Unix/Linux Go Back    


CentOS 7.0 - man page for test::warn (centos section 3)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


Warn(3) 		       User Contributed Perl Documentation			  Warn(3)

NAME
       Test::Warn - Perl extension to test methods for warnings

SYNOPSIS
	 use Test::Warn;

	 warning_is    {foo(-dri => "/")} "Unknown Parameter 'dri'", "dri != dir gives warning";
	 warnings_are  {bar(1,1)} ["Width very small", "Height very small"];

	 warning_is    {add(2,2)} undef, "No warnings for calc 2+2"; # or
	 warnings_are  {add(2,2)} [],	 "No warnings for calc 2+2"; # what reads better :-)

	 warning_like  {foo(-dri => "/")} qr/unknown param/i, "an unknown parameter test";
	 warnings_like {bar(1,1)} [qr/width.*small/i, qr/height.*small/i];

	 warning_is    {foo()} {carped => "didn't find the right parameters"};
	 warnings_like {foo()} [qr/undefined/,qr/undefined/,{carped => qr/no result/i}];

	 warning_like {foo(undef)}		   'uninitialized';
	 warning_like {bar(file => '/etc/passwd')} 'io';

	 warning_like {eval q/"$x"; $x;/}
		      [qw/void uninitialized/],
		      "some warnings at compile time";

	 warnings_exist {...} [qr/expected warning/], "Expected warning is thrown";

DESCRIPTION
       A good style of Perl programming calls for a lot of diverse regression tests.

       This module provides a few convenience methods for testing warning based code.

       If you are not already familiar with the Test::More manpage now would be the time to go
       take a look.

   FUNCTIONS
       warning_is BLOCK STRING, TEST_NAME
	   Tests that BLOCK gives the specified warning exactly once.  The test fails if the
	   BLOCK warns more than once or does not warn at all.	If the string is undef, then the
	   tests succeeds if the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.  Another way to say that there
	   are no warnings in the block is "warnings_are {foo()} [], "no warnings"".

	   If you want to test for a warning given by Carp, you have to write something like:
	   "warning_is {carp "msg"} {carped => 'msg'}, "Test for a carped warning"".  The test
	   will fail if a "normal" warning is found instead of a "carped" one.

	   Note: "warn "foo"" would print something like "foo at -e line 1".  This method ignores
	   everything after the "at". Thus to match this warning you would have to call
	   "warning_is {warn "foo"} "foo", "Foo succeeded"".  If you need to test for a warning
	   at an exactly line, try something like "warning_like {warn "foo"} qr/at XYZ.dat line
	   5/".

	   warning_is and warning_are are only aliases to the same method.  So you also could
	   write "warning_is {foo()} [], "no warning"" or something similar.  I decided to give
	   two methods the same name to improve readability.

	   A true value is returned if the test succeeds, false otherwise.

	   The test name is optional, but recommended.

       warnings_are BLOCK ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME
	   Tests to see that BLOCK gives exactly the specified warnings.  The test fails if the
	   warnings from BLOCK are not exactly the ones in ARRAYREF.  If the ARRAYREF is equal to
	   [], then the test succeeds if the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.

	   Please read also the notes to warning_is as these methods are only aliases.

	   If you want more than one test for carped warnings, try this: "warnings_are {carp
	   "c1"; carp "c2"} {carped =" ['c1','c2'];> or "warnings_are {foo()} ["Warning 1",
	   {carped =" ["Carp 1", "Carp 2"]}, "Warning 2"]>.  Note that "{carped =" ...}> must
	   always be a hash ref.

       warning_like BLOCK REGEXP, TEST_NAME
	   Tests that BLOCK gives exactly one warning and it can be matched by the given regexp.
	   If the string is undef, then the tests succeeds if the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.

	   The REGEXP is matched against the whole warning line, which in general has the form
	   "WARNING at __FILE__ line __LINE__".  So you can check for a warning in the file
	   Foo.pm on line 5 with "warning_like {bar()} qr/at Foo.pm line 5/, "Testname"".  I
	   don't know whether it's sensful to do such a test :-( However, you should be prepared
	   as a matching with 'at', 'file', '\d' or similar will always pass.  Think to the
	   qr/^foo/ if you want to test for warning "foo something" in file foo.pl.

	   You can also write the regexp in a string as "/.../" instead of using the qr/.../
	   syntax.  Note that the slashes are important in the string, as strings without slashes
	   are reserved for warning categories (to match warning categories as can be seen in the
	   perllexwarn man page).

	   Similar to "warning_is", you can test for warnings via "carp" with: "warning_like
	   {bar()} {carped =" qr/bar called too early/i};>

	   Similar to "warning_is"/"warnings_are", "warning_like" and "warnings_like" are only
	   aliases to the same methods.

	   A true value is returned if the test succeeds, false otherwise.

	   The test name is optional, but recommended.

       warning_like BLOCK STRING, TEST_NAME
	   Tests whether a BLOCK gives exactly one warning of the passed category.  The
	   categories are grouped in a tree, like it is expressed in perllexwarn.  Note, that
	   they have the hierarchical structure from perl 5.8.0, wich has a little bit changed to
	   5.6.1 or earlier versions (You can access the internal used tree with
	   $Test::Warn::Categorization::tree, although I wouldn't recommend it)

	   Thanks to the grouping in a tree, it's simple possible to test for an 'io' warning,
	   instead for testing for a 'closed|exec|layer|newline|pipe|unopened' warning.

	   Note, that warnings occuring at compile time, can only be catched in an eval block. So

	     warning_like {eval q/"$x"; $x;/}
			  [qw/void uninitialized/],
			  "some warnings at compile time";

	   will work, while it wouldn't work without the eval.

	   Note, that it isn't possible yet, to test for own categories, created with
	   warnings::register.

       warnings_like BLOCK ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME
	   Tests to see that BLOCK gives exactly the number of the specified warnings and all the
	   warnings have to match in the defined order to the passed regexes.

	   Please read also the notes to warning_like as these methods are only aliases.

	   Similar to "warnings_are", you can test for multiple warnings via "carp" and for
	   warning categories, too:

	     warnings_like {foo()}
			   [qr/bar warning/,
			    qr/bar warning/,
			    {carped => qr/bar warning/i},
			    'io'
			   ],
			   "I hope, you'll never have to write a test for so many warnings :-)";

       warnings_exist BLOCK STRING|ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME
	   Same as warning_like, but will warn() all warnings that do not match the supplied
	   regex/category, instead of registering an error. Use this test when you just want to
	   make sure that specific warnings were generated, and couldn't care less if other
	   warnings happened in the same block of code.

	     warnings_exist {...} [qr/expected warning/], "Expected warning is thrown";

	     warnings_exist {...} ['uninitialized'], "Expected warning is thrown";

   EXPORT
       "warning_is", "warnings_are", "warning_like", "warnings_like", "warnings_exist" by
       default.

BUGS
       Please note that warnings with newlines inside are making a lot of trouble.  The only
       sensible way to handle them is to use are the "warning_like" or "warnings_like" methods.
       Background for these problems is that there is no really secure way to distinguish between
       warnings with newlines and a tracing stacktrace.

       If a method has it's own warn handler, overwriting $SIG{__WARN__}, my test warning methods
       won't get these warnings.

       The "warning_like BLOCK CATEGORY, TEST_NAME" method isn't extremely tested.  Please use
       this calling style with higher attention and tell me if you find a bug.

TODO
       Improve this documentation.

       The code has some parts doubled - especially in the test scripts.  This is really awkward
       and must be changed.

       Please feel free to suggest improvements.

SEE ALSO
       Have a look to the similar modules: Test::Exception, Test::Trap.

THANKS
       Many thanks to Adrian Howard, chromatic and Michael G. Schwern, who have given me a lot of
       ideas.

AUTHOR
       Janek Schleicher, <bigj AT kamelfreund.de>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       Copyright 2002 by Janek Schleicher

       Copyright 2007-2011 by Alexandr Ciornii, <http://chorny.net/>

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.16.3				    2012-04-01					  Warn(3)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 05:06 PM.