Test::MockObject::Extends(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Test::MockObject::Extends(3)
Test::MockObject::Extends - mock part of an object or class
# create an object to mock
my $object = Some::Class->new();
# wrap that same object with a mocking wrapper
$object = Test::MockObject::Extends->new( $object );
# now chain mock and control calls
$object->set_true( 'parent_method' )
->set_always( -grandparent_method => 1 )
Test::MockObject::Extends lets you mock one or more methods of an existing object or
class. This can be very handy when you're testing a well-factored module that does almost
exactly what you want. Wouldn't it be handy to take control of a method or two to make
sure you receive testable results? Now you can.
"new( $object | $class )"
"new()" takes one optional argument, the object or class to mock. If you're mocking a
method for an object that holds internal state, create an appropriate object, then
pass it to this constructor. NOTE: this will modify the object in place.
If you're mocking an object that does not need state, as in the cases where there's no
internal data or you'll only be calling class methods, or where you'll be mocking all
of the access to internal data, you can pass in the name of the class to mock
If you've not yet loaded the class, this method will try to load it for you. This may
fail, so beware.
If you pass no arguments, it will assume you really meant to create a normal
"Test::MockObject" object and will oblige you.
Note that if you pass a class, the object returned will appear to be an instance of
that class; this does not mock the class itself.
"mock( $methodname, $sub_ref )"
See the documentation for Test::MockObject for all of the ways to mock methods and to
retrieve method logging information. These methods return the invocant, so you can
"unmock( $methodname )"
Removes any active mocking of the named method. This means any calls to that method
will hit the method of that name in the class being mocked, if it exists. This method
returns the invocant, you can chain it.
"isa( $class )"
As you'd expect from a mocked object, this will return true for the class it's
To do its magic, this module uses several internal methods:
o "check_class_loaded( $parent_class )"
This verifies that you have the mockee defined. If not, it attempts to load the
corresponding module for you.
o "gen_autoload( $extended )"
Returns an AUTOLOAD subroutine for the mock object that checks that the extended
object (or class) can perform the requested method, that Test::MockObject can perform
it, or that the parent has an appropriate AUTOLOAD of its own. (It should have its
own "can()" in that case too though.)
o "gen_can( $extended )"
Returns a "can()" method for the mock object that respects the same execution order as
o "gen_isa( $extended )"
Returns an "isa()" method for the mock object that claims to be the $extended object
o "gen_get_parents( $extended )"
Returns a "__get_parents()" method for the mock object that claims to be the $extended
o "gen_package( $extended )"
Creates a new unique package for the mock object with the appropriate methods already
o "get_class( $invocant )"
Returns the class name of the invocant, whether it's an object or a class name.
There may be some weird corner cases with dynamically generated methods in the mocked
class. You really should use subroutine declarations though, or at least set "can()"
There are also potential name collisions with methods in this module or
"Test::MockObject", though this should be rare.
chromatic, <chromatic at wgz dot org>
Documentation bug fixed by Stevan Little. Additional AUTOLOAD approach suggested by Adam
Kennedy. Other bugs reported by Paul the Nomad and Praveen Ray. Thank you all!
No known bugs.
Copyright (c) 2004 - 2011, chromatic. All rights reserved. You may use, modify, and
distribute this module under the same terms as Perl 5.10
perl v5.16.3 2012-03-01 Test::MockObject::Extends(3)