XtCreateWidget(3) XT FUNCTIONS XtCreateWidget(3)
XtCreateWidget, XtVaCreateWidget, XtCreateManagedWidget, XtVaCreateManagedWidget,
XtDestroyWidget - create and destroy widgets
Widget XtCreateWidget(String name, WidgetClass widget_class, Widget parent, ArgList args,
Widget XtVaCreateWidget(String name, WidgetClass widget_class, Widget parent, ...);
Widget XtCreateManagedWidget(String name, WidgetClass widget_class, Widget parent, ArgList
args, Cardinal num_args);
Widget XtVaCreateManagedWidget(String name, WidgetClass widget_class, Widget parent, ...);
void XtDestroyWidget(Widget w);
args Specifies the argument list to override the resource defaults.
name Specifies the resource name for the created widget, which is used for retrieving
resources and, for that reason, should not be the same as any other widget that
is a child of same parent.
num_args Specifies the number of arguments in the argument list.
parent Specifies the parent widget.
w Specifies the widget.
Specifies the widget class pointer for the created widget.
... Specifies the variable argument list to override the resource defaults.
The XtCreateWidget function performs much of the boilerplate operations of widget cre-
o Checks to see if the class_initialize procedure has been called for this class and
for all superclasses and, if not, calls those necessary in a superclass-to-subclass
o Allocates memory for the widget instance.
o If the parent is a subclass of constraintWidgetClass, it allocates memory for the
parent's constraints and stores the address of this memory into the constraints
o Initializes the core nonresource data fields (for example, parent and visible).
o Initializes the resource fields (for example, background_pixel) by using the resource
lists specified for this class and all superclasses.
o If the parent is a subclass of constraintWidgetClass, it initializes the resource
fields of the constraints record by using the constraint resource list specified for
the parent's class and all superclasses up to constraintWidgetClass.
o Calls the initialize procedures for the widget by starting at the Core initialize
procedure on down to the widget's initialize procedure.
o If the parent is a subclass of compositeWidgetClass, it puts the widget into its par-
ent's children list by calling its parent's insert_child procedure. For further
information, see Section 3.5.
o If the parent is a subclass of constraintWidgetClass, it calls the constraint ini-
tialize procedures, starting at constraintWidgetClass on down to the parent's con-
straint initialize procedure.
Note that you can determine the number of arguments in an argument list by using the
XtNumber macro. For further information, see Section 11.1.
The XtCreateManagedWidget function is a convenience routine that calls XtCreateWidget and
The XtDestroyWidget function provides the only method of destroying a widget, including
widgets that need to destroy themselves. It can be called at any time, including from an
application callback routine of the widget being destroyed. This requires a two-phase
destroy process in order to avoid dangling references to destroyed widgets.
In phase one, XtDestroyWidget performs the following:
o If the being_destroyed field of the widget is True, it returns immediately.
o Recursively descends the widget tree and sets the being_destroyed field to True for
the widget and all children.
o Adds the widget to a list of widgets (the destroy list) that should be destroyed when
it is safe to do so.
Entries on the destroy list satisfy the invariant that if w2 occurs after w1 on the
destroy list then w2 is not a descendent of w1. (A descendant refers to both normal and
Phase two occurs when all procedures that should execute as a result of the current event
have been called (including all procedures registered with the event and translation man-
agers), that is, when the current invocation of XtDispatchEvent is about to return or
immediately if not in XtDispatchEvent.
In phase two, XtDestroyWidget performs the following on each entry in the destroy list:
o Calls the destroy callback procedures registered on the widget (and all descendants)
in post-order (it calls children callbacks before parent callbacks).
o If the widget's parent is a subclass of compositeWidgetClass and if the parent is not
being destroyed, it calls XtUnmanageChild on the widget and then calls the widget's
parent's delete_child procedure (see Section 3.4).
o If the widget's parent is a subclass of constraintWidgetClass, it calls the con-
straint destroy procedure for the parent, then the parent's superclass, until finally
it calls the constraint destroy procedure for constraintWidgetClass.
o Calls the destroy methods for the widget (and all descendants) in post-order. For
each such widget, it calls the destroy procedure declared in the widget class, then
the destroy procedure declared in its superclass, until finally it calls the destroy
procedure declared in the Core class record.
o Calls XDestroyWindow if the widget is realized (that is, has an X window). The
server recursively destroys all descendant windows.
o Recursively descends the tree and deallocates all pop-up widgets, constraint records,
callback lists and, if the widget is a subclass of compositeWidgetClass, children.
X Toolkit Intrinsics - C Language Interface
Xlib - C Language X Interface
X Version 11 libXt 1.1.4 XtCreateWidget(3)