'; LDQ >= 1 otherwise.
WORK
WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (max(3*N,M,P)+N)
RWORK
RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (2*N)
IWORK
IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
On exit, IWORK stores the sorting information. More
precisely, the following loop will sort ALPHA
for I = K+1, min(M,K+L)
swap ALPHA(I) and ALPHA(IWORK(I))
endfor
such that ALPHA(1) >= ALPHA(2) >= ... >= ALPHA(N).
INFO
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
< 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value.
> 0: if INFO = 1, the Jacobitype procedure failed to
converge. For further details, see subroutine ZTGSJA.
Internal Parameters:
TOLA DOUBLE PRECISION
TOLB DOUBLE PRECISION
TOLA and TOLB are the thresholds to determine the effective
rank of (A**H,B**H)**H. Generally, they are set to
TOLA = MAX(M,N)*norm(A)*MAZHEPS,
TOLB = MAX(P,N)*norm(B)*MAZHEPS.
The size of TOLA and TOLB may affect the size of backward
errors of the decomposition.
Author:
Univ. of Tennessee
Univ. of California Berkeley
Univ. of Colorado Denver
NAG Ltd.
Date:
November 2011
Contributors:
Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley,
USA
Definition at line 334 of file zggsvd.f.
Author
Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.
Version 3.4.2 Tue Sep 25 2012 zggsvd.f(3) 
