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Spinbox(3)		       User Contributed Perl Documentation		       Spinbox(3)

NAME
       Tk::Spinbox - Create and manipulate Spinbox widgets

SYNOPSIS
       $spinbox =  $parent->Spinbox(?options?);

	-activebackground    -highlightthickness -repeatinterval
	-background	     -insertbackground	 -selectbackground
	-borderwidth	     -insertborderwidth  -selectborderwidth
	-cursor 	     -insertontime	 -selectforeground
	-exportselection     -insertwidth	 -takefocus
	-font		     -insertofftime	 -textvariable
	-foreground	     -justify		 -xscrollcommand
	-highlightbackground -relief
	-highlightcolor      -repeatdelay

WIDGET-SPECIFIC OPTIONS
       Option:	 -buttonbackground
       Name:	 buttonBackground
       Class:	 Background
	   The background color to be used for the spin buttons.

       Option:	 -buttoncursor
       Name:	 buttonCursor
       Class:	 Cursor
	   The cursor to be used when over the spin buttons.  If this is empty (the default), a
	   default cursor will be used.

       Option:	 -buttondownrelief
       Name:	 buttonDownRelief
       Class:	 Relief
	   The relief to be used for the upper spin button.

       Option:	 -buttonuprelief
       Name:	 buttonUpRelief
       Class:	 Relief
	   The relief to be used for the lower spin button.

       Option:	 -command
       Name:	 command
       Class:	 Command
	   Specifies a Perl/Tk callback to invoke whenever a Spinbutton is invoked.  The callback
	   has these two arguments appended to any existing callback arguments: the current value
	   of the widget and the direction of the button press (up or down).

       Option:	 -disabledbackground
       Name:	 disabledBackground
       Class:	 DisabledBackground
	   Specifies the background color to use when the Spinbox is disabled.	If this option is
	   the empty string, the normal background color is used.

       Option:	 -disabledforeground
       Name:	 disabledForeground
       Class:	 DisabledForeground
	   Specifies the foreground color to use when the Spinbox is disabled.	If this option is
	   the empty string, the normal foreground color is used.

       Option:	 -format
       Name:	 format
       Class:	 Format
	   Specifies an alternate format to use when setting the string value when using the
	   -from and -to range.  This must be a format specifier of the form %<pad>.<pad>f, as it
	   will format a floating-point number.

       Option:	 -from
       Name:	 from
       Class:	 From
	   A floating-point value corresponding to the lowest value for a Spinbox, to be used in
	   conjunction with -to and -increment.  When all are specified correctly, the Spinbox
	   will use these values to control its contents.  This value must be less than the -to
	   option.  If -values is specified, it supercedes this option.

       Option:	 -invalidcommand
       Alias:	 -invcmd
       Name:	 invalidCommand
       Class:	 InvalidCommand
	   Specifies a script to eval when validateCommand returns 0.  Setting it to an empty
	   string disables this feature (the default).	The best use of this option is to set it
	   to bell.  See Validation below for more information.

       Option:	 -increment
       Name:	 increment
       Class:	 Increment
	   A floating-point value specifying the increment.  When used with -from and -to, the
	   value in the widget will be adjusted by -increment when a spin button is pressed (up
	   adds the value, down subtracts the value).

       Option:	 -readonlybackground
       Name:	 readonlyBackground
       Class:	 ReadonlyBackground
	   Specifies the background color to use when the Spinbox is readonly.	If this option is
	   the empty string, the normal background color is used.

       Option:	 -state
       Name:	 state
       Class:	 State
	   Specifies one of three states for the Spinbox:  normal, disabled, or readonly.  If the
	   Spinbox is readonly, then the value may not be changed using methods and no insertion
	   cursor will be displayed, even if the input focus is in the widget; the contents of
	   the widget may still be selected.  If the Spinbox is disabled, the value may not be
	   changed, no insertion cursor will be displayed, the contents will not be selectable,
	   and the Spinbox may be displayed in a different color, depending on the values of the
	   -disabledforeground and -disabledbackground options.

       Option:	 -to
       Name:	 to
       Class:	 To
	   A floating-point value corresponding to the highest value for the Spinbox, to be used
	   in conjunction with -from and -increment.  When all are specified correctly, the
	   Spinbox will use these values to control its contents.  This value must be greater
	   than the -from option.  If -values is specified, it supercedes this option.

       Option:	 -validate
       Name:	 validate
       Class:	 Validate
	   Specifies the mode in which validation should operate: none, focus, focusin, focusout,
	   key, or all.  It defaults to none.  When you want validation, you must explicitly
	   state which mode you wish to use.  See Validation below for more.

       Option:	 -validatecommand
       Alias:	 -vcmd
       Name:	 validateCommand
       Class:	 ValidateCommand
	   Specifies a script to evaluate when you want to validate the input in the widget.
	   Setting it to an empty string disables this feature (the default).  Validation occurs
	   according to the value of -validate.  This command must return a valid boolean value.
	   If it returns 0 (or the valid boolean equivalent) then the value of the widget will
	   not change and the invalidCommand will be evaluated if it is set.  If it returns 1,
	   then value will be changed.	See Validation below for more information.

       Option:	 -values
       Name:	 values
       Class:	 Values
	   Must be a proper list value.  If specified, the Spinbox will use these values as to
	   control its contents, starting with the first value.  This option has precedence over
	   the -from and -to range.

       Option:	 -width
       Name:	 width
       Class:	 Width
	   Specifies an integer value indicating the desired width of the Spinbox window, in
	   average-size characters of the widget's font.  If the value is less than or equal to
	   zero, the widget picks a size just large enough to hold its current text.

       Option:	 -wrap
       Name:	 wrap
       Class:	 Wrap
	   Must be a proper boolean value.  If on, the Spinbox will wrap around the values of
	   data in the widget.

DESCRIPTION
       The Spinbox method creates a new window (given by the $spinbox argument) and makes it into
       a Spinbox widget.  Additional options, described above, may be specified on the command
       line or in the option database to configure aspects of the Spinbox such as its colors,
       font, and relief.

       A Spinbox is an extended Entry widget that allows he user to move, or spin, through a
       fixed set of ascending or descending values such as times or dates in addition to editing
       the value as in an entry.  When first created, a Spinbox's string is empty.  A portion of
       the Spinbox may be selected as described below.	If a Spinbox is exporting its selection
       (see the exportSelection option), then it will observe the standard protocols for handling
       the selection;  Spinbox selections are available as type STRING.  Spinboxes also observe
       the standard Tk rules for dealing with the input focus.	When a Spinbox has the input
       focus it displays an insertion cursor to indicate where new characters will be inserted.

       Spinboxes are capable of displaying strings that are too long to fit entirely within the
       widget's window.  In this case, only a portion of the string will be displayed; commands
       described below may be used to change the view in the window.  Spinboxes use the standard
       -xscrollcommand mechanism for interacting with scrollbars (see the description of the
       -xscrollcommand option for details).  They also support scanning, as described below.

VALIDATION
       Validation works by setting the validateCommand option to a callback which will be
       evaluated according to the validate option as follows:

       none
	   Default.  This means no validation will occur.

       focus
	   validateCommand will be called when the Spinbox receives or loses focus.

       focusin
	   validateCommand will be called when the Spinbox receives focus.

       focusout
	   validateCommand will be called when the Spinbox loses focus.

       key validateCommand will be called when the Spinbox is edited.

       all validateCommand will be called for all above conditions.

	   The validateCommand and invalidCommand callbacks are invoked with at least 5
	   positional arguments, which are appended to any already existing callback arguments:

	   o   1

	       The proposed value of the entry.  If you are configuring the entry widget to have
	       a new textVariable, this will be the value of that textVariable.

	   o   2

	       The characters to be added (or deleted). This will be "undef" if validation is due
	       to focus, explcit call to validate or if change is due to "-textvariable"
	       changing.

	   o   3

	       The current value of entry i.e. before the proposed change.

	   o   4

	       The index of character string to be added/deleted, if any. Otherwise -1.

	   o   5

	       Type of action. 1 == INSERT, 0 == DELETE, -1 if it's a forced validation or
	       textVariable validation.

	   In general, the textVariable and validateCommand can be dangerous to mix.  Any
	   problems have been overcome so that using the validateCommand will not interfere with
	   the traditional behavior of the Spinbox widget.  Using the textVariable for read-only
	   purposes will never cause problems.	The danger comes when you try set the
	   textVariable to something that the validateCommand would not accept, which causes
	   validate to become none (the invalidCommand will not be triggered).	The same happens
	   when an error occurs evaluating the validateCommand.

	   Primarily, an error will occur when the validateCommand or invalidCommand encounters
	   an error in its script while evaluating or validateCommand does not return a valid
	   boolean value.  The validate option will also set itself to none when you edit the
	   Spinbox widget from within either the validateCommand or the invalidCommand.  Such
	   editions will override the one that was being validated.  If you wish to edit the
	   value of the widget during validation and still have the validate option set, you
	   should include the command

	    my $val = $spinbox->cget(-validate);
	    $spinbox->configure(-validate => $val);

	   in the validateCommand or invalidCommand (whichever one you were editing the Spinbox
	   widget from).  It is also recommended to not set an associated textVariable during
	   validation, as that can cause the Spinbox widget to become out of sync with the
	   textVariable.

WIDGET METHODS
       The Spinbox command creates a widget object whose name is $widget.  This command may be
       used to invoke various operations on the widget.  It has the following general form:

	$widget->method(?arg arg ...?);

       Many of the methods for Spinboxes take one or more indices as arguments.  An index
       specifies a particular character in the Spinbox's string, in any of the following ways:

       number
	   Specifies the character as a numerical index, where 0 corresponds to the first
	   character in the string.

       anchor
	   Indicates the anchor point for the selection, which is set with the select from and
	   select adjust methods.

       end Indicates the character just after the last one in the Spinbox's string.  This is
	   equivalent to specifying a numerical index equal to the length of the Spinbox's
	   string.

       insert
	   Indicates the character adjacent to and immediately following the insertion cursor.

       sel.first
	   Indicates the first character in the selection.  It is an error to use this form if
	   the selection isn't in the Spinbox window.

       sel.last
	   Indicates the character just after the last one in the selection.  It is an error to
	   use this form if the selection isn't in the Spinbox window.

       @number
	   In this form, number is treated as an x-coordinate in the Spinbox's window;	the
	   character spanning that x-coordinate is used.  For example, ``@0'' indicates the left-
	   most character in the window.

       Abbreviations may be used for any of the forms above, e.g. ``e'' or ``sel.f''.  In
       general, out-of-range indices are automatically rounded to the nearest legal value.

       The following commands are possible for Spinbox widgets:

       $widget->bbox(index);
	   Returns a list of four numbers describing the bounding box of the character given by
	   index.  The first two elements of the list give the x and y coordinates of the upper-
	   left corner of the screen area covered by the character (in pixels relative to the
	   widget) and the last two elements give the width and height of the character, in
	   pixels.  The bounding box may refer to a region outside the visible area of the
	   window.

       $widget->cget(option);
	   Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option.  Option may
	   have any of the values accepted by the Spinbox command.

       $widget->configure(?option?, ?value, option, value, ...?);
	   Query or modify the configuration options of the widget.  If no option is specified,
	   returns a list describing all of the available options for $widget (see Tk::configure
	   for information on the format of this list).  If option is specified with no value,
	   then the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be
	   identical to the corresponding sublist of the value returned if no option is
	   specified).	If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command
	   modifies the given widget option(s) to have the given value(s);  in this case the
	   command returns an empty string.  Option may have any of the values accepted by the
	   Spinbox command.

       $widget->delete(first, ?last?);
	   Delete one or more elements of the Spinbox.	First is the index of the first character
	   to delete, and last is the index of the character just after the last one to delete.
	   If last isn't specified it defaults to first+1, i.e. a single character is deleted.
	   This command returns an empty string.

       $widget->get;
	   Returns the Spinbox's string.

       $widget->icursor(index);
	   Arrange for the insertion cursor to be displayed just before the character given by
	   index.  Returns an empty string.

       $widget->identify(x, y);
	   Returns the name of the window element corresponding to coordinates x and y in the
	   Spinbox.  Return value is one of: none, buttondown, buttonup, entry.

       $widget->index(index);
	   Returns the numerical index corresponding to index.

       $widget->insert(index, string);
	   Insert the characters of string just before the character indicated by index.  Returns
	   an empty string.

       $widget->invoke(element);
	   Causes the specified element, either buttondown or buttonup, to be invoked, triggering
	   the action associated with it.

       $widget->scan(option, args);
	   This command is used to implement scanning on Spinboxes.  It has two forms, depending
	   on option:

	   $widget->scanMark(x);
	       Records x and the current view in the Spinbox window;  used in conjunction with
	       later scan dragto commands.  Typically this command is associated with a mouse
	       button press in the widget.  It returns an empty string.

	   $widget->scanDragto(x);
	       This command computes the difference between its x argument and the x argument to
	       the last scan mark command for the widget.  It then adjusts the view left or right
	       by 10 times the difference in x-coordinates.  This command is typically associated
	       with mouse motion events in the widget, to produce the effect of dragging the
	       Spinbox at high speed through the window.  The return value is an empty string.

       $widget->selection(option, arg);
	   This command is used to adjust the selection within a Spinbox.  It has several forms,
	   depending on option:

	   $widget->selectionAdjust(index);
	       Locate the end of the selection nearest to the character given by index, and
	       adjust that end of the selection to be at index (i.e including but not going
	       beyond index).  The other end of the selection is made the anchor point for future
	       select to commands.  If the selection isn't currently in the Spinbox, then a new
	       selection is created to include the characters between index and the most recent
	       selection anchor point, inclusive.  Returns an empty string.

	   $widget->selectionClear;
	       Clear the selection if it is currently in this widget.  If the selection isn't in
	       this widget then the command has no effect.  Returns an empty string.

	   $widget->selectionElement(?element?);
	       Sets or gets the currently selected element.  If a spinbutton element is
	       specified, it will be displayed depressed.

	   $widget->selectionFrom(index);
	       Set the selection anchor point to just before the character given by index.
	       Doesn't change the selection.  Returns an empty string.

	   $widget->selectionPresent;
	       Returns 1 if there is are characters selected in the Spinbox, 0 if nothing is
	       selected.

	   $widget->selectionRange(start, end);
	       Sets the selection to include the characters starting with the one indexed by
	       start and ending with the one just before end.  If end refers to the same
	       character as start or an earlier one, then the Spinbox's selection is cleared.

	   $widget->selectionTo(index);
	       If index is before the anchor point, set the selection to the characters from
	       index up to but not including the anchor point.	If index is the same as the
	       anchor point, do nothing.  If index is after the anchor point, set the selection
	       to the characters from the anchor point up to but not including index.  The anchor
	       point is determined by the most recent select from or select adjust command in
	       this widget.  If the selection isn't in this widget then a new selection is
	       created using the most recent anchor point specified for the widget.  Returns an
	       empty string.

       $widget->set(?string?);
	   If string is specified, the Spinbox will try and set it to this value, otherwise it
	   just returns the Spinbox's string.  If validation is on, it will occur when setting
	   the string.

       $widget->validate;
	   This command is used to force an evaluation of the validateCommand independent of the
	   conditions specified by the validate option.  This is done by temporarily setting the
	   validate option to all.  It returns 0 or 1.

       $widget->xview(args);
	   This command is used to query and change the horizontal position of the text in the
	   widget's window.  It can take any of the following forms:

	   $widget->xview;
	       Returns a list containing two elements.	Each element is a real fraction between 0
	       and 1;  together they describe the horizontal span that is visible in the window.
	       For example, if the first element is .2 and the second element is .6, 20% of the
	       Spinbox's text is off-screen to the left, the middle 40% is visible in the window,
	       and 40% of the text is off-screen to the right.	These are the same values passed
	       to scrollbars via the -xscrollcommand option.

	   $widget->xview(index);
	       Adjusts the view in the window so that the character given by index is displayed
	       at the left edge of the window.

	   $widget->xviewMoveto(fraction);
	       Adjusts the view in the window so that the character fraction of the way through
	       the text appears at the left edge of the window.  Fraction must be a fraction
	       between 0 and 1.

	   $widget->xviewScroll(number, what);
	       This command shifts the view in the window left or right according to number and
	       what.  Number must be an integer.  What must be either units or pages or an
	       abbreviation of one of these.  If what is units, the view adjusts left or right by
	       number average-width characters on the display;	if it is pages then the view
	       adjusts by number screenfuls.  If number is negative then characters farther to
	       the left become visible;  if it is positive then characters farther to the right
	       become visible.

DEFAULT BINDINGS
       Tk automatically creates class bindings for Spinboxes that give them the following default
       behavior.  In the descriptions below, ``word'' refers to a contiguous group of letters,
       digits, or ``_'' characters, or any single character other than these.

       [1] Clicking mouse button 1 positions the insertion cursor just before the character
	   underneath the mouse cursor, sets the input focus to this widget, and clears any
	   selection in the widget.  Dragging with mouse button 1 strokes out a selection between
	   the insertion cursor and the character under the mouse.

       [2] Double-clicking with mouse button 1 selects the word under the mouse and positions the
	   insertion cursor at the beginning of the word.  Dragging after a double click will
	   stroke out a selection consisting of whole words.

       [3] Triple-clicking with mouse button 1 selects all of the text in the Spinbox and
	   positions the insertion cursor before the first character.

       [4] The ends of the selection can be adjusted by dragging with mouse button 1 while the
	   Shift key is down;  this will adjust the end of the selection that was nearest to the
	   mouse cursor when button 1 was pressed.  If the button is double-clicked before
	   dragging then the selection will be adjusted in units of whole words.

       [5] Clicking mouse button 1 with the Control key down will position the insertion cursor
	   in the Spinbox without affecting the selection.

       [6] If any normal printing characters are typed in a Spinbox, they are inserted at the
	   point of the insertion cursor.

       [7] The view in the Spinbox can be adjusted by dragging with mouse button 2.  If mouse
	   button 2 is clicked without moving the mouse, the selection is copied into the Spinbox
	   at the position of the mouse cursor.

       [8] If the mouse is dragged out of the Spinbox on the left or right sides while button 1
	   is pressed, the Spinbox will automatically scroll to make more text visible (if there
	   is more text off-screen on the side where the mouse left the window).

       [9] The Left and Right keys move the insertion cursor one character to the left or right;
	   they also clear any selection in the Spinbox and set the selection anchor.  If Left or
	   Right is typed with the Shift key down, then the insertion cursor moves and the
	   selection is extended to include the new character.	Control-Left and Control-Right
	   move the insertion cursor by words, and Control-Shift-Left and Control-Shift-Right
	   move the insertion cursor by words and also extend the selection.  Control-b and
	   Control-f behave the same as Left and Right, respectively.  Meta-b and Meta-f behave
	   the same as Control-Left and Control-Right, respectively.

       [10]
	   The Home key, or Control-a, will move the insertion cursor to the beginning of the
	   Spinbox and clear any selection in the Spinbox.  Shift-Home moves the insertion cursor
	   to the beginning of the Spinbox and also extends the selection to that point.

       [11]
	   The End key, or Control-e, will move the insertion cursor to the end of the Spinbox
	   and clear any selection in the Spinbox.  Shift-End moves the cursor to the end and
	   extends the selection to that point.

       [12]
	   The Select key and Control-Space set the selection anchor to the position of the
	   insertion cursor.  They don't affect the current selection.	Shift-Select and Control-
	   Shift-Space adjust the selection to the current position of the insertion cursor,
	   selecting from the anchor to the insertion cursor if there was not any selection
	   previously.

       [13]
	   Control-/ selects all the text in the Spinbox.

       [14]
	   Control-\ clears any selection in the Spinbox.

       [15]
	   The F16 key (labelled Copy on many Sun workstations) or Meta-w copies the selection in
	   the widget to the clipboard, if there is a selection.

       [16]
	   The F20 key (labelled Cut on many Sun workstations) or Control-w copies the selection
	   in the widget to the clipboard and deletes the selection.  If there is no selection in
	   the widget then these keys have no effect.

       [17]
	   The F18 key (labelled Paste on many Sun workstations) or Control-y inserts the
	   contents of the clipboard at the position of the insertion cursor.

       [18]
	   The Delete key deletes the selection, if there is one in the Spinbox.  If there is no
	   selection, it deletes the character to the right of the insertion cursor.

       [19]
	   The BackSpace key and Control-h delete the selection, if there is one in the Spinbox.
	   If there is no selection, it deletes the character to the left of the insertion
	   cursor.

       [20]
	   Control-d deletes the character to the right of the insertion cursor.

       [21]
	   Meta-d deletes the word to the right of the insertion cursor.

       [22]
	   Control-k deletes all the characters to the right of the insertion cursor.

       [23]
	   Control-t reverses the order of the two characters to the right of the insertion
	   cursor.

	   If the Spinbox is disabled using the -state option, then the Spinbox's view can still
	   be adjusted and text in the Spinbox can still be selected, but no insertion cursor
	   will be displayed and no text modifications will take place.

	   The behavior of Spinboxes can be changed by defining new bindings for individual
	   widgets or by redefining the class bindings.

KEYWORDS
       Spinbox, Entry, widget

perl v5.16.3				    2014-06-10				       Spinbox(3)
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