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SIGQUEUE(3)			    Linux Programmer's Manual			      SIGQUEUE(3)

NAME
       sigqueue - queue a signal and data to a process

SYNOPSIS
       #include <signal.h>

       int sigqueue(pid_t pid, int sig, const union sigval value);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       sigqueue(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 199309L

DESCRIPTION
       sigqueue()  sends  the  signal  specified in sig to the process whose PID is given in pid.
       The permissions required to send a signal are the same as for kill(2).  As  with  kill(2),
       the null signal (0) can be used to check if a process with a given PID exists.

       The value argument is used to specify an accompanying item of data (either an integer or a
       pointer value) to be sent with the signal, and has the following type:

	   union sigval {
	       int   sival_int;
	       void *sival_ptr;
	   };

       If the receiving process has installed a handler for this signal using the SA_SIGINFO flag
       to  sigaction(2),  then	it  can  obtain this data via the si_value field of the siginfo_t
       structure passed as the second argument to the handler.	Furthermore, the si_code field of
       that structure will be set to SI_QUEUE.

RETURN VALUE
       On  success,  sigqueue()  returns 0, indicating that the signal was successfully queued to
       the receiving process.  Otherwise -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       EAGAIN The limit of signals which may be queued has been reached.  (See signal(7) for fur-
	      ther information.)

       EINVAL sig was invalid.

       EPERM  The  process  does not have permission to send the signal to the receiving process.
	      For the required permissions, see kill(2).

       ESRCH  No process has a PID matching pid.

VERSIONS
       This system call first appeared in Linux 2.2.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001.

NOTES
       If this function results in the sending of a signal to the process that	invoked  it,  and
       that  signal  was  not blocked by the calling thread, and no other threads were willing to
       handle this signal (either by having it unblocked, or by waiting for it using sigwait(3)),
       then at least some signal must be delivered to this thread before this function returns.

       On Linux, this function is implemented using the rt_sigqueueinfo(2) system call.  The sys-
       tem call differs in its third argument, which is the siginfo_t structure that will be sup-
       plied  to  the  receiving  process's signal handler or returned by the receiving process's
       sigtimedwait(2) call.  Inside the glibc sigqueue() wrapper, this argument, uinfo, is  ini-
       tialized as follows:

	   uinfo.si_signo = sig;      /* argument supplied to sigqueue() */
	   uinfo.si_code = SI_QUEUE;
	   uinfo.si_pid = getpid();   /* Process ID of sender */
	   uinfo.si_uid = getuid();   /* Real UID of sender */
	   uinfo.si_value = val;      /* argument supplied to sigqueue() */

SEE ALSO
       kill(2),  rt_sigqueueinfo(2),  sigaction(2),  signal(2),  pthread_sigqueue(3), sigwait(3),
       signal(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,     and    information	  about    reporting	bugs,	 can	be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux					    2012-03-25				      SIGQUEUE(3)
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