Unix/Linux Go Back    


CentOS 7.0 - man page for template::test (centos section 3)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


Template::Test(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation		Template::Test(3)

NAME
       Template::Test - Module for automating TT2 test scripts

SYNOPSIS
	   use Template::Test;

	   $Template::Test::DEBUG = 0;	 # set this true to see each test running
	   $Template::Test::EXTRA = 2;	 # 2 extra tests follow test_expect()...

	   # ok() can be called any number of times before test_expect
	   ok( $true_or_false )

	   # test_expect() splits $input into individual tests, processes each
	   # and compares generated output against expected output
	   test_expect($input, $template, \%replace );

	   # $input is text or filehandle (e.g. DATA section after __END__)
	   test_expect( $text );
	   test_expect( \*DATA );

	   # $template is a Template object or configuration hash
	   my $template_cfg = { ... };
	   test_expect( $input, $template_cfg );
	   my $template_obj = Template->new($template_cfg);
	   test_expect( $input, $template_obj );

	   # $replace is a hash reference of template variables
	   my $replace = {
	       a => 'alpha',
	       b => 'bravo'
	   };
	   test_expect( $input, $template, $replace );

	   # ok() called after test_expect should be declared in $EXTRA (2)
	   ok( $true_or_false )
	   ok( $true_or_false )

DESCRIPTION
       The "Template::Test" module defines the test_expect() and other related subroutines which
       can be used to automate test scripts for the Template Toolkit.  See the numerous tests in
       the t sub-directory of the distribution for examples of use.

PACKAGE SUBROUTINES
   text_expect()
       The "test_expect()" subroutine splits an input document into a number of separate tests,
       processes each one using the Template Toolkit and then compares the generated output
       against an expected output, also specified in the input document.  It generates the
       familiar "ok"/"not ok" output compatible with "Test::Harness".

       The test input should be specified as a text string or a reference to a filehandle (e.g.
       "GLOB" or "IO::Handle") from which it can be read.  In particular, this allows the test
       input to be placed after the "__END__" marker and read via the "DATA" filehandle.

	   use Template::Test;

	   test_expect(\*DATA);

	   __END__
	   # this is the first test (this is a comment)
	   -- test --
	   blah blah blah [% foo %]
	   -- expect --
	   blah blah blah value_of_foo

	   # here's the second test (no surprise, so is this)
	   -- test --
	   more blah blah [% bar %]
	   -- expect --
	   more blah blah value_of_bar

       Blank lines between test sections are generally ignored.  Any line starting with "#" is
       treated as a comment and is ignored.

       The second and third parameters to "test_expect()" are optional.  The second may be either
       a reference to a Template object which should be used to process the template fragments,
       or a reference to a hash array containing configuration values which should be used to
       instantiate a new Template object.

	   # pass reference to config hash
	   my $config = {
	       INCLUDE_PATH => '/here/there:/every/where',
	       POST_CHOMP   => 1,
	   };
	   test_expect(\*DATA, $config);

	   # or create Template object explicitly
	   my $template = Template->new($config);
	   test_expect(\*DATA, $template);

       The third parameter may be used to reference a hash array of template variable which
       should be defined when processing the tests.  This is passed to the Template process()
       method.

	   my $replace = {
	       a => 'alpha',
	       b => 'bravo',
	   };

	   test_expect(\*DATA, $config, $replace);

       The second parameter may be left undefined to specify a default Template configuration.

	   test_expect(\*DATA, undef, $replace);

       For testing the output of different Template configurations, a reference to a list of
       named Template objects also may be passed as the second parameter.

	   my $tt1 = Template->new({ ... });
	   my $tt2 = Template->new({ ... });
	   my @tts = [ one => $tt1, two => $tt1 ];

       The first object in the list is used by default.  Other objects may be switched in with a
       '"-- use $name --"' marker.  This should immediately follow a '"-- test --"' line.  That
       object will then be used for the rest of the test, or until a different object is
       selected.

	   -- test --
	   -- use one --
	   [% blah %]
	   -- expect --
	   blah, blah

	   -- test --
	   still using one...
	   -- expect --
	   ...

	   -- test --
	   -- use two --
	   [% blah %]
	   -- expect --
	   blah, blah, more blah

       The "test_expect()" sub counts the number of tests, and then calls ntests() to generate
       the familiar ""1..$ntests\n"" test harness line.  Each test defined generates two test
       numbers.  The first indicates that the input was processed without error, and the second
       that the output matches that expected.

       Additional test may be run before "test_expect()" by calling ok(). These test results are
       cached until ntests() is called and the final number of tests can be calculated. Then, the
       ""1..$ntests"" line is output, along with ""ok $n"" / ""not ok $n"" lines for each of the
       cached test result.  Subsequent calls to ok() then generate an output line immediately.

	   my $something = SomeObject->new();
	   ok( $something );

	   my $other = AnotherThing->new();
	   ok( $other );

	   test_expect(\*DATA);

       If any tests are to follow after "test_expect()" is called then these should be pre-
       declared by setting the $EXTRA package variable.  This value (default: 0) is added to the
       grand total calculated by ntests().  The results of the additional tests are also
       registered by calling ok().

	   $Template::Test::EXTRA = 2;

	   # can call ok() any number of times before test_expect()
	   ok( $did_that_work );
	   ok( $make_sure );
	   ok( $dead_certain );

	   # <some> number of tests...
	   test_expect(\*DATA, $config, $replace);

	   # here's those $EXTRA tests
	   ok( defined $some_result && ref $some_result eq 'ARRAY' );
	   ok( $some_result->[0] eq 'some expected value' );

       If you don't want to call "test_expect()" at all then you can call "ntests($n)" to declare
       the number of tests and generate the test header line.  After that, simply call ok() for
       each test passing a true or false values to indicate that the test passed or failed.

	   ntests(2);
	   ok(1);
	   ok(0);

       If you're really lazy, you can just call ok() and not bother declaring the number of tests
       at all.	All tests results will be cached until the end of the script and then printed in
       one go before the program exits.

	   ok( $x );
	   ok( $y );

       You can identify only a specific part of the input file for testing using the '"-- start
       --"' and '"-- stop --"' markers.  Anything before the first '"-- start --"' is ignored,
       along with anything after the next '"-- stop --"' marker.

	   -- test --
	   this is test 1 (not performed)
	   -- expect --
	   this is test 1 (not performed)

	   -- start --

	   -- test --
	   this is test 2
	   -- expect --
	   this is test 2

	   -- stop --

	   ...

   ntests()
       Subroutine used to specify how many tests you're expecting to run.

   ok($test)
       Generates an ""ok $n"" or ""not ok $n"" message if $test is true or false.

   not_ok($test)
       The logical inverse of ok(). Prints an ""ok $n"" message is $test is false and vice-versa.

   callsign()
       For historical reasons and general utility, the module also defines a "callsign()"
       subroutine which returns a hash mapping the letters "a" to "z" to their phonetic alphabet
       equivalent (e.g. radio callsigns).  This is used by many of the test scripts as a known
       source of variable values.

	   test_expect(\*DATA, $config, callsign());

   banner()
       This subroutine prints a simple banner including any text passed as parameters.	The
       $DEBUG variable must be set for it to generate any output.

	   banner('Testing something-or-other');

       example output:

	   #------------------------------------------------------------
	   # Testing something-or-other (27 tests completed)
	   #------------------------------------------------------------

PACKAGE VARIABLES
   $DEBUG
       The $DEBUG package variable can be set to enable debugging mode.

   $PRESERVE
       The $PRESERVE package variable can be set to stop the test_expect() from converting
       newlines in the output and expected output into the literal strings '\n'.

HISTORY
       This module started its butt-ugly life as the "t/texpect.pl" script.  It was cleaned up to
       became the "Template::Test" module some time around version 0.29.  It underwent further
       cosmetic surgery for version 2.00 but still retains some remarkable rear-end resemblances.

       Since then the "Test::More" and related modules have appeared on CPAN making this module
       mostly, but not entirely, redundant.

BUGS / KNOWN "FEATURES"
       Imports all methods by default.	This is generally a Bad Thing, but this module is only
       used in test scripts (i.e. at build time) so a) we don't really care and b) it saves
       typing.

       The line splitter may be a bit dumb, especially if it sees lines like "-- this --" that
       aren't supposed to be special markers.  So don't do that.

AUTHOR
       Andy Wardley <abw@wardley.org> <http://wardley.org/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1996-2007 Andy Wardley.  All Rights Reserved.

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO
       Template

perl v5.16.3				    2011-12-20				Template::Test(3)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 04:14 AM.