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PPI::Statement(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation		PPI::Statement(3)

NAME
       PPI::Statement - The base class for Perl statements

INHERITANCE
	 PPI::Statement
	 isa PPI::Node
	     isa PPI::Element

DESCRIPTION
       PPI::Statement is the root class for all Perl statements. This includes (from perlsyn)
       "Declarations", "Simple Statements" and "Compound Statements".

       The class PPI::Statement itself represents a "Simple Statement" as defined in the perlsyn
       manpage.

STATEMENT CLASSES
       Please note that unless documented themselves, these classes are yet to be
       frozen/finalised. Names may change slightly or be added or removed.

   PPI::Statement::Scheduled
       This covers all "scheduled" blocks, chunks of code that are executed separately from the
       main body of the code, at a particular time. This includes all "BEGIN", "CHECK",
       "UNITCHECK", "INIT" and "END" blocks.

   PPI::Statement::Package
       A package declaration, as defined in perlfunc.

   PPI::Statement::Include
       A statement that loads or unloads another module.

       This includes 'use', 'no', and 'require' statements.

   PPI::Statement::Sub
       A named subroutine declaration, or forward declaration

   PPI::Statement::Variable
       A variable declaration statement. This could be either a straight declaration or also be
       an expression.

       This includes all 'my', 'state', 'local' and 'our' statements.

   PPI::Statement::Compound
       This covers the whole family of 'compound' statements, as described in perlsyn.

       This includes all statements starting with 'if', 'unless', 'for', 'foreach' and 'while'.
       Note that this does NOT include 'do', as it is treated differently.

       All compound statements have implicit ends. That is, they do not end with a ';' statement
       terminator.

   PPI::Statement::Break
       A statement that breaks out of a structure.

       This includes all of 'redo', 'next', 'last' and 'return' statements.

   PPI::Statement::Given
       The kind of statement introduced in Perl 5.10 that starts with 'given'.	This has an
       implicit end.

   PPI::Statement::When
       The kind of statement introduced in Perl 5.10 that starts with 'when' or 'default'.  This
       also has an implicit end.

   PPI::Statement::Data
       A special statement which encompasses an entire "__DATA__" block, including the initial
       '__DATA__' token itself and the entire contents.

   PPI::Statement::End
       A special statement which encompasses an entire __END__ block, including the initial
       '__END__' token itself and the entire contents, including any parsed PPI::Token::POD that
       may occur in it.

   PPI::Statement::Expression
       PPI::Statement::Expression is a little more speculative, and is intended to help represent
       the special rules relating to "expressions" such as in:

	 # Several examples of expression statements

	 # Boolean conditions
	 if ( expression ) { ... }

	 # Lists, such as for arguments
	 Foo->bar( expression )

   PPI::Statement::Null
       A null statement is a special case for where we encounter two consecutive statement
       terminators. ( ;; )

       The second terminator is given an entire statement of its own, but one that serves no
       purpose. Hence a 'null' statement.

       Theoretically, assuming a correct parsing of a perl file, all null statements are
       superfluous and should be able to be removed without damage to the file.

       But don't do that, in case PPI has parsed something wrong.

   PPI::Statement::UnmatchedBrace
       Because PPI is intended for use when parsing incorrect or incomplete code, the problem
       arises of what to do with a stray closing brace.

       Rather than die, it is allocated its own "unmatched brace" statement, which really means
       "unmatched closing brace". An unmatched open brace at the end of a file would become a
       structure with no contents and no closing brace.

       If the document loaded is intended to be correct and valid, finding a
       PPI::Statement::UnmatchedBrace in the PDOM is generally indicative of a misparse.

   PPI::Statement::Unknown
       This is used temporarily mid-parsing to hold statements for which the lexer cannot yet
       determine what class it should be, usually because there are insufficient clues, or it
       might be more than one thing.

       You should never encounter these in a fully parsed PDOM tree.

METHODS
       "PPI::Statement" itself has very few methods. Most of the time, you will be working with
       the more generic PPI::Element or PPI::Node methods, or one of the methods that are
       subclass-specific.

   label
       One factor common to most statements is their ability to be labeled.

       The "label" method returns the label for a statement, if one has been defined, but without
       the trailing colon. Take the following example

	 MYLABEL: while ( 1 .. 10 ) { last MYLABEL if $_ > 5 }

       For the above statement, the "label" method would return 'MYLABEL'.

       Returns false if the statement does not have a label.

   specialized
       Answer whether this is a plain statement or one that has more significance.

       Returns true if the statement is a subclass of this one, false otherwise.

   stable
       Much like the PPI::Document method of the same name, the ->stable method converts a
       statement to source and back again, to determine if a modified statement is still legal,
       and won't be interpreted in a different way.

       Returns true if the statement is stable, false if not, or "undef" on error.

TO DO
       - Complete, freeze and document the remaining classes

SUPPORT
       See the support section in the main module.

AUTHOR
       Adam Kennedy <adamk@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 2001 - 2011 Adam Kennedy.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.

perl v5.16.3				    2011-02-26				PPI::Statement(3)
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