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PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier(3User Contributed Perl DocumentatioPPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier(3)

NAME
       PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier - Represent modifiers.

SYNOPSIS
	use PPIx::Regexp::Dumper;
	PPIx::Regexp::Dumper->new( 'qr{foo}smx' )
	    ->print();

       The trailing "smx" will be represented by this class.

       This class also represents the whole of things like "(?ismx)". But the modifiers in
       something like "(?i:foo)" are represented by a PPIx::Regexp::Token::GroupType::Modifier.

INHERITANCE
       "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" is a PPIx::Regexp::Token.

       "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" is the parent of PPIx::Regexp::Token::GroupType::Modifier.

DESCRIPTION
       This class represents modifier characters at the end of the regular expression.	For
       example, in "qr{foo}smx" this class would represent the terminal "smx".

   The "a", "aa", "d", "l", and "u" modifiers
       The "a", "aa", "d", "l", and "u" modifiers, introduced starting in Perl 5.13.6, are used
       to force either Unicode pattern semantics ("u"), locale semantics ("l") default semantics
       ("d" the traditional Perl semantics, which can also mean 'dual' since it means Unicode if
       the string's UTF-8 bit is on, and locale if the UTF-8 bit is off), or restricted default
       semantics ("a"). These are mutually exclusive, and only one can be asserted at a time.
       Asserting any of these overrides the inherited value of any of the others. The
       "asserted()" method reports as asserted the last one it sees, or none of them if it has
       seen none.

       For example, given "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" $elem representing the invalid regular
       expression fragment "(?dul)", "$elem->asserted( 'l' )" would return true, but
       "$elem->asserted( 'u' )" would return false. Note that "$elem->negated( 'u' )" would also
       return false, since "u" is not explicitly negated.

       If $elem represented regular expression fragment "(?i)", "$elem->asserted( 'd' )" would
       return false, since even though "d" represents the default behavior it is not explicitly
       asserted.

   The caret ("^") modifier
       Calling "^" a modifier is a bit of a misnomer. The "(?^...)"  construction was introduced
       in Perl 5.13.6, to prevent the inheritance of modifiers. The documentation calls the caret
       a shorthand equivalent for "d-imsx", and that it the way this class handles it.

       For example, given "PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier" $elem representing regular expression
       fragment "(?^i)", "$elem->asserted( 'd' )" would return true, since in the absence of an
       explicit "l" or "u" this class considers the "^" to explicitly assert "d".

       Note that if this is retracted before Perl 5.14 is released, this support will disappear.
       See "NOTICE" in PPIx::Regexp for some explanation.

METHODS
       This class provides the following public methods. Methods not documented here are private,
       and unsupported in the sense that the author reserves the right to change or remove them
       without notice.

   asserts
	$token->asserts( 'i' ) and print "token asserts i";
	foreach ( $token->asserts() ) { print "token asserts $_\n" }

       This method returns true if the token explicitly asserts the given modifier. The example
       would return true for the modifier in "(?i:foo)", but false for "(?-i:foo)".

       If called without an argument, or with an undef argument, all modifiers explicitly
       asserted by this token are returned.

   match_semantics
	my $sem = $token->match_semantics();
	defined $sem or $sem = 'undefined';
	print "This token has $sem match semantics\n";

       This method returns the match semantics asserted by the token, as one of the strings 'a',
       'aa', 'd', 'l', or 'u'. If no explicit match semantics are asserted, this method returns
       "undef".

   modifiers
	my %mods = $token->modifiers();

       Returns all modifiers asserted or negated by this token, and the values set (true for
       asserted, false for negated). If called in scalar context, returns a reference to a hash
       containing the values.

   negates
	$token->negates( 'i' ) and print "token negates i\n";
	foreach ( $token->negates() ) { print "token negates $_\n" }

       This method returns true if the token explicitly negates the given modifier. The example
       would return true for the modifier in "(?-i:foo)", but false for "(?i:foo)".

       If called without an argument, or with an undef argument, all modifiers explicitly negated
       by this token are returned.

SUPPORT
       Support is by the author. Please file bug reports at <http://rt.cpan.org>, or in
       electronic mail to the author.

AUTHOR
       Thomas R. Wyant, III wyant at cpan dot org

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       Copyright (C) 2009-2013 by Thomas R. Wyant, III

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl 5.10.0. For more details, see the full text of the licenses in the directory
       LICENSES.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty;
       without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

perl v5.16.3				    2014-06-10		 PPIx::Regexp::Token::Modifier(3)
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