SD-DAEMON(3) sd-daemon SD-DAEMON(3)
sd-daemon, SD_EMERG, SD_ALERT, SD_CRIT, SD_ERR, SD_WARNING, SD_NOTICE, SD_INFO, SD_DEBUG -
Reference implementation of APIs for new-style daemons
pkg-config --cflags --libs libsystemd-daemon
sd-daemon.c and sd-daemon.h provide a reference implementation of various APIs for
new-style daemons, as implemented by the systemd(1) init system.
See sd_listen_fds(3), sd_notify(3), sd_booted(3), sd_is_fifo(3) for more information about
the functions implemented. In addition to these functions, a couple of logging prefixes
are defined as macros:
#define SD_EMERG "<0>" /* system is unusable */
#define SD_ALERT "<1>" /* action must be taken immediately */
#define SD_CRIT "<2>" /* critical conditions */
#define SD_ERR "<3>" /* error conditions */
#define SD_WARNING "<4>" /* warning conditions */
#define SD_NOTICE "<5>" /* normal but significant condition */
#define SD_INFO "<6>" /* informational */
#define SD_DEBUG "<7>" /* debug-level messages */
These prefixes are intended to be used in conjunction with STDERR-based logging as
implemented by systemd. If a systemd service definition file is configured with
StandardError=syslog or StandardError=kmsg, these prefixes can be used to encode a log
level in lines printed. This is similar to the kernel printk()-style logging. See
klogctl(2) for more information.
The log levels are identical to syslog(3)'s log level system. To use these prefixes simply
prefix every line with one of these strings. A line that is not prefixed will be logged at
the default log level SD_INFO.
Example 1. Hello World
A daemon may log with the log level NOTICE by issuing this call:
fprintf(stderr, SD_NOTICE "Hello World!\n");
These interfaces are provided by the reference implementation of APIs for new-style
daemons and distributed with the systemd package. The algorithms they implement are
simple, and can easily be reimplemented in daemons if it is important to support this
interface without using the reference implementation. See the respective function man
pages for details.
In addition, for details about the algorithms, check the liberally licensed reference
These APIs are implemented in the reference implementation's sd-daemon.c and sd-daemon.h
files. These interfaces are available as a shared library, which can be compiled and
linked to with the libsystemd-daemon pkg-config(1) file. Alternatively, applications
consuming these APIs may copy the implementation into their source tree, either verbatim
or in excerpts.
The functions directly related to new-style daemons become NOPs when -DDISABLE_SYSTEMD is
set during compilation and the reference implementation is used as drop-in files. In
addition, if sd-daemon.c is compiled on non-Linux systems they become NOPs.
systemd(1), sd_listen_fds(3), sd_notify(3), sd_booted(3), sd_is_fifo(3), daemon(7),
systemd.service(5), systemd.socket(5), fprintf(3), sd-readahead(3), pkg-config(1)
systemd 208 SD-DAEMON(3)